Bones are very strong, yet are somewhat flexible, like wood. However, under enough stress or pressure, they will break. There are several kinds of bone fractures:
- Complete fracture — when the bone breaks into two pieces
- Greenstick fracture — when it cracks only on one side
- Single fracture — a break in only one place
- Comminuted fracture — when the bone breaks into more than two pieces or is crushed
- Bowing fracture — only in children, the bone bends but doesn’t break
- Open fracture — when the broken bone sticks through the skin.
Fractures are accompanied by either sharp or dull pain and may cause symptoms of shock. Do not move the affected area and seek professional medical treatment immediately.