A chalazion is a painless persistent granuloma (a "bump" or swelling) of the upper or lower eyelid.
It is caused by a blockage of one of the glands in the eyelid. Swelling may also occur in other parts of the eye due to a secondary infection.
The following are the most common symptoms of a chalazion. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
If the initial chalazion becomes infected, the entire lid may become swollen and painful.
A chalazion is usually diagnosed based on a complete medical history and physical examination of your child. Additional tests are usually not required to assist in diagnosis.
A chalazion is sometimes confused with a stye, which is a painful infection involving the hair follicles of the eyelashes or one of the glands in the eyelid. A stye often includes a purulent (pus) discharge. The treatment for a chalazion and a stye are similar.
Specific treatment for a chalazion will be determined by your child's physician based on:
Treatment may include:
Surgery may be needed to remove the chalazion if symptoms do not improve.