Sports Medicine Conditions

Our physicians make every attempt to stay at the forefront of treatment advances, making sure they provide o​ur patients with the best care possible. We take specialized and evidence-based approaches to diagnosing and treating children's sports injuries. The following is a list of many of the conditions we treat.

  • Condition

    Accessory Navicular

    An extra piece of bone attached to the navicular bone, located on the inside of the foot just above the arch.

  • Condition

    Achilles Tendonitis

    An inflammation of the Achilles tendon, the thick, fibrous, connective tissue that attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone.

  • Condition

    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

    An injury to a stabilizing ligament of the knee that keeps the tibia from sliding forward, especially with twisting or pivoting motions.

  • Condition

    Apophysitis of the Pelvis/Hip

    Irritation or inflammation of a growth plate, which provides a point for a muscle to attach to bone, most commonly affecting adolescents.

  • Condition

    Athlete Burnout

    A condition in which an athlete experiences fatigue and declining performance in his/her sport despite continuing or increased training.

  • Condition

    Bowed Legs (Genu Varum)

    Outward curve of the legs when sitting, standing or walking; normal in the first 12 months of life; occasionally due to abnormality of the growth plate at the top of the shinbone, or infection.

  • Condition

    Bunion Deformity (Juvenile Hallux Valgus)

    Occurring in children and adults, a bunion is the development of a large bump on the inside of the foot where the great toe meets the end of the foot.

  • Condition

    Clavicle Fracture/Broken Collar Bone

    The most frequently fractured bone during childhood, the clavicle is an S-shaped bone that connects the breastbone to the shoulder blade; most fractures occur in the middle of the bone.

  • Condition

    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

    Previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), is a chronic condition with pain out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury, typically getting worse with time.

  • Condition

    Concussion

    A concussion is a brain injury that temporarily changes the way the brain works. The symptoms can be subtle. Learn more about concussions in kids and teens.

  • Condition

    Developmental Coordination Disorder

    A disorder characterized by poor motor coordination that interferes with the child’s daily activities and academic achievements.

  • Condition

    Excessive Thoracic Kyphosis

    “Kyphosis” refers to the contour of the upper spine. Excessive thoracic kyphosis, a condition common in adolescents, gives people a “humpbacked” appearance.

  • Condition

    Exercise-Induced Asthma

    A condition triggered by physical activity, it causes the small breathing tubes to tighten, making it difficult for air to leave the lungs. Also called exercise-induced bronchospasm.

  • Condition

    Female Athlete Triad

    A syndrome consisting of three related conditions: disordered eating habits, irregular or absent menstrual periods, and osteopenia (thinning of the bones).

  • Condition

    Femoral Anteversion

    A common developmental problem in children, also called intoeing, where the top of the thigh bone (femur) is rotated, causing the foot to turn in.

  • Condition

    Foot & Ankle Pain

    Foot and ankle pain in kids can be symptoms of a variety of foot or ankle conditions. Learn more about potential causes of foot and ankle pain in children.

  • Condition

    Freiberg Infraction

    A condition affecting the metatarsal bones of the foot, most commonly the bone underneath the second toe. The rounded end or ‘head’ of the bone collapses and flattens.

  • Condition

    Growing Pains

    A common pain syndrome that occurs in children. Not a result of a disease or other condition, nor do they lead to any injury or damage to the bones or joints.

  • Condition

    Gymnast’s Wrist (Distal Radial Epiphysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate (epiphysis) at the end of the radius (forearm bone) where it connects to the hand to form the wrist.

  • Condition

    Heat Illness

    A group of conditions which occur when the body is heated at a high rate and cannot cool itself fast enough.

  • Condition

    High Ankle Sprain (Syndesmosis Sprain)

    An injury to the ligaments connecting the tibia and fibula just above the ankle joint. Compared to lateral ankle sprains, high ankle sprains are less common and longer to heal.

  • Condition

    Idiopathic Toe-walking

    Persistent walking on the toes or the balls of the feet, fairly common in kids who are learning to walk.

  • Condition

    Iliotibial (IT) Band Friction Syndrome

    One of the leading causes of knee pain in runners, occurs when this tendon gets irritated or inflamed from overuse, causing pain and snapping on the outside of the knee.

  • Condition

    Internal Snapping Hip Syndrome

    Snapping sound occurring with flexion or extension of the hip, coming from the tendon of the hip flexor muscle as it moves through its normal motion across the hip joint.

  • Condition

    Iselin Disease (Apophysitis of the Fifth Metatarsal)

    Painful irritation and inflammation of the apophysis (growth plate) at the base of the 5th metatarsal (foot bone), where one of the calf muscles inserts.

  • Condition

    Joint Hypermobility Syndrome

    Describing joints that easily move beyond the normal range. It is commonly called being ‘double-jointed,’ although these individuals do not have two separate joints.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans

    A disorder occurring in young people with growth plates not closed yet; a loosening of a piece of bone and the cartilage that covers it; can lead to early arthritis.

  • Condition

    Little League Elbow (Medial Epicondylar Apophysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate on the inner side of the elbow, occurring in young baseball players and in other sports where players throw often.

  • Condition

    Little League Shoulder (Proximal Humeral Epiphysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate in the upper arm bone, occurring most often in pitchers and other athletes who do repetitive overhead movements with their arms.

