What is the Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis?
The most important step to manage allergic rhinitis is to avoid the allergens that cause your child’s symptoms. For example, if your child is allergic to tree pollen, it is important to take steps to avoid exposure to the pollen. Tree pollen is highest during the spring so you would be advised to limit outdoor activities during the time when the pollen count is highest and to sleep with windows closed in the bedroom, if possible. Our allergists and nurses take their time to help you learn how to successfully avoid your allergens. It can be very difficult to avoid your child's allergens. In the case that it is not possible to fully avoid the allergen or your child still has symptoms while avoiding the allergen, there are medications that can help to control their symptoms.
One medicine that helps to decrease allergic rhinitis symptoms is a nasal steroid spray. Other medications that can decrease your child’s symptoms are antihistamines or anti-leukotrienes. They can decrease the symptoms of allergic rhinitis in some children. If your child’s allergy symptoms are difficult to control, your allergist may recommend allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots). Immunotherapy can make your child less sensitive to their allergens. It may involve a series of injections or, in a few cases, medication that is given under the tongue (sublingual immunotherapy). Immunotherapy is especially helpful in cases of seasonal allergic rhinitis or in children with asthma when their asthma is made worse by certain pollens, dust mites, or mold.