A cystogram is a test used to find reflux. Special pictures are taken after a medicine is injected into a catheter that is placed into your child's bladder. The medicine is called a radiopharmaceutical (a tiny amount of a radioactive liquid). The pictures show the medicine in the bladder and ureters.
Before coming to the hospital, explain to your child what will happen during the test to the best of your ability. For young children, use simple words and explain only shortly before the test.
There are no eating or drinking restrictions for this test.
If your child is an infant, it is helpful to bring along a bottle of formula or juice with you for after the test. It is also recommended that you bring a pacifier, blanket or special toy to help calm your baby.
For older children, it is helpful to bring a book, toy or DVD to play with while waiting. It is helpful to have another caregiver for your child's siblings. For young children or babies, it is a good idea to bring a stroller.
A technologist will place a catheter into your child's bladder. It is possible that they may experience some discomfort during insertion of the catheter. Please tell the doctor, nurse or technologist if pain occurs.
After the catheter has been inserted, the child will lie on a soft table and the technologist will inject the medicine into the catheter and begin taking pictures. Your child may need a safety belt to help lie still.
The pictures will take at least one hour. During this time, they may watch a DVD or take a bottle, the camera will not hurt or touch your child. You will be able to stay with them during the entire test.
The child eliminates the medicine from their body by urinating. They should drink plenty of fluids and urinate often to help clear it from his body. It should be completely out of their body within 24 hours.
As always, you and your child should wash your hands after he urinates or when handling urine-soaked diapers or sheets. After the test, your child may return to regular daily activities and meals.
Results of the test will be available to your child's doctor within 24 hours.
The pictures will be taken by a Siemens ECam. The open gantry design and feet-in imaging helps your child to feel more comfortable and allows them to watch a movie. The camera has two detectors, one which will be above your child and one which will be under them during the pictures.