Urologic Diseases & Conditions We Treat

Our team of experts provides advanced care for a range of urologic diseases and conditions – ranging from the most common to the most complex. The following is a list of urological conditions in children that our team treats. 


  • Condition

    Atypical Genitalia (Differences of Sex Development)

    A fetus may develop along a path that is not the typical one for a boy or a girl. When sex development follows a less common path, the result is a difference of sex development.

  • Condition

    Bladder Exstrophy

    A severe deformity of the bladder requiring major reconstructive surgery at delivery.

  • Condition

    Bladder Stones (Calculi)

    Deposits of minerals such as calcium and magnesium that crystallize, sometimes causing severe pain in the lower abdomen and back, difficult or frequent urination, blood in the urine, and fever.

  • Condition

    Buried (Concealed, Hidden) Penis

    Partially or completely concealed beneath the scrotum or excess skin or fat in the pubic area, typically of normal size and function.

  • Condition

    Chordee

    A condition where the penis curves in a downward direction, typically developing while the child is still in the womb. Severe cases can impact the functioning of the penis.

  • Condition

    Cloacal Anomalies

    Congenital malformations of the female genitourinary and anorectal anatomy. The most common is persistent cloaca where openings to the bladder, vagina, and rectum are fused.

  • Condition

    Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    A disorder in which the body’s two adrenal glands have an enzyme-making defect. Without the enzymes, the adrenals can't make the hormones cortisol, aldosterone and androgens.

  • Condition

    Constipation

    Constipation in kids is quite common, but can lead to complications. Learn more about the causes and symptoms of children's constipation, and remedies to help.

  • Condition

    Duplicated Collecting System (Also Duplicated Kidney)

    Two ureters for one kidney, each one draining separately into the bladder.

  • Condition

    Dysfunctional Voiding

    Voiding dysfunction is a condition where the bladder does not empty correctly. Learn more about void dysfunction causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment here.

  • Condition

    Ectopic Ureter

    A rare condition where the ureter (the tube that moves urine from the kidney to the bladder) does not attach correctly to the top of the bladder but to some other location instead.

  • Condition

    Enuresis (Nighttime Wetting)

    Nighttime wetting (also known as enuresis) is the involuntary emptying of the bladder.

  • Condition

    Epididymitis/Orchitis

    Inflammation of the epididymis (the tube that carries semen out of the testicles), or inflammation of the testicle, most often following from infection of the epididymis.

  • Condition

    Epispadias

    A term used to describe when the urethral opening is in an abnormal location. In males, the opening is usually on the topside of the penis and not the tip.

  • Condition

    Hematuria

    Pediatric hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine in children. It can be caused by many things, including, infections and kidney diseases. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Horseshoe Kidney & Pelvic Kidney

    Conditions that either result when the kidneys fail to ascend to their normal position above the waist and remain in the pelvis or when the developing kidneys fuse together.

  • Condition

    Hydrocele

    A space filled with fluid occurring below or next to a testicle in the male scrotum. It is usually painless, and is not to be confused with a hernia, but may occur along with one.

  • Condition

    Hypospadias

    A condition in which the end of the urethra (the tube in the penis through which urine passes out of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis.

  • Condition

    Kidney Stones

    A hard deposit of mineral and acid crystals that sometimes forms inside a kidney, can cause extreme pain while it passes.

  • Condition

    Labial Adhesions

    Also known as “synechia vulvae” or “labial agglutination,” a closure of the opening to the vagina, may occur in the first few months of life or, even more rarely, at a later time.

  • Condition

    Meatal Stenosis

    A narrowing of the urethral opening (at the tip of the penis where urine comes out), sometimes causing the urine stream to be slow or aim upwards.

  • Condition

    Megameatus

    A condition in which the end of the urethra (the tube in the penis through which urine passes out of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis.

  • Condition

    Megaureter

    A megaureter is an expanded or widened ureter that does not function normally. The size of a megaureter is usually greater than 7 millimeters in diameter.

