Lurie Children’s Speech-Language Team specializes in evaluating and treating children from birth to 18 years of age who have difficulty communicating for a variety of reasons, including the disorders explained below.
Children often have difficulty producing individual speech sounds or groups of sounds. This may impact how easily their speech is understood by others. A speech sound disorder occurs when difficulties continue past the typical age at which a sound is mastered. To see the age range during which most children develop each sound, review the Talking Child's speech chart.
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a motor speech disorder caused by difficulty coordinating the muscle movements necessary for speech. CAS is not due to any weakness or paralysis of muscles. Often, a child may know what they want to say, but their brain has difficulty planning movements of speech muscles (lips, tongue, jaw, etc.).
Receptive language refers to a child's awareness and understanding of sounds and language symbols including vocabulary words, concepts, questions, directions, sentence structures, facial expressions and gestures. Expressive communication refers to the use of facial expressions, gestures, sounds, words and word combinations for the purpose of communication. Language delays or disorders may become apparent as a child does not meet their communication milestones.
For more information on childhood speech and language, please visit the American Speech-Language Hearing Association.