Stem Cell Conditions We Treat

Our physicians make every attempt to stay at the forefront of treatment advances, making sure they provide our patients with the best care possible. At Lurie Children’s, Stem Cell Transplant is used to treat various conditions, including but not limited to the list below. 

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An abnormal growth of cells, rapidly reproducing despite restriction of space, nutrients shared by other cells or signals sent from the body to stop reproduction.

Central Nervous System Tumors

Tumors of the brain and spinal cord; can be benign or malignant. CNS tumors are dangerous as any growth can affect the functioning of the nervous system tissues around it.

Chronic Granulomatous Disease

A disorder that causes the immune system to malfunction, resulting in a form of immunodeficiency, developing inflamed areas in parts of the body, causing tissue damage.

Fanconi Anemia

A bone-marrow-failure disorder that may cause deformities and abnormalities throughout the body.

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

A rare blood disorder, seen more often in children than adults, in which the body produces too many immune cells, which then attack the body’s own tissues and organs.

Hodgkin Lymphoma

A type of cancer in the lymphatic system, part of the immune system that functions to fight disease and infections. Hodgkin lymphoma cells can spread to other organs and tissue.


Cancer of the blood, beginning in the bone marrow, the soft, spongy center of the long bones that produces the three major blood cells: white, red, and platelets.


Disorders caused by the deficiency of an enzyme that breaks down mucopolysaccharides, which then accumulate in the tissues of the body, causing various symptoms.

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

A bone marrow disorder sometimes seen in younger patients. It is characterized by a failure of the bone marrow to produce mature healthy blood cells.


A cancerous tumor beginning in nerve tissue of infants and very young children, rare in children older than 10-years-old, but occasionally occurring in adults.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

A cancer in the lymphatic system, including three types: Lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin, Burkitt or non-Burkitt, and Large cell or non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Severe Aplastic Anemia

When bone marrow fails to produce enough blood cells because the stem cells that normally become the three types of blood cells (red, white and platelets) are damaged.