What is ALCAPA?
As its name suggests, ALCAPA is a problem with the left coronary artery. In a healthy heart, this artery comes from the aorta. With ALCAPA, the left coronary artery instead comes from the pulmonary artery.
This causes several problems.
First, having the arteries connected this way means oxygenated blood isn’t flowing to the heart muscle the way it should. This can lead to a heart attack. Without oxygenated blood, the heart becomes damaged. Ultimately, a damaged heart can’t do its job of pumping blood throughout the body. This can lead to heart failure.
A child with ALCAPA needs treatment immediately.