What Causes Cataracts?
A child may be born with the disease (congenital), or it may develop later in life (acquired). Possible causes of cataracts include the following:
- Steroid use
- Other childhood diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Complications from other eye diseases, such as glaucoma
The majority of congenital cataracts (those present at birth) are present in children who also have other eye problems or other health problems. In approximately 25% of children born with congenital cataracts, the condition is due to a genetic cause such as a metabolic disorder (caused by an inherited enzyme deficiency) or a chromosome abnormality (e.g. Down syndrome).