  • Condition

    Lymphadenopathy

    Lymphadenopathy is the swelling of the lymph nodes, which are the bean-shaped organs found in the underarm, groin, neck, chest and abdomen. Learn more about causes.

  • Condition

    Mallet Finger

    An injury involving the last joint of the finger caused either by injury to the extensor tendon or to the bone where it inserts. The extensor tendon straightens the last joint.

  • Condition

    Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

    Injury to one of the four major ligaments of the knee, connecting the thigh bone to the shinbone, typically by a blow to the outside of the knee or an inward twisting of the knee.

  • Condition

    Medial Epicondyle Avulsion Fracture

    An elbow injury that occurs most often in young baseball players. These fractures of the bony protrusion inside the elbow, are the most common elbow injury during adolescence.

  • Condition

    Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints)

    A condition that causes pain over the shin bone, the most common cause of “shin splints,” the general term used to describe sports-related pain over that bone.

  • Condition

    Meniscus Injuries

    Athletes most commonly tear the meniscus during a sudden twisting, pivoting, cutting or decelerating motion of the knee with the foot planted on the ground. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Metatarsal Stress Fractures

    Fractures occurring in the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones of the foot, usually caused by repetitive, high-impact, weight-bearing activities.

  • Condition

    Muscle Contusion

    An injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg, with the most commonly involved muscle being the quadriceps.

  • Condition

    Navicular Stress Fracture

    An overuse injury of one of the bones in the midfoot, resulting from too much repetitive stress placed on a bone, causing swelling, weakening and cracking.

  • Condition

    Os Trigonum Syndrome

    When a small bone in the back of the ankle and its tendons are injured, inflamed and painful by repeated pointing of the toes, as in soccer, basketball and dance.

  • Condition

    Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the top of the shin bone, where the patella tendon inserts, commonly occurring in children between 9 and 15.

  • Condition

    Panner Disease

    A condition affecting the growth plate at the end of the upper arm bone, in which it loses its blood supply and the nearby bone softens and collapses.

  • Condition

    Patella Tendonitis

    When the tendon connecting the kneecap to the shinbone and the tissues that surround it become irritated and painful from overuse, especially from jumping.

  • Condition

    Patellar Dislocation (Kneecap Dislocation)

    When the kneecap pops out of its usual place in the groove at the end of the thigh bone, often with sudden onset of pain and swelling.

  • Condition

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

    A common knee problem involving pain under and around the kneecap, usually in the soft-tissue supporting structures (patellar ligaments, bursae, and tendons).

  • Condition

    Plantar Fasciitis

    Inflammation and irritation of the plantar fascia, a band of tough, fibrous tissue that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot, providing support for the arch of the foot.

  • Condition

    Repetitive Shoulder Strain Injuries

    An injury caused by a task that is done repeatedly, such as prolonged manual wheelchair use, causing pain and injury of the upper extremities, especially the shoulders.

  • Condition

    Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

    Inflammation or irritation in the tendons of the shoulder joint, rare in children and adolescents.

  • Condition

    Salter-Harris I Fracture of the Distal Fibula

    A fracture that goes through the plane of the growth plate of the ankle, without injuring the mature bone, the mildest fracture that can occur to a growth plate.

  • Condition

    Scoliosis

    Scoliosis is a spine condition causing the back to curve to the side. Learn more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis in children.

  • Condition

    Sever Disease (Calcaneal Apophysitis)

    A painful irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the back of the heel bone, where the Achilles tendon connects.

  • Condition

    Shoulder Instability

    When the structures of the shoulder don’t hold the bones together tightly, allowing the humerus to partially slide out of its socket or come all the way out of its socket.

  • Condition

    Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Syndrome

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the bottom of the kneecap, where the patella tendon inserts.

  • Condition

    Skier's or Gamekeeper's Thumb

    An injury to the ulnar collateral ligament, which links the metacarpal bone at the base of the thumb with the middle thumb bone.

  • Condition

    Spinal Disc Herniation

    When some of the gel inside the disc has leaked from its outer covering, leading to irritation and possibly compression of the spinal cord itself.

  • Condition

    Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis

    Defects and resulting dislocations in the bones that make up the spinal column, typically causing pain and muscle spasms.

  • Condition

    Stinger or Burner Injury

    Two terms for the same condition, a stretching or pinching of one or more of the nerves branching off the spinal cord, causing tingling/numbness in arms and fingers.

  • Condition

    Tarsal Coalition

    An abnormal connection present between two of the bones of the foot near the ankle, leading to limited motion and pain in the foot.

  • Condition

    Tennis Elbow

    Also called lateral epicondylitis, an overuse injury to the tendons that originate at the outside of the elbow.

  • Condition

    Thigh Contusion

    Also called a muscle bruise, an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg.

  • Condition

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    A group of symptoms produced by pressure on the nerves and/or blood vessels as they pass through the space between the base of the neck and the armpit.

  • Condition

    Tibial Torsion (Twisting of the Shinbone)

    One cause of intoeing, a condition in which the shin bone is slightly twisted or rotated, causing the foot to turn in.

  • Condition

    Transient Synovitis Hip

    An irritation of the lining of the hip generally occurring in children between three and 12 years old.

  • Condition

    Turf Toe

    Also called first metatarsal-phalangeal joint sprain, an injury to the joint capsule and ligaments connecting the big toe to the foot, causing pain at the ball of the foot.

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