What is a Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy (T&A)?
Surgery to have the tonsils and adenoids removed is the most common surgery performed on children in the United States. Often, the tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time. About 400,000 surgeries are performed each year. The need for a T&A will be determined by your child's ear, nose and throat surgeon and discussed with you. Most T&A surgeries are done on an outpatient basis and take about 45 minutes. However, some children may be required to stay overnight following the procedure, such as children who:
- Are not drinking well after surgery
- Have other chronic diseases or problems with seizures
- Have complications after surgery, such as bleeding
- Are younger than 3 years of age
Before the surgery, you will meet with the healthcare team who handle your child's care. These may include a surgeon, nurses and an anesthesiologist. During the surgery, your child will be anesthetized in the operating room. The surgeon will remove your child's tonsils and adenoids through the mouth; therea re not cuts made on the skin. There will be no cut on the skin. In most cases, after the surgery your child will go to a recovery room where they can be monitored closely. Bleeding is a complication of this surgery and should be addressed immediately by the surgeon. If the bleeding is severe, the child may return to the operating room.
Your physician may recommend increased fluid intake, pain medication, a soft food diet and refraining from heavy play while your child recovers at home.