  • Condition

    Micropenis

    A micropenis, or microphallus, is a normally structured penis that is smaller than the normal size range for an infant. Learn more about

  • Condition

    Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney (MCDK)

    A condition that results from the malformation of the kidney during fetal development, consisting of irregular cysts of varying sizes that resemble a bunch of grapes.

  • Condition

    Neurogenic Bladder

    A complex condition in which the nerves and muscles of the bladder can’t work together, preventing the bladder and sphincter muscles from functioning properly.

  • Condition

    Pediatric Hernias

    A protrusion of tissue or an organ through an opening or weakness in the muscle wall that usually contains it. Infants can be born with them.

  • Condition

    Penile Skin Bridge - Penile Adhesions

    Can result from a procedure such as circumcision if the skin around the head of the penis is not retracted during healing, but can also occur in uncircumcised young boys.

  • Condition

    Posterior Urethral Valves

    Abnormal valves that prevent the normal release of urine, causing the kidneys and collecting systems to become overfilled and expanded.

  • Condition

    Prune Belly Syndrome

    Also called Eagle-Barrett syndrome or Obrinsky syndrome, characterized by poor development of abdominal muscles, undescended testicles, and urinary tract problems.

  • Condition

    Retractile Testes

    A testicle that moves in and out of the scrotum, instead of resting in the scrotum at all times.

  • Condition

    Rhabdomyosarcoma

    Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor in the soft tissues of the body. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Spermatocele (Epididymal Cyst)

    A small, harmless lump that occurs on top of one of the testes inside the scrotum. It occurs in the epididymis, the thin tube that connects the testis with the vas deferens.

  • Condition

    Spina Bifida

    A spinal column defect occurring in three forms: spina bifida occulta, which has no effect on function; meningocele; and myelomeningocele, the most serious kind.

  • Condition

    Testicular Torsion

    A medical emergency in which a boy’s testicle twists and is deprived of its blood supply; emergency surgery will usually be needed to save the testicle.

  • Condition

    Testicular Tumors - Testicular Cancer

    A lump or swelling in either testicle or pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum is not always cancer, but an evaluation should be made by a medical professional.

  • Condition

    Undescended Testes (Testicles; also Cryptorchidism)

    A condition in which a baby boy’s testes do not descend properly to the scrotum.

  • Condition

    Ureteral Duplication

    A condition in which one kidney has two ureters, each one drains separately into the bladder.

  • Condition

    Ureterocele

    A balloon-like malformation of the area where a ureter, the tube from the kidney, enters the bladder.

  • Condition

    Ureteropelvic Junction (UPJ) Obstruction

    A blockage occurring where the kidney’s urine collection system meets the ureter, the tube that carries urine to the bladder.

  • Condition

    Urethral Prolapse

    A condition in young girls wherein the end of the urethra protrudes outward from the urinary opening.

  • Condition

    Urinary Frequency & Urgency

    Also called overactive bladder, frequency of urination more than the usual seven times per day, and difficulty in delaying using the toilet.

  • Condition

    Urinary Tract Infections

    UTIs in children are infections of the urinary system and may involve just the bladder, or the bladder and the kidneys. Learn more about symptoms and treatment.

  • Condition

    Urogenital Sinus

    A rare abnormality in the development of bladder, urethra, and vagina during fetal growth, causing the urethra and vagina to continue to share the same channel.

  • Condition

    Vaginal Agenesis

    The incomplete development of the vagina, either shorter, nonexistent or simply a remnant of one.

  • Condition

    Varicoceles

    An excessive widening of the vein that drains blood from a testicle, acting like a varicose vein of the scrotum.

  • Condition

    Vesicoureteral Reflux

    A relatively common condition in which urine backs up from the bladder into the kidneys.

  • Condition

    Webbed Penis

    A condition, either present at birth or occasionally as a complication of circumcision, in which scrotum skin is attached too high on the underside of the penile shaft.

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