Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses near the nose. These infections usually occur after a cold or after an allergic inflammation. There are three types of sinusitis:
Sometimes, a sinus infection happens after an upper respiratory infection (URI) or a common cold. The URI causes inflammation of the nasal passages that can block the opening of the paranasal sinuses. When the flow of secretions from the sinuses is blocked, bacteria may begin to grow. This leads to a sinus infection, or sinusitis. Allergies can also lead to sinusitis because of the swelling of the nasal tissue and increased production of mucus. Other possible conditions that can block the normal flow of secretions out of the sinuses and can lead to sinusitis are:
The symptoms of sinusitis depend greatly on the age of the child.
In younger children:
In older children and adults:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for sinusitis may include the following:
Specific treatment for sinusitis will be determined by your child's physician based on:
Treatment of sinusitis may include the following:
Decongestants and antihistamines may not help the symptoms of sinusitis.
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