Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (also called upper endoscopy) is a procedure that allows the physician to look at the inside of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. A thin, flexible, lighted tube called an endoscope is guided into the mouth and throat, then into the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. The endoscope allows the physician to view the inside of this area of the body, as well as insert instruments through the scope for the removal of a sample of tissue for biopsy.
Colonoscopy is a procedure that allows the physician to view the entire length of the large intestine and can often help identify abnormal growths, inflamed tissue, ulcers and bleeding. The colonoscope allows the physician to see the lining of the colon, remove tissue for further examination and potentially treat problems that are discovered.
Capsule endoscopy uses a tiny wireless camera to take pictures of the digestive tract. The camera is the size of a large capsule and can either be swallowed or endoscopically placed inside the patient. This technique is very valuable in examining the small intestine, an area that is not easily accessed by current endoscopes. Although it is not a substitute for a colonoscopy or an upper endoscopy, it is a safe method to find out more about your child’s small intestine and to determine the best course of management.
Transnasal Endoscopy (TNE)
Transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is a quick procedure that enables your physician to look at the esophagus and obtain biopsies from the esophagus without the requirement of anesthesia. While your child uses virtual reality goggles, your physician will use a special scope that is inserted through the nose to the esophagus to obtain biopsies.
Single Balloon Enteroscopy
Single balloon enteroscopy is a procedure that enables your physician to access much further into the small intestine than conventional endoscopy. Using a special balloon device, the physician is able to reach areas of the small intestine that are often difficult. The physician can obtain specimens for diagnosis and can also treat problems, such as bleeding and polyps, in that part of the intestine.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a special scope that is used to evaluate the bile ducts coming from the liver and the pancreas. This scope can be used for diagnosis of diseases of the bile ducts and pancreas. Additionally, it can be used for therapy of these diseases, including gall stones, that may be obstructing the bile duct.
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) is a special ultrasound procedure in which an ultrasound probe is placed on the end of the endoscope. This can be used to diagnose diseases in the bile ducts and pancreas. This procedure is often used in conjunction with ERCP.