Several genetic conditions result in malformations in parts of the face, head and jaw. Sometimes these conditions are only cosmetic and do not affect function for the child. With other malformations, breathing, eating, hearing and vision may be affected. Examples of these are hypo- and hypertelorism (too little or too much space between the eyes), cleft nose or palate, encephalocele (an opening in the skull allowing the brain to protrude) and epicanthal folds (extra eyelid tissue).
With the help of orthopedic and plastic surgeons, surgical options are available to repair and reconstruct these abnormalities. Procedures will be performed in stages to match the child’s growth patterns.