An orthosis is defined as an “externally applied device (brace) used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system” (ISPOint.org). An orthosis is provided by a person, called an orthotist, who specializes in evaluating, designing, fabricating, and modifying orthoses.
Upper extremity orthoses may encompass the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, or a combination of these body segments. These orthoses are often used to improve joint alignment, range of motion and/or functionality of the upper extremity. They can also be used to promote healing of fractures and surgical repairs. These orthoses are used to treat conditions such as:
Lower extremity orthoses may encompass the hip, knee, ankle, foot, or a combination of these body segments. These orthoses are used to improve or maintain range of motion, alignment, balance, and endurance. These orthoses are used to treat conditions such as:
Cervical orthoses (COs), thoracic lumbar sacral orthoses (TLSOs) and lumbar sacral orthoses (LSOs) are used to treat children with various spinal conditions. These orthoses support the spine and pelvis if necessary, to treat conditions such as: