Our Specialties & Conditions

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  • Condition

    2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

    An outbreak of a novel coronavirus (also called 2019-nCoV or Covid ) recently began in Wuhan, China. It is a new type of coronavirus not previously known to cause disease in humans. Read more.

  • Condition

    22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome

    A genetic disorder caused by the partial deletion of genetic material on one copy of a person’s chromosome 22.

  • Program

    4GUT Program

    The Lurie Children’s 4GUT Program combines the expertise of both pediatric surgery and pediatric gastroenterology to help assess and manage patients with complex disorders of the foregut. Learn more.

  • Condition

    5-alpha Reductase Deficiency

    A deficiency causing fetuses to develop with what are called “ambiguous genitalia,” not clearly male or female.

  • Condition

    Abdominal Pain

    Children's abdominal pain is one of the most common gastrointestinal issues, especially in kids under 11. Learn more about the causes of abdominal pain

  • Condition

    Accessory Navicular

    An extra piece of bone attached to the navicular bone, located on the inside of the foot just above the arch.

  • Condition

    Achalasia

    A disorder of the esophagus, impairing the ability to push food down toward the stomach.

  • Condition

    Achilles Tendonitis

    An inflammation of the Achilles tendon, the thick, fibrous, connective tissue that attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone.

  • Condition

    Acne

    Pimples with redness and discomfort caused by hair follicles becoming plugged with dead skin cells, sebum and bacteria.

  • Condition

    Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)

    Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare but serious condition that affects the nervous system.

  • Condition

    Adjustment Disorders

    Adjustment disorder in children is common and is characterized by an excessive reaction to stress. Learn more about adjustment disorder symptoms & treatment here.

  • Program

    Adolescent & Young Adult Cancer Program

    Lurie Children's Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders launched the Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Program to provide top-quality care to adolescents using our pediatric protocols.

  • Specialty

    Adolescent & Young Adult Medicine

    The Potocsnak Family Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine provides medical and mental health services for children and adolescents up to age 25, including primary care, behavioral health, and gender development care.

  • Program

    Adolescent Behavioral Health Program

    The behavioral health services in the Division of Adolescent Medicine aim to provide psychological assessment, psychotherapy and psychiatric care in select subspecialty services and programs.

  • Program

    Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program

    When children with congenital heart disease become adults, they need to see adult congenital heart disease specialists. Lurie Children’s has an ACHD program.

  • Specialty

    Advanced General Pediatrics & Primary Care

    Lurie Children's Division of Advanced General Pediatrics and Primary Care offers primary care medicine and a broad range of pediatric specialties related to a child's environment and general well-being.

  • Program

    Aerodigestive Program

    A multi-disciplinary team of specialists in Lurie Children’s Aerodigestive Program treat diseases of the respiratory and upper digestive tract, including the lips, mouth, tongue, nose, throat, vocal cords, esophagus and windpipe.

  • Condition

    Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum

    The corpus callosum — a collection of many millions of nerve fibers in the middle of the brain — is the largest connection between the two sides of the brain, or hemispheres. Agenesis (absence) of the corpus callosum is a condition in which this structure is either partially or completely missing. Read more.

  • Condition

    Allergic Rhinitis

    An inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the nose, often due to an allergy to pollen, dust or other airborne substances.

  • Program

    Allergic Rhinitis Program

    Our experts provide thorough evaluation and comprehensive testing for allergic rhinitis, including education on avoiding common allergens and extensive treatment options.

  • Condition

    Allergies

    An acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance and can cause a broad range of inflammatory reactions.

  • Specialty

    Allergy & Immunology

    The Division of Allergy and Immunology treats more children for allergies and asthma than any other hospital in Illinois, with allergist/immunologists who are leaders in their field.

  • Condition

    Alopecia Areata

    Condition characterized by loss of hair, usually in a localized patch or multiple patches, due to immune attack on the hair follicles.

  • Condition

    Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

    Amblyopia is when your child’s brain is not fully learning how to use one or both of the eyes. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Amniotic Band Birth Defects

    A group of birth defects thought to have a common origin in a malfunction of the amnion part of the pregnancy membranes.

  • Condition

    Anemia

    A lower than the normal number of red blood cells, which carry oxygen from the lungs and distribute it throughout the entire body.

  • Specialty

    Anesthesiology

    The board certified pediatric anesthesiologists at Lurie Children's use the highest safety standards when administering anesthesia to children.

  • Condition

    Aneurysmal Bone Cysts (ABCs)

    Learn about aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs), benign yet destructive tumors commonly found in knees, pelvis, or spine, mainly affecting children and adolescents​.

  • Condition

    Anomalous Aortic Origin of the Coronary Artery (AAOCA)

    A congenital heart defect in which one of the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle is not attached in the normal position.

  • Condition

    Anomalous Left Coronary Artery Arising from the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA)

    Anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare pediatric heart condition that Lurie Children’s treats.

  • Condition

    Anorectal Malformations

    Abnormal position of the anus, rectum, lower spinal cord, and the genitourinary tract.

  • Condition

    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

    An injury to a stabilizing ligament of the knee that keeps the tibia from sliding forward, especially with twisting or pivoting motions.

  • Condition

    Antibody Deficiency

    A lack of antibodies in the blood creating conditions where the body does not respond normally to foreign substances in the body.

  • Condition

    Anxiety

    A normal stress reaction to our surroundings, triggering the body to physically and mentally prepare for possible danger.

  • Condition

    Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Aortic valve stenosis (also referred to as aortic stenosis) occurs when the aortic valve is narrowed or thickened and causes obstruction. Learn more.

  • Program

    Aortic Valve Stenosis Program

    Our Aortic Valve Stenosis Program includes a multidisciplinary team of experts dedicated to working with families to provide the best, individualized treatment to all children with aortic valve stenosis. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Aortopathy (Dilated Root & Abnormalities of the Aorta)

    Any disease of the aorta, the main artery taking oxygenated blood from the left side of the heart to the arteries of all limbs and organs.

  • Condition

    Apophysitis of the Pelvis/Hip

    Irritation or inflammation of a growth plate, which provides a point for a muscle to attach to bone, most commonly affecting adolescents.

  • Condition

    Appendicitis

    An infection or inflammation of the appendix, a pinkie-sized organ at the junction of the small and large intestines.

  • Program

    Aquatic Therapy Program

    The aquatic therapy program is a great supplement to land therapy to help children meet their strength, range of motion/flexibility, balance, coordination, endurance, and walking goals. Learn More.

  • Condition

    Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC)

    ARVC is a rare, heart condition linked to sudden death. We’re experts at genetic diagnosis and treatment for children and families with ARVC.

  • Condition

    Arterial Tortuosity Syndrome

    A rare disease affecting the connective tissue of the body, causing abnormal twists and turns in the arteries.

  • Condition

    Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC)

    Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is a syndrome of multiple joint contractures and webbing because of decreased movement in utero. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Asthma

    Asthma is common chronic illness in children, with symptoms such as cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and more. Learn more about children's asthma.

  • Program

    Asthma Program

    Lurie Children’s Asthma Program treats more kids with asthma than any other area hospital or medical center. Learn more about available treatment options.

  • Condition

    Ataxia

    Pediatric ataxia is an abnormal performance of voluntary acts, especially abnormal walking. Learn more about types, causes, and treatment.

  • Condition

    Athlete Burnout

    A condition in which an athlete experiences fatigue and declining performance in his/her sport despite continuing or increased training.

  • Condition

    Atrial Septal Defect

    An opening between the heart's two upper chambers, which lets some blood from the left atrium return to the right atrium instead of flowing to the body.

  • Condition

    Atrioventricular Canal

    When the common valve between the upper and lower chambers doesn't close properly, allowing blood to leak backward from the heart's lower chambers to the upper ones.

  • Condition

    Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

    A type of ADHD not combined with extreme physical activity, characterized by a lack of working memory, language problems, slow reaction times, low motivation, boredom, and low arousal.

  • Condition

    Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

    A condition used to describe children, adolescents and some adults who are inattentive, easily distracted, hyperactive and impulsive in their behavior.

  • Condition

    Atypical Genitalia (Differences of Sex Development)

    A fetus may develop along a path that is not the typical one for a boy or a girl. When sex development follows a less common path, the result is a difference of sex development.

  • Condition

    Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    An extremely rare disease causing clots in the blood vessels of the kidneys, which can restrict blood flow causing kidney damage and ultimately kidney failure.

  • Specialty

    Audiology

    The certified pediatric audiologists at Lurie Children's specialize in early diagnosis and care for children who are hard of hearing.

  • Program

    Aural (Re)Habilitation Therapy Program

    Lurie Children's Aural (Re)Habilitation Therapy Program therapists specialize in helping children with hearing loss maximize the benefit they receive from their hearing aids or cochlear implants.

  • Condition

    Autism

    A neurological and developmental disorder appearing during the first three years of life that affects communication, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play.

  • Condition

    Autism Spectrum Disorder

    A range of symptoms, skills, and disability levels, including Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).

  • Condition

    Autoimmune Disorders of the Brain & Peripheral Nervous System

    Disorders occurring when the body’s immune system attacks the brain, spinal cord and/or the nerves of the trunk, arms and legs, causing them to lose the ability to transmit signals.

  • Condition

    Autonomic Disorders

    Disorders resulting in a failure of the various bodily functioning normally controlled by the autonomic (or “involuntary”) nervous system or their excessive or overactive functioning.

  • Specialty

    Autonomic Medicine

    Lurie Children's Center for Autonomic Medicine is an interdisciplinary program studying diseases of the autonomic nervous system, which regulates breathing, body temperature, heart-rate, blood pressure, gut motility and more.

  • Condition

    Baby Bottle Tooth Decay/Nursing Caries

    A condition, sometimes referred to as “bottle mouth,” indicated by discoloration and pitting of the front teeth, occuring when infants are allowed to sleep with a bottle.

  • Condition

    Back Pain

    A common complaint, affecting 8 in 10 individuals during their lives, ranging from dull and constant to sharp and sudden, known as “chronic” if lasting more than three months and “acute” if less.

  • Program

    Bariatric Surgery Program

    The Pediatric Bariatric Surgery Program offers a solution that resolves over 80% of patients' weight-related health issues. Learn more at Lurie Children's.

  • Condition

    Batten Disease

    A group of diseases including late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, a neurodegenerative disease causing cognitive impairment, vision loss, seizures and poor motor function.

  • Condition

    Benign (Noncancerous) Brain Tumors

    Slow-growing tumors not likely to spread, which can often be treated and/or removed. Though called “benign,” can still cause severe pain, brain damage, and do occasionally become malignant.

  • Condition

    Bicuspid Aortic Valve

    Most common form of congenital heart disease, the valve is malformed and opens abnormally, becomes obstructed, or leaks, increasing the risk of an enlarged aorta, aneurysm, dissection, or rupture.

  • Program

    Bicuspid Aortic Valve Program

    Lurie Children’s cares for more than 100 infants, children and teenagers with bicuspid aortic valve disease, the most common form of congenital heart disease.

  • Condition

    Biliary Atresia

    Biliary atresia is a chronic liver disease where bile ducts of the liver are blocked, causing damage and loss of vital body functions. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Binder's Syndrome

    A rare congenital condition, also known as maxillonasal dysplasia, in which the bones of the face are underdeveloped, causing a sunken mid-face and an extremely flattened nose.

  • Condition

    Black Eye (Ecchymosis)

    Usually occurring from some type of trauma to the eye, causing the tissue around the eye to become bruised.

  • Program

    Bladder and Cloacal Exstrophy Program

    Combining the expertise of multiple surgeons with extensive experience in complex reconstructive genitourinary surgery provides a unique approach to tackle bladder and cloacal exstrophy.

  • Condition

    Bladder Exstrophy

    A severe deformity of the bladder requiring major reconstructive surgery at delivery.

  • Program

    Bladder Function Improvement Training (BFIT) Program

    The BFIT program at Lurie Children's is a comprehensive approach to managing dysfunctional urinating and nighttime wetting.

  • Condition

    Bladder Stones (Calculi)

    Deposits of minerals such as calcium and magnesium that crystallize, sometimes causing severe pain in the lower abdomen and back, difficult or frequent urination, blood in the urine, and fever.

  • Condition

    Blepharitis (Chalazion, Hordeolum/Stye)

    Blepharitis is an inflammation in the meibomian glands in the eyelids and eyelashes. Read more.

  • Condition

    Blistering Skin Disorders

    Also called vesicles or bullae, small patches of separated skin layers, with fluid between them, most commonly caused by friction. Can also be reaction to heat, chemical, and allergic reaction.

  • Condition

    Blocked Tear Ducts (Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction)

    A blocked tear duct occurs when the tears can not drain properly from your eyes.  Learn more.

  • Condition

    Blood inside the Eye (Hyphema)

    A hyphema is blood in the front section of the eye (anterior chamber). Learn more.

  • Program

    Bone Health Program

    Lurie Children’s Bone Health Program treats children and adolescents for a wide range of bone disorders including genetic and metabolic conditions. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Bone Marrow Failure

    Occurring when the marrow ceases to produce enough white blood cells to fight infection, platelets to stop bleeding, and red blood cells to provide oxygen to the body.

  • Treatment

    Bone-Anchored Hearing Device

    The bone-anchored hearing device (BAHA, for its original name, the bone-anchored hearing aid) is an implant system for children and adults who have conductive (middle ear) hearing loss and cannot be successfully fit with hearing aids.

  • Condition

    Botulism

    Disease caused by a nerve toxin formed from a germ called Clostridium botulinum, which is found in soil, characterized differently by its means of exposure.

  • Condition

    Bowed Legs (Genu Varum)

    Outward curve of the legs when sitting, standing or walking; normal in the first 12 months of life; occasionally due to abnormality of the growth plate at the top of the shinbone, or infection.

  • Condition

    Boxer Fracture

    A break in one of the metacarpal bones, forming the knuckles and connecting the finger bones to the wrist bone, usually involving the ring and little fingers.

  • Condition

    Brachial Plexus Injury

    Pediatric brachial plexus injuries are injuries to the major nerve group located in the neck and armpit, and impact function of the arm or hand. Learn more.

  • Program

    Brachial Plexus Program

    We offer Illinois's most comprehensive multidisciplinary program for infants and children with brachial plexus palsy, treating from birth through adolescence.

  • Program

    Brain Tumor Program

    Lurie Children’s Brain Tumor Center offers highly specialized, state-of the-art care for children with brain tumors​, the most common solid tumor diagnosed in children.

  • Condition

    Brain Tumors

    Abnormal growths of cells in the brain or central nervous system, classified by where they start from and whether they are benign or malignant.

  • Condition

    Branchial Cleft Abnormality

    An irregularity that occurs during fetal development that results in malformations in the side of the neck, appearing anywhere from the ear, along the line of the jaw, to the throat.

  • Condition

    Breast Abnormalities

    Including growth disturbances such as macromastia, breast asymmetry, breast enlargement in boys called gynecomastia, breast masses and extra nipples in both boys and girls.

  • Condition

    Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)/Chronic Lung Disease (CLD)

    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a condition that can develop in premature infants when their lungs are not fully developed, leading to breathing problems.

  • Program

    Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Program

    The Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) Program at Lurie Children's is dedicated to the care, investigation and outcomes of infants with chronic respiratory failure.

  • Condition

    Brucellosis

    An infectious disease caused by the group Brucella, primarily passed among animals, infecting humans when they come in contact with animals or animal products that are contaminated.

  • Condition

    Bunion Deformity (Juvenile Hallux Valgus)

    Occurring in children and adults, a bunion is the development of a large bump on the inside of the foot where the great toe meets the end of the foot.

  • Condition

    Buried (Concealed, Hidden) Penis

    Partially or completely concealed beneath the scrotum or excess skin or fat in the pubic area, typically of normal size and function.

  • Treatment

    Burn Care

    Lurie Children’s provides burn care for patients who arrive at the Kenneth and Anne Griffin Emergency Care Center with minor burns. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Burns

    Coming from many sources: scalds from steam, hot bath water, hot beverage spills, hot foods, cooking fluids, are the number one source. Other causes include flames and hot objects.

  • Condition

    Cancer

    An abnormal growth of cells, rapidly reproducing despite restriction of space, nutrients shared by other cells or signals sent from the body to stop reproduction.

  • Specialty

    Cancer & Blood Disorders

    Lurie Children's specializes in pediatric oncology, hematology, and neuro-oncology. Learn more about our cancer and blood disorder treatment services here.

  • Program

    Cancer Predisposition Program

    Lurie Children’s Cancer Predisposition Program provides comprehensive genetic counseling and testing services to pediatric oncology patients and families at risk of hereditary cancer syndromes.

  • Condition

    Capillary Malformation - Arteriovenous Malformation Syndrome (CM-AVM)

    An inherited syndrome, with a combination of both capillary and arteriovenous malformations, located in the soft tissue of the body or in the central nervous system.

  • Condition

    Capillary Malformation - Port Wine Stain

    Port wine stains (capillary malformations) are permanent, flat, pink, red, or purple birthmarks on the skin. Learn about causes and what treatments are available.

  • Program

    CAR T-Cell Therapy Program

    Lurie Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders offers a cutting-edge immunotherapy called chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, which uses the patient’s own immune system to fight cancer. CAR T-cell therapy is FDA approved to treat children and adolescents with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) that is resistant to...

  • Condition

    Cardiac Ablation

    Cardiac ablation is a treatment for children with arrhythmia, or an abnormal heart beat. We have excellent ablation outcomes and low complication rates.

  • Condition

    Cardiac Arrhythmias

    Our electrophysiologists diagnose and treat every kind of pediatric arrhythmia, including heartbeats that are too fast (tachycardia) or too slow (bradycardia).

  • Program

    Cardiac Imaging

    Lurie Children's is a leader in pediatric cardiac imaging, performing more than 18,000 echocardiograms and 2,000 fetal echos annually to diagnose heart conditions.

  • Condition

    Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome (CFC)

    What Is Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome? Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFC) is a genetic condition that is part of a larger group of conditions called RASopathies. RASopathies arise when something goes wrong in a pathway involved in the way the cells of our bodies communicate the information they need to function properly. Since the cells of our...

  • Specialty

    Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery

    The pediatric cardiologists and cardiac surgeons at Lurie Children's Heart Center are highly skilled in treating complex heart conditions in children. Learn more.

  • Program

    Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery Second Opinion Program

    Our cardiac second opinion program offers second opinions to parents of children diagnosed with serious heart conditions. Learn more about your options here.

  • Condition

    Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomyopathy can appear suddenly (acute) or can be present for many years or even since birth (chronic/congenital), and can lead to heart failure. Learn more here.

  • Program

    Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Program

    Lurie Children’s team of respiratory therapists, physical therapists and occupational therapist work together to ensure the best outcomes for patients after treatment for heart and lung injury, disease or malformation.

  • Program

    Cardiovascular Bridge Program

    The Cardiovascular Bridge Program at Lurie Children’s Heart Center works with patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease in transition to the Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute at Northwestern Medicine.

  • Program

    Cardiovascular Genetics Clinic

    Lurie Children's Cardiovascular Genetics Clinic, with experts in pediatric and adult cardiology, as well as genetics, is designed to evaluate and treat families with genetic heart disease.

  • Program

    Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgery

    Our cardiothoracic surgery team provides comprehensive surgical care for all congenital and acquired cardiac defects. Learn about pediatric heart surgery here.

  • Condition

    Cataracts

    A clouding or opaque area over the lens of the eye, preventing light passing through the lens to the retina, the light-sensitive lining in the back of the eye (uncommon in children).

  • Condition

    Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT)

    CPVT is a rare heart condition linked to rhythm problems and sudden death. We’re experts at genetic diagnosis and treating children and families with CPVT.

  • Condition

    Cavernoma

    Clusters of abnormally dilated thin-walled blood vessels, most often found in the brain and spinal cord; risk of hemorrhage over a lifetime is related to the location and number of clusters.

  • Condition

    Celiac Disease

    Also called celiac sprue or gluten sensitive enteropathy, a sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in all forms of wheat, oats, barley and rye.

  • Condition

    Cellulitis

    Cellulitis is a skin infection that can affect children of all ages. It's caused by bacteria that enter the skin through a break in the skin. Learn more here.

  • Program

    Center for Childhood Resilience

    Lurie Children's Center for Childhood Resilience is dedicated to promoting access to high-quality mental health services for children and adolescents across Illinois and nationwide.

  • Treatment

    Central Line Care

    If your child has a central line, it's important to know how to properly care for it. Learn more about how to change the dressing and flush a central line.

  • Condition

    Central Nervous System Tumors

    Tumors of the brain and spinal cord; can be benign or malignant. CNS tumors are dangerous as any growth can affect the functioning of the nervous system tissues around it.

  • Condition

    Cerebral Aneurysm

    A weak or thin spot on a blood vessel in the brain that balloons out and fills with blood; can occur anywhere in the brain; more common in adults than in children.

  • Condition

    Cerebral Palsy

    A group of neurological (brain) disorders; a life-long condition affecting communication between the brain and the muscles, causing uncoordinated movement and posturing.

  • Condition

    Chalazion

    A painless persistent bump or swelling of the upper or lower eyelid, caused by a blockage of one of the glands in the eyelid. Treatment for a chalazion and a stye are similar.

  • Condition

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

    Children with CMT disease may have difficulty with walking and navigating stairs, decreased endurance, trouble fastening buttons, writing or sustaining a grip on objects.

  • Condition

    Chemical Burns of the Eye

    A medical emergency, the child should receive immediate medical care as chemical burns can result in a loss of vision and even a loss of the eye itself, if not treated promptly.

  • Condition

    Cherubism

    A rare, early childhood condition where cheeks appear rounded and swollen; caused by cyst-like growths in the upper and lower jaw; may cause vision, breathing, speech, and swallowing issues.

  • Condition

    Chest & Mediastinal Masses

    Rare cysts and tumors forming between the sternum and the spinal column. In infants and young children, often form in the back of the mediastinum and are more often benign.

  • Condition

    Chest Pain

    Chest pain in children and teenagers is most commonly musculoskeletal, pulmonary, or idiopathic. It is rarely due to cardiac disease. Learn more about here.

  • Program

    Chest Wall Deformities Program

    Lurie Children’s Chest Wall Deformities Program offers comprehensive care for children with chest wall abnormalities such as pectus excavatum (sunken chest) and pectus carinatum (pigeon chest).

  • Condition

    Chiari Malformations

    Defect in the back of the skull where the brain meets the spinal column, allowing a part of the cerebellum, the lowest portion of the brain, to protrude into the spinal column.

  • Specialty

    Chicago Area Pediatrics

    Overview At Chicago Area Pediatrics, we provide comprehensive primary care with the accessibility and ease of a small-town doctor’s office. Conveniently located in Evanston, we see children from all around the city and the North Shore. For a century, we have provided a caring environment your family can call home. Primary Care Services Newborn...

  • Program

    Chicago Children’s Advocacy Center (CCAC) Clinic Partnership

    The Chicago Children’s Advocacy Center (CCAC) is partnering with Lurie Children’s to provide services for children that may have suffered sexual abuse or other serious maltreatment. This partnership with the Protective Services Team at Lurie Children’s will help link families to additional resources. The CCAC Clinic provides a wide range of...

  • Condition

    Child Abuse

    "Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation"

  • Specialty

    Child Abuse Pediatrics

    Lurie Children's specializes in child abuse prevention, treatment and research by collaborating with social services in the community.

  • Condition

    Childhood Behavior Problems

    Arguing, aggression, anger, and defiance are normal during growing years. However, a behavioral disorder may be diagnosed when disruptive behaviors last longer or become severe.

  • Condition

    Childhood Glaucoma

    A condition where the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises — which normally flows in and out of the eye — not draining properly.

  • Condition

    Childhood Heart Disease & Congenital Heart Defects

    Childhood heart conditions can range from the most common to the most complex. Learn more about types of heart disease in children, signs, treatment and more.

  • Condition

    Cholestasis

    A condition in which bile is not properly transported from the liver to the small intestine, which can be caused by several childhood diseases.

  • Condition

    Cholesteatoma

    Cholesteatoma (pronounced co-les-tee-ah-tow-mah) is a benign growth that must be removed because it damages the ear and may cause serious complications. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Chordee

    A condition where the penis curves in a downward direction, typically developing while the child is still in the womb. Severe cases can impact the functioning of the penis.

  • Condition

    Chorea

    A movement disorder where muscles of the face, arms and hands involuntarily contract in a random, uncontrolled way. There are two types of chorea, Huntington’s and Sydenham’s.

  • Condition

    Chronic Cough

    A cough lasting for eight weeks or longer. Sometimes accompanied by a stuffy nose, excessive mucus in the throat, shortness of breath, wheezing, or heartburn.

  • Condition

    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    When fatigue persists longer than six months, has no obvious cause and is associated with complaints such as “mental fogginess,” a sense of not feeling well after exertion or sleep.

  • Program

    Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) Program

    Lurie Children’s Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) Program is well-equipped to treat this serious condition, a known complication of allogeneic stem cell transplant.

  • Condition

    Chronic Granulomatous Disease

    A disorder that causes the immune system to malfunction, resulting in a form of immunodeficiency, developing inflamed areas in parts of the body, causing tissue damage.

  • Condition

    Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children prevents the kidneys from properly filtering wastes out of blood. Learn more about causes, symptoms and treatment.

  • Condition

    Chronic Pain

    Chronic pain in children often involves headache, abdominal pain, chest pain, neuropathic pain, back pain or cancer pain.

  • Program

    Chronic Pain Treatment Program

    Lurie Children's Chronic Pain Treatment Program is one of the nation's leading programs for innovative pain medicine evaluation and treatment of children.

  • Condition

    Circadian Rhythm Disorders

    Circadian rhythm disorders (circadian rhythm sleep disorders or circadian sleep disorders) are abnormalities in the regular day-night/sleep-wake cycle.

  • Program

    Circumcision

    The Newborn Circumcision Clinic at Lurie Children’s offers expert surgical skills to perform the circumcision and detailed follow-up care. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Clavicle Fracture/Broken Collar Bone

    The most frequently fractured bone during childhood, the clavicle is an S-shaped bone that connects the breastbone to the shoulder blade; most fractures occur in the middle of the bone.

  • Condition

    Cleft Lip & Cleft Palate

    Cleft lip or cleft palate is a condition in which parts of the lip and/or palate (the roof of the mouth) do not develop properly early in a pregnancy. Learn more.

  • Program

    Cleft Lip & Palate Repair Program

    Our multidisciplinary team lead by plastic surgeons provides a full spectrum of care to children with cleft lip and cleft palate from birth through adulthood.

  • Program

    Cleft Palate Speech & Resonance Program

    Lurie Children’s Pediatric Speech-Resonance Team is a multidisciplinary program specializing in the evaluation and treatment of children with resonance disorders.

  • Treatment

    Clinical Neurophysiology Laboratory

    Specialists from Lurie Children’s Division of Neurology analyze and monitor the nervous system function of patients with neurological diseases and conditions to optimize treatment.

  • Condition

    Cloacal Anomalies

    Congenital malformations of the female genitourinary and anorectal anatomy. The most common is persistent cloaca where openings to the bladder, vagina, and rectum are fused.

  • Condition

    CLOVES Syndrome

    One of a group of syndromes known as overgrowth syndromes. CLOVES is an acronym and each letter represents a characteristic seen in the syndrome.

  • Condition

    Clubfoot

    A foot deformity in which the foot is twisted and bent. Detected at birth, it affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels and can affect one or both feet.

  • Program

    Clubfoot Program

    Lurie Children’s offers a comprehensive and multidisciplinary program for clubfoot, a congenital condition that can affect one or both feet in newborns.

  • Condition

    Coarctation of the Aorta

    Coarctation of the aorta occurs when the aorta is pinched or constricted. This constriction is usually occurs between the upper and lower half of the body.

  • Program

    Cochlear Implant Program

    Lurie Children’s Cochlear Implant Program is one of the largest pediatric implant and most experienced programs in the world, performing more than 1,000 cochlear procedures since 1991.

  • Condition

    Colic

    A problem affecting some babies during the first three to four months of life; prolonged or excessive crying in an infant who is otherwise well.

  • Program

    Collaborative Advanced Reconstructive Evaluation (CARE) Clinic

    Many children, adolescents and women require evaluation and care for congenital anomalies and acquired diseases of the genitourinary tract. These patients have unique urologic, reproductive, obstetric and gynecologic needs. Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and Northwestern Medicine have established a clinic in which providers...

  • Program

    Colorectal Center

    The Colorectal Center treats colorectal conditions, Hirschsprung's disease, anorectal malformations and associated spinal cord anomalies. Learn how we can help.

  • Condition

    Combined Immunodeficiency

    A group of rare disorders, caused by a genetic mutation, making newborns very susceptible to severe infections, though they appear healthy at birth.

  • Condition

    Complement Deficiency

    A rare genetic disorder that causes the immune system to malfunction, causing individuals not to be able to fight off infections from bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

  • Condition

    Complete or Partial Gonadal Dysgenesis

    A congenital disorder affecting the development of external genitalia, from genetically male individuals having either nearly complete female genitalia or nearly complete male genitalia.

  • Program

    Complex Care Program

    Our team – made up of doctors, nurses, and care coordinators – is committed to providing children with medical complexity with the best comprehensive health care through partnership with their primary care medical home and sub-specialty providers. Our program serves patients that have complex chronic medical conditions that require multiple...

  • Program

    Complex Congenital Heart Disease Care Center

    Lurie Children’s Complex Congenital Heart Disease Care Center offers a multidisciplinary approach to care for children with a wide range of complex congenital heart defects.

  • Program

    Complex Movement Disorders Program

    Lurie Children’s Pediatric Complex Movement Disorders Program provides comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of disorders leading to too much movement, too little movement or problems with balance and coordination.

  • Condition

    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

    Previously known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), is a chronic condition with pain out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury, typically getting worse with time.

  • Program

    Comprehensive Chronic Abdominal Pain Program

    Abdominal pain impacts many kids and teenagers and is one of the most common reasons for referral to pediatric gastroenterology – accounting for almost 50% of all referrals. Learn more about treatment offered through Lurie Children's Chronic Abdominal Pain Program.

  • Program

    Comprehensive Hepatobiliary Surgical Program

    Learn more about the Hepatobiliary Surgical Program at Lurie Children's, one of the world's premier programs for complex pediatric liver and bile tract surgery.

  • Treatment

    Computerized Tomography (CT)​

    A CT scan, also called a CAT scan, gives your doctor a closer look at your child's internal organs, bony anatomy, blood vessels and soft tissues, with more detail than a general x-ray.

  • Condition

    Concussion

    A concussion is a brain injury that temporarily changes the way the brain works. The symptoms can be subtle. Learn more about concussions in kids and teens.

  • Program

    Concussion Program

    The concussion clinic at Lurie Children’s Institute for Sports Medicine is uniquely qualified to evaluate, manage & treat concussions in children & adolescents.

  • Condition

    Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    A disorder in which the body’s two adrenal glands have an enzyme-making defect. Without the enzymes, the adrenals can't make the hormones cortisol, aldosterone and androgens.

  • Condition

    Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome

    A genetic condition in which the brain fails to control breathing to maintain healthy levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide, causing oxygen to decrease and carbon dioxide to increase.

  • Condition

    Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly

    A genetic disorder that may affect many areas of the body: Long limbs and long and slender fingers and toes, joints permanently bent, muscles underdeveloped and heart defects.

  • Condition

    Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    CDH is a defect that develops during the formation of the diaphragm, which does not completely close, creating a gap between the chest and the abdominal cavities.

  • Condition

    Congenital Eye Diseases

    Congenital eye diseases can affect any part of the eye and are often associated with cloudiness, increased eye pressure, irregularly shaped pupil, opacities in the lens, abnormalities of the retina and under development of the optic nerve.

  • Condition

    Congenital Hand Differences

    Abnormalities of the hand are common (occurring in 2.3 per 1,000 births), taking many forms, but most of these conditions are relatively minor, not affecting function.

  • Condition

    Congenital Hemangioma

    A tumor made up of blood vessels, present when a child is born and usually not continuing to grow after birth; less common than infantile hemangiomas.

  • Condition

    Congenital Muscular Torticollis

    Learn tips to prevent congenital muscular torticollis (wryneck, fibromatosis colli/pseudotumor of infancy), a condition causing an infant's neck to twist.

  • Condition

    Congenital Portosystemic Shunts (Abernethy Malformation)

    The Abernethy malformation, or a congenital (from birth) portosystemic venous shunt, is a rare deformity of the blood vessels in the abdomen. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Conjunctivitis

    Conjunctivitis, also known as "pink eye," is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. Learn more about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

  • Program

    Connective Tissue Disorders Program

    Lurie Children’s Connective Tissue Disorder Program provides comprehensive care and genetic counseling to more than 200 patients with disorders of the connective tissue, such as Marfan syndrome.

  • Condition

    Constipation

    Constipation in kids is quite common, but can lead to complications. Learn more about the causes and symptoms of children's constipation, and remedies to help.

  • Program

    Constipation Management Program (iPoop)

    Lurie Children’s Constipation Management Program (iPoop) uses up-to-date evidence-based guidelines to treat toddlers, school-age children, and adolescents with chronic constipation. Learn more.

  • Program

    Cooperative Sickle Cell Donor Program

    The Sickle Cell Donor Program was started by Lurie Children’s and the American Red Cross to improve transfusion support for children with sickle cell disease.

  • Condition

    Corneal Abrasions

    A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Learn more about treatment in kids.

  • Condition

    Corneal Infection (Keratitis, Corneal Ulcer)

    A corneal infection (also referred to as keratitis) is wide-spread inflammation or infection of the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. A corneal ulcer is infection in a specific area of the cornea and is often found with a corneal abrasion (or scratch). Learn more.

  • Program

    Coronary Artery Anomalies Program

    Lurie Children’s Coronary Artery Anomalies Program is dedicated to the diagnosis and ongoing monitoring of children with coronary artery anomalies.

  • Condition

    Costello Syndrome

    What Is Costello Syndrome? Costello syndrome is a genetic disorder that is a part of a larger group of conditions called RASopathies . RASopathies arise when something goes wrong in a pathway involved in the way the cells of our bodies communicate the information they need to function properly. Since the cells of our bodies make up our tissues,...

  • Condition

    Cranial & Facial Asymmetry

    Very common condition in newborns due to the “softness” of the skull bones at birth; most cases are solved by simple changes in sleeping habits and a few special exercises.

  • Condition

    Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia

    A rare bone disease in which the bones of the face and skull are replaced by fibrous tissue. A variant of fibrous dysplasia, which occurs elsewhere. Not hereditary or malignant.

  • Specialty

    Critical Care

    The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at Lurie Children's uses innovative equipment and top quality care to save the lives of critically ill children.

  • Condition

    Crohn's Disease

    A chronic inflammatory bowel disease usually involving the small intestine, most often the lower part called the ileum. Also called ileitis or enteritis.

  • Condition

    Crossed-Eyes (Strabismus)

    Strabismus (crossed eyes) is a condition in which the eyes do not point in the same direction. Learn more about different types, causes, diagnosis, treatment.

  • Condition

    Croup

    Croup is a viral infection most common in children that causes swelling of the upper airway and respiratory issues including a barking cough.

  • Condition

    Cutis Laxa

    A rare genetic disorder of the connective tissues of the body causing the skin to lose its elasticity and sag. May also affect internal organs, including the blood vessels, heart and lungs.

  • Condition

    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

    Characterized by recurrent spells of severe nausea and intense vomiting, a common disorder affecting many children today, usually between the ages of three and seven.

  • Condition

    Cystic Fibrosis

    A genetic disease that causes the body to make thick, sticky mucus. In the lungs, causes infections and loss of function. In the pancreas, keeps enzymes from digesting food.

  • Program

    Cystic Fibrosis Center

    Lurie Children's has the largest accredited treatment center in Illinois committed to customized treatment of cystic fibrosis in children.

  • Treatment

    Cystic Fibrosis Genetic Carrier Testing for Parents

    Medical technology now offers information about the future health of individuals and can be used to detect cystic fibrosis.

  • Condition

    Cystinosis

    A condition in which cystine builds up and forms crystals in the cells. These crystals cause damage in many organs and tissues, especially the kidneys and the eyes.

  • Condition

    Cysts & Tumors of the Face & Jaws

    Cysts (fluid-filled sacs) and tumors (lumps of tissue) cause swelling, pain and tenderness. Sometimes discovered on dental x-rays and others on examination.

  • Condition

    Delayed Puberty (Late Puberty)

    When the body's timing for sexual maturity is later than usual, a concern may be that puberty does not start or that it stalls after it started.

  • Condition

    Dental Cavities

    Holes or structural damage in the teeth, normally caused by decay brought on by the presence of bacteria, acid, food pieces and saliva, which combine to form plaque on teeth.

  • Condition

    Dental Infections (Odontogenic Infection)

    Caused by bacteria penetrating deep into the tooth or gums, typically including dental caries and periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Can spread elsewhere in the body.

  • Specialty

    Dentistry

    Lurie Children's Division of Pediatric Dentistry provides comprehensive and preventive oral health care for infants, children and teens and patients with special needs, treating more pediatric patients than any other dental service in Illinois.

  • Specialty

    Department of Surgery

    The Department of Surgery at Lurie Children’s is led by Thomas H. Inge, MD, PhD.

  • Specialty

    Dermatology

    Lurie Children's provides pediatric dermatology services, diagnostics and therapeutics for infants, children and adolescents with skin disorders. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Dermoid Cysts

    A dermoid cyst is a benign growth made up of hairs, sweat glands and sebaceous glands. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of pediatric dermoid cysts.

  • Specialty

    Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics

    The Division of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics provides care for children with conditions associated with developmental delay and/or behavior concerns.

  • Condition

    Developmental Coordination Disorder

    A disorder characterized by poor motor coordination that interferes with the child’s daily activities and academic achievements.

  • Condition

    Developmental Delays

    Some with biological causes, others may be environmental, delays can be grouped into mental, physical, behavioral and speech.

  • Treatment

    Developmental Evaluations

    Similar to neuropsychological evaluations, developmental evaluations use psychological tests to examine a child's mental abilities in order to diagnose and manage conditions affecting brain functioning.

  • Condition

    Deviated Septum

    Deviated septum is an abnormal shape of the cartilage that divides the nose, and may cause congestion, problems with breathing, or nasal discharge. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the most common type of diabetes in children and teens. Type 2 diabetes has also become a health problem for children and teens in recent years.

  • Program

    Diabetes Program

    By offering medical consultation, diagnosis, education, advice, guidelines and support, our diabetes program helps children with diabetes lead successful lives.

  • Condition

    Diabetic Retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the retina of the eye due to long-term high blood sugars. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Diagnostic Tests for Digestive & Liver Conditions

    Lurie Children's offers diagnostic procedures for various digestive and liver conditions.

  • Program

    Dialysis Program

    Lurie Children’s Dialysis Program provides in-center hemodialysis, as well as training and care for home-based peritoneal and hemodialysis.

  • Condition

    Diaper Rash

    Physical irritation or infection due to urine changing the skin pH level, allowing bacteria and fungi to grow.

  • Treatment

    Diaphragm Pacing

    Diaphragm pacing, a form of artificial ventilation, uses implanted electrodes to stimulate the muscles of the diaphragm to contract, helping patients breathe.

  • Condition

    Diarrhea

    Watery stool or increased frequency of bowel movements (or both) when compared to a normal amount.

  • Condition

    Double Inlet Left Ventricle (DILV)

    A very rare congenital heart defect in which the child develops only one ventricle — the pumping chamber of the heart.

  • Condition

    Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV)

    A congenital heart defect in which both the aorta and the pulmonary artery are connected to the right ventricle.

  • Program

    Down Syndrome Clinic

    The Down Syndrome Clinic, a subspecialty program within the Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, offers specialized services as well as interdisciplinary and comprehensive evaluations for children with Down syndrome and their families, providing care from birth through late adolescence.

  • Program

    Dravet Clinic

    The Dravet Clinic at Lurie Children’s Epilepsy Center is committed to providing high-quality care to patients with Dravet syndrome.

  • Condition

    Droopy Eyelid (Ptosis)

    Droopy eyelids (also known as ptosis) may be a congenital or acquired condition. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Drug Allergy

    A group of symptoms caused by a reaction to a medication where the body's immune system may produce antibodies against a drug.

  • Condition

    Dry Skin

    Dryness may be caused by or accompanied by several behaviors, environmental factors or health conditions.

  • Condition

    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    A form of muscular dystrophy, an inherited disease occurring in about 1 out of every 3,600 male infants. It worsens more quickly than other types of muscular dystrophy.

  • Condition

    Duplicated Collecting System (Also Duplicated Kidney)

    Two ureters for one kidney, each one draining separately into the bladder.

  • Condition

    Dural Sinus Malformations

    Dural sinus malformations (DSMs), a type of AV shunt, are very rare congenital cerebrovascular malformation. Learn more about causes, diagnosis, and treatment.

  • Condition

    Dysfunctional Voiding

    Voiding dysfunction is a condition where the bladder does not empty correctly. Learn more about void dysfunction causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment here.

  • Condition

    Dysphagia

    The inability of food or liquids to pass easily from the mouth, into the throat and down into the esophagus to the stomach during the process of swallowing.

  • Condition

    Dystonia

    A movement disorder in which the muscles receive incorrect signals from the brain, causing them to contract and twist uncontrollably and sometimes painfully.

  • Condition

    Ear Deformities

    Currently, up to 30% of births result in ear deformities. Of this number, 70% of the deformities stay the same or get worse as the baby grows.

  • Treatment

    Ear Tube Placement

    Ear tubes are small tubes that are surgically placed into your child's eardrum by an ear, nose and throat surgeon during a myringotomy. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Earwax Buildup (Cerumen Impaction)

    Earwax buildup can block the ear canal and lead to ringing in the ear, itching, hearing loss, pain, discharge, odor and cough.

  • Program

    Eating Disorder Program

    Eating disorders affect many children and adolescents. Learn how our Eating Disorder Program offers comprehensive care tailored to your family's needs.

  • Condition

    Ebola

    Not as contagious as the flu because it doesn’t spread through the air, ebola is spread only through direct contact with the infected person’s blood and body fluids.

  • Condition

    Ebstein's Anomaly

    A congenital downward displacement of the tricuspid valve (between the heart's upper and lower chambers on the right side) into the heart's right bottom chamber (or right ventricle).

  • Treatment

    Echocardiogram

    An echocardiogram, echo or heart ultrasound, is a non-invasive procedure that uses sound waves provide cardiologists with moving images of your child's heart.

  • Treatment

    ECMO

    Pediatric ECMO is a temporary cardiopulmonary bypass to support a patients with heart or lung failure. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Ectopic Ureter

    A rare condition where the ureter (the tube that moves urine from the kidney to the bladder) does not attach correctly to the top of the bladder but to some other location instead.

  • Condition

    Eczema

    Atopic dermatitis, an inflammation that causes dry, itchy skin.

  • Program

    Eczema Program

    Our experts provide thorough evaluation and comprehensive treatment of your child’s eczema (atopic dermatitis).

  • Condition

    Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

    Also called cutis elastic, a group of genetic disorders affecting the connective tissues of the body, especially the skin, joints, and the walls of blood vessels.

  • Treatment

    Electrocardiogram

    An electrocardiogram is one of the simplest procedures used to evaluate the heart, taking only five to 10 minutes. The tracings allow the physician to see abnormal heartbeats that may indicate a heart problem.

  • Program

    Electrophysiology Program

    The Electrophysiology (EP) Program team at Lurie Children’s diagnoses and treats abnormal heart rhythms. We also provide invasive correction of the heart rhythm through cardiac ablation and implantation of cardiac rhythm devices. Learn more.

  • Specialty

    Emergency Medicine

    The board certified team in the pediatric emergency room at Lurie Children's perform life saving services to children 24 hours a day.

  • Condition

    Encephalitis

    Encephalitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the brain, usually resulting from an infection. Learn more about treatment of encephalitis in children.

  • Condition

    Encopresis

    A problem that children can develop due to chronic constipation. When a child has fewer bowel movements, they can be difficult to pass, causing a vicious cycle to develop.

  • Condition

    Endocarditis

    Endocarditis is an inflammation of the layer of cells lining the inside of the heart muscle and valves, and can be infective or noninfective. Learn more here.

  • Specialty

    Endocrinology

    The pediatric endocrinologists at Lurie Children's rank nationally for techniques shown to improve outcomes for children with endocrine disorders. Learn more.

  • Program

    Endoscopic Ear Surgery Program

    The Endoscopic Ear Surgery Program is led by Stephen R. Hoff, MD, FACS, FAAP, a Pediatric Otolaryngologist with expertise in transcanal endoscopic ear surgery.

  • Treatment

    Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    The purpose of endoscopic sinus surgery is to open the passages of the sinuses allowing for proper drainage to the nose.

  • Specialty

    ENT (Otolaryngology)

    The Division of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery provides medical & surgical treatment for children with disorders of the ears, nose and throat (ENT).

  • Condition

    Enuresis (Nighttime Wetting)

    Nighttime wetting (also known as enuresis) is the involuntary emptying of the bladder.

  • Condition

    Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE)

    A chronic allergic disease of the esophagus — the tube from the mouth to the stomach — characterized by food impaction (food trapped in the esophagus), solid-food dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (heartburn & regurgitation).

  • Program

    Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Diseases Program​​

    Lurie Children's Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Diseases (EGID) Program is devoted to the comprehensive care and research of pediatric EGID. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders

    Chronic, inflammatory diseases characterized by an elevated number of eosinophils — a type of white blood cell — in one or more areas in the digestive system.

  • Condition

    Epidermolysis Bullosa

    A rare genetic condition causing fragile skin that blisters and tears with only minor friction or trauma. Internal organs can also be affected by certain variations of this disease.

  • Condition

    Epididymitis/Orchitis

    Inflammation of the epididymis (the tube that carries semen out of the testicles), or inflammation of the testicle, most often following from infection of the epididymis.

  • Condition

    Epilepsy

    Childhood epilepsy is a condition in which two or more seizures occur without a specific cause. Learn about pediatric epilepsy causes, symptoms and treatment.

  • Program

    Epilepsy Genetics Testing & Consultation Clinic

    The epilepsy genetic consultation provides a consultation for children with known genetic epilepsy syndromes. The epilepsy genetics testing clinic provides evaluation and support for children and families with known or suspected genetic epilepsy syndrome.

  • Program

    Epilepsy Neuro-Oncology Clinic

    The Epilepsy Neuro-Oncology Clinic provides comprehensive care to patients with brain tumor related epilepsy by offering coordinated care for epilepsy, oncology, and neurosurgery.

  • Program

    Epilepsy Program

    The Pediatric Epilepsy Center at Lurie Children's provides the highest quality treatment of epilepsy in children. Learn about the center here.

  • Program

    Epilepsy Surgery

    In the best cases, medication can be used to manage seizures. But when it doesn't, surgery may offer the best option for control or elimination of seizures.

  • Program

    Epilepsy Tuberous Sclerosis Clinic

    Lurie Children’s Epilepsy Multidisciplinary TSC Clinic’s goal is to provide quality care to individuals with TSC, manage research that will contribute to better treatment and a cure for TSC, and provide a complete medical team to coordinate treatment for all aspects of TSC.

  • Condition

    Epispadias

    A term used to describe when the urethral opening is in an abnormal location. In males, the opening is usually on the topside of the penis and not the tip.

  • Condition

    Esophageal Duplication or Masses

    A rare inherited condition in which a mass of cells forms alongside the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) during fetal development.

  • Program

    Ethics Program

    When you face an ethical dilemma concerning your child's care, Lurie Children's Ethics Advisory Board is here to help.

  • Condition

    Ewing Sarcoma

    A cancer that occurs primarily in the bone or soft tissue, most often found in the extremities and can involve muscle and the soft tissues around the tumor site.

  • Condition

    Excessive Thoracic Kyphosis

    “Kyphosis” refers to the contour of the upper spine. Excessive thoracic kyphosis, a condition common in adolescents, gives people a “humpbacked” appearance.

  • Treatment

    Exercise Laboratory & Stress Test

    An exercise stress test measures the heart's response to stress or exercise. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is monitored while children exercise on a treadmill or stationary bike.

  • Condition

    Exercise-Induced Asthma

    A condition triggered by physical activity, it causes the small breathing tubes to tighten, making it difficult for air to leave the lungs. Also called exercise-induced bronchospasm.

  • Condition

    Extra Teeth (Supernumerary Teeth, Hyperdontia)

    A condition in which the jaws contain more teeth – usually permanent teeth – than usual. Extra teeth are usually categorized in two ways, by their shape and by their position.

  • Program

    Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) Program

    Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is a temporary cardiopulmonary bypass to support a patient with heart or lung failure. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Eyelid Lacerations

    Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. These cuts often require surgery to ensure the eyelid heals well and functions properly. 

  • Condition

    Fabry Disease

    Fabry disease is a rare genetic disease that runs in families. People affected by the disease cannot breakdown (metabolize) a fat called globotriaosylcermide (GL3). Read more.

  • Condition

    Facial Paralysis in Children

    A condition that may be present at birth, such as Moebius syndrome, or acquired later, such as following removal of facial tumors near the nerves that move the facial muscles.

  • Condition

    Facial Trauma

    Facial trauma includes any injury to the face including the bones of the upper face and jaw, or lower jaw, caused by blunt force or be the result of a wound caused by car crash, sports, etc.

  • Condition

    Failure to Thrive

    A condition that occurs when a baby does not gain weight and grow normally; caused by many factors, including disease or poor nutrition.

  • Program

    Families with Cardiomyopathy Clinic

    Lurie Children's Families with Cardiomyopathy Clinic offers evaluation and treatment for patients with familial cardiomyopathy. In our unique approach, the whole family is seen during the same clinic visit.

  • Condition

    Fanconi Anemia

    A bone-marrow-failure disorder that may cause deformities and abnormalities throughout the body.

  • Condition

    Febrile Seizure

    A febrile seizure is a seizure that occurs in a child with a fever or elevated temperature. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Feed & Swaddle for MRI and CT Exams

    For infants referred to Lurie Children's for an MRI or CT exam, we use a technique called "feed and swaddle" to help babies remain still for the exam without having to give them medication or anesthesia

  • Condition

    Feeding & Swallowing Problems

    Both behavioral and physiological issues can affect childhood eating, resulting in either the refusal or inability to eat foods normally.

  • Treatment

    Feeding & Swallowing Therapy

    If your child is experiencing feeding and/or swallowing difficulties, Lurie Children's Feeding & Swallowing Therapy specialists can assess your child's eating and develop a plan for treatment.

  • Program

    Feeding & Swallowing Therapy Program

    If your child is experiencing feeding and/or swallowing difficulties, schedule an evaluation with a speech-language pathologist with Lurie Children's Feeding & Swallowing Therapy Program to develop a plan for treatment.

  • Condition

    Feeding Aversion/Disorder

    Including the inability or refusal to eat certain foods, possibly leading to nutrition problems and other developmental and psychological issues.

  • Treatment

    Feeding Tube Care

    Children with feeding tubes need care tailored to their specific needs. Learn about Lurie Children's recommendations for caring for children with feeding tubes.

  • Program

    Feeding, Swallowing & Nutrition Disorders Program

    Lurie Children's Feeding, Swallowing & Nutrition Disorders Program evaluates and treats children with conditions that include dysphagia, feeding aversion, failure to thrive and related disorders.

  • Condition

    Female Athlete Triad

    A syndrome consisting of three related conditions: disordered eating habits, irregular or absent menstrual periods, and osteopenia (thinning of the bones).

  • Treatment

    Feminizing Hormone Therapy

    Learn more about the effects that estrogen may have on your body and an approximate timeline of these changes during feminizing hormone therapy.

  • Condition

    Femoral Anteversion

    A common developmental problem in children, also called intoeing, where the top of the thigh bone (femur) is rotated, causing the foot to turn in.

  • Program

    Fertility & Hormone Preservation & Restoration Program

    Lurie Children’s fertility program is the only one of its kind for pediatric patients in the state of Illinois, offering solutions to both male and female cancer survivors with fertility issues.

  • Program

    Fetal & Neonatal Cardiology

    The Fetal Cardiology Program ensures that families expecting a baby with heart concerns receive the best diagnostic and counseling care available.

  • Program

    Fetal & Neonatal Neurology Program

    Lurie Children's Division of Neurology offers access to fetal and neonatal neurologists who provide innovative, individualized treatments with the goal of helping newborns achieve their best outcomes. 

  • Condition

    Fetal Abdominal Cysts

    A fetal abdominal cyst is a generic term that describes an abnormal fluid-filled bubble-like mass in the fetal abdomen. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Fetal Ascites

    Fetal ascites is an abnormal fluid collection in the fetal peritoneal cavity. It's a rare condition and can be a sign of a serious underlying medical condition.

  • Condition

    Fetal Cardiac Arrhythmia

    Fetal arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat or an abnormal heart rhythm in an unborn baby. Learn more about detection, prevention and treatment.

  • Condition

    Fetal Chronic Idiopathic Pseudo-obstruction

    A disorder in which part of the intestines function poorly as if they are obstructed, but there is no mechanical cause for the dysfunction.

  • Condition

    Fetal Craniosynostosis

    A congenital defect characterized by the bones of the skull closing too early, before brain growth is complete. The brain then grows into areas of the skull that have not yet closed.

  • Condition

    Fetal Duplication of Collection Systems

    The development of two ureters for one kidney, each one draining separately into the bladder, often associated with fetal ureterocele, a malformation of the ureter entering the bladder.

  • Treatment

    Fetal Echocardiogram

    A fetal echocardiogram (or echo) is a specialized ultrasound examination of the unborn baby’s heart used to identify fetal heart defects. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Fetal Gastroschisis

    A congenital defect in a baby's abdominal wall that allows the infant's intestines to protrude into the amniotic sac, causing them to cease their normal movement.

  • Specialty

    Fetal Health

    The Chicago Institute for Fetal Health offers comprehensive pre-birth counseling and pediatric care planning for pregnant women with fetal complications.

  • Condition

    Fetal Hernia/Hydrocele

    During fetal development, a sac surrounding an infant's normally descending sexual organs does not close, allowing the intestine to bulge through the opening, or fluid build-up.

  • Condition

    Fetal Hydrocephalus

    The buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, resulting from a lack of absorption, blockage or overproduction. Can cause increased pressure and expansion of the skull.

  • Condition

    Fetal Hydronephrosis

    Fetal hydronephrosis is the swelling of the kidney when too much urine collects in the pelvis (or basin) of the kidney. Learn more about causes and symptoms.

  • Treatment

    Fetal Imaging

    The Chicago Institute for Fetal Health can provide additional imaging when physicians or patients would like a second opinion or advanced imaging during pregnancy.

  • Condition

    Fetal Intestinal Atresia

    A congenital defect in which a part of the intestines fails to form properly, resulting in an obstruction or blockage.

  • Condition

    Fetal Lung Lesions: CPAM, BPS & Hybrid Lesions

    There are three types of fetal lung lesions: congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) and hybrid lesions. Read more.

  • Condition

    Fetal Lung Masses & Cysts

    There are two different types of fetal lung masses: the first is a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and the other is a bronchopulmonary sequestration.

  • Condition

    Fetal Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney

    A malformation of the kidney during fetal development, resulting in irregular cysts that resemble a bunch of grapes. The cysts serve no function, rendering the kidney useless.

  • Condition

    Fetal Omphalocele

    A congenital defect of the abdominal wall allowing some abdominal organs to protrude through it. A translucent membrane or sac covers the protruding organs.

  • Condition

    Fetal Pelvic Kidney & Horseshoe Kidney

    A condition that results when the kidneys fail to ascend to their normal position above the waist and remain in the pelvis because they are blocked by blood vessels in the aorta.

  • Condition

    Fetal Posterior Urethral Valves

    A congenital defect in males, resulting in obstruction of the bladder due to extra tissue projecting into the urethra. Excess tissue blocks the free flow of urine from the bladder.

  • Condition

    Fetal Pyelectasis/Pelviectasis

    A mild enlargement of the center of the kidney, not to be confused with fetal hydronephrosis, which is an extreme ballooning of the kidney.

  • Condition

    Fetal Tracheoesophageal Fistula

    A congenital defect in which the trachea and the esophagus (which start out as one tube), do not split successfully into two separate tubes, leaving an abnormal connection.

  • Condition

    Fetal Ureterocele

    A balloon-like malformation of the area where a ureter, the tube from the kidney, enters the bladder. This causes problems by blocking the normal flow of urine from the kidney.

  • Condition

    Fetal Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction

    When the urine cannot flow freely into the ureter due to a blockage, such as a kink in the ureter or a narrowing where the ureter meets the renal pelvis, the “ureteropelvic junction.”

  • Condition

    Fetal Urinary Reflux

    When urine flows “backward” in the system, possibly causing infection and pressure damage to the sensitive tissues of the kidney. It is often corrected by surgery.

  • Condition

    Fetal Ventriculomegaly

    A congenital brain condition, causing enlargement of the fluid-filled spaces in the brain, inadequate brain development or destruction of brain tissue.

  • Treatment

    Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES)

    Lurie Children's multidisciplinary Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) service provides comprehensive evaluation and management of children with swallowing problems such as dysphagia​ and choking on food.

  • Condition

    Flexible Flat Feet (Pes Planus)

    When the arch seems to disappear as the foot comes in contact with the ground, causing the ankle to roll inward (pronation).

  • Program

    Fluency & Stuttering Therapy Program

    Evaluations at Lurie Children's are done by speech-language pathologists certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and specializing in diagnosing and treating preschool, school-age and adolescents who stutter.

  • Program

    Fluorescence-Guided Surgery Program

    Fluorescence-guided surgery at Lurie Children’s is an enhancement of traditional surgical techniques that provides surgeons with new layers of information to improve surgical safety and clinical outcomes. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Focal Segmental Glomerular Sclerosis (FSGS)

    A pattern of kidney damage and a common cause of nephrotic syndrome, occurring when the body loses large amounts of protein into the urine, resulting in swelling of the body.

  • Program

    Fontan Futures℠ Initiative

    Working with Prentice Women’s Hospital and the Heart Center at Lurie Children’s, this Initiative helps families expecting a child with only one ventricle save cord blood and heart tissue for use in emerging therapies in coming years.

  • Condition

    Food Allergy

    Food allergy is caused by an immune response that occurs after exposure to a specific food. There are now about 6 million children in the U.S. with food allergy. Learn more.

  • Program

    Food Allergy Program

    The experts at Lurie Children's Food Allergy Program provide evaluation services and comprehensive treatment for children with food allergies.

  • Program

    Food Allergy Support & Education (FASE) Program

    Lurie Children's Food Allergy Support and Education Program educates and supports our patients and families affected by food protein-induced immune disorders.

  • Treatment

    Food Elimination Diets

    The specialists at Lurie Children's treat pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis.

  • Condition

    Foot & Ankle Pain

    Foot and ankle pain in kids can be symptoms of a variety of foot or ankle conditions. Learn more about potential causes of foot and ankle pain in children.

  • Condition

    Foreign Bodies in the Ear

    Anything that enters the ear that doesn’t belong there. Typically food, toy parts, small household items, or items from nature. Most can be removed by a physician in the office.

  • Condition

    Foreign Bodies in the Eyes

    Objects such as dust and sand may be flushed out with eye drops or water. If vision decreases, eyes are red or painful, there is discharge, trauma or bulging, see a healthcare provider.

  • Condition

    Foreign Bodies in the Nose and Airway

    Anything that enters the body that doesn’t belong there. Typically food, toy parts, small household items, or items from nature. Most can be removed by a physician in the office.

  • Program

    Forensic Assessment for Immigration Relief (FAIR) Clinic

    The FAIR Clinic is a staff-run clinic dedicated to providing forensic medical and psychological evaluations free of charge to child and adolescent survivors of torture, persecution, or other human rights abuses who are seeking asylum in the United States. Learn more.

  • Program

    Fracture Clinic

    Fractures in children are a common occurrence that may require surgery and/or casting. Learn more about the pediatric fracture clinic at Lurie Children's here.

  • Condition

    Fragility Fractures

    Fragility fractures are broken bones, or fractures, that happen following a low trauma event. Examples of low trauma events would be falls from a standing height or less. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Freiberg Infraction

    A condition affecting the metatarsal bones of the foot, most commonly the bone underneath the second toe. The rounded end or ‘head’ of the bone collapses and flattens.

  • Condition

    Gait Abnormalities

    Pediatric gait abnormalities are problems with the way a child or teen walks, such as toe-walking or limping. Learn more about abnormal gait in children here.

  • Condition

    Ganglion Cysts

    Lumps that form under the skin, usually on top of the wrist, usually round or oval shape, and varying from the size of a pea to about an inch in diameter.

  • Specialty

    Gastroenterology & GI Surgery

    The nationally ranked Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition offers cutting-edge treatments for pediatric digestive disorders. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

    A digestive disorder caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus. Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and esophagus, and reflux is backflow.

  • Treatment

    Gastrostomy Tubes

    Lurie Children's offers a pediatric G-tube guide for administering feedings through a feeding tube. Discover answers about G-tube placement here.

  • Condition

    Gaucher Disease

    A deficiency of the enzyme beta-glucosidase, which breaks down a specific fatty substance, allowing it to accumulate in the body, resulting in anemia, low platelet count, etc.

  • Program

    Gender & Sex Development Program

    Learn more about gender identity & sex development, as well as our programs to provide comprehensive services for children from newborns to adolescents.

  • Program

    Gender Development Program

    Lurie Children’s outpatient services are here to support the physical, mental and social health of youth as they progress through gender identity.

  • Program

    Gene and Cellular Medicine Program

    The Center for Genetic and Cellular Medicine at Lurie Children's is committed to advancing treatment of conditions amenable to gene and cell-based therapy.

  • Program

    Genetic Counselors & Genetic Counseling

    Lurie Children's Genetic Counselors help families with genetic conditions by providing education, support, and advocacy.

  • Treatment

    Genetic Screening

    Contact your physician if you have symptoms or physical signs that you suspect may be related to a genetic disorder.

  • Treatment

    Genetics Laboratory Services

    Licensed physicians at Lurie Children's perform laboratory procedures upon request.

  • Specialty

    Genetics, Genomics & Metabolism

    Lurie Children's Division of Genetics, Genomics and Metabolism provides a full range of services for the diagnosis & treatment of pediatric genetic disorders.

  • Condition

    Germ Cell Tumors

    Malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous) tumors that are composed mostly of germ cells — cells in the unborn baby that become the reproductive system.

  • Condition

    Giant Congenital Nevi

    When a birthmark, or nevus, covers more than 2% of a patient’s total body surface area, or if it is larger than the palm of a child’s hand, it is considered a giant nevus.

  • Condition

    Glomerulonephropathy and Glomerulonephritis

    Diseases of the glomeruli — the mass of tiny, semipermeable tubes deep in the kidneys through which the blood passes, filtering out water and soluble wastes.

  • Condition

    Glucose Intolerance

    A metabolic condition also known as impaired glucose tolerance in which the body cannot absorb or metabolize sugars from carbohydrates sufficiently.

  • Condition

    Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD)

    Resulting when a patient receives transplanted tissue from another person, most often occurring after a stem cell (bone marrow) transplant from a donor other than oneself.

  • Condition

    Growing Pains

    A common pain syndrome that occurs in children. Not a result of a disease or other condition, nor do they lead to any injury or damage to the bones or joints.

  • Condition

    Growth Problems

    Growth rate is influenced by heredity, gender, environmental factors and nutrition. Sometimes, medical conditions stop a child from growing at a normal rate.

  • Condition

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    A rare auto-immune disorder which damages the coverings of the peripheral nerves and causes muscle weakness and occasionally paralysis.

  • Condition

    Gymnast’s Wrist (Distal Radial Epiphysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate (epiphysis) at the end of the radius (forearm bone) where it connects to the hand to form the wrist.

  • Condition

    Hand & Wrist Tendon Injuries

    Injuries to the tendons of the hand and wrist can be caused by several things, from repetitive motion to tears to deep lacerations.

  • Program

    Head & Neck Surgery Program

    The Lurie Children’s Head & Neck Surgery Program is a national leader in the treatment of children with congenital and acquired lesions of the head, neck, and face.

  • Condition

    Head Injury in Babies & Children

    Most head injuries in children and babies are not life-threatening, but should still be monitored carefully. Learn more about symptoms and when to seek help.

  • Condition

    Head Lice

    Insects that invade the scalp and cause the child to itch and scratch the scalp. Lice eggs (nits) firmly attach to the hair and appear as small white dots.

  • Condition

    Head Shape Anomalies

    In the first two years of age, a child's skull is soft and vulnerable, leaving them at risk for developing abnormal head shapes. If untreated, these may cause medical issues later.

  • Program

    Head Shape Evaluation Program

    Lurie Children's Head Shape Program offers a team of medical and surgical professionals who evaluate and treat infants with cranial asymmetry from any cause.

  • Program

    Headache Program

    Pediatric headache and migraine are common complaints among children requiring special attention. Lurie Children’s Pediatric Headache Program aims to find the most therapeutic treatment plan for every patient.

  • Condition

    Headaches

    Pain or discomfort in the head or face area, headaches can be single or recurrent in nature and localized to one or more areas. In children, most are migraine or tension-type.

  • Treatment

    Hearing Aids

    Any child who has a hearing loss that may interfere with speech and language development, or who has a loss that interferes with their classroom performance, may need to wear a hearing aid.

  • Condition

    Heart Attack

    Heart attack in teens is rare, but congenital heart conditions can cause sudden cardiac arrest. We diagnose and treat these conditions.

  • Condition

    Heart Block

    Heart block causes an abnormal heartbeat. A baby can be born with it, or a person may acquire later. Our electrophysiologists diagnose and treat heart block.

  • Condition

    Heart Failure

    Pediatric heart failure occurs when the heart isn’t pumping enough blood to the body. Children in heart failure need help from experienced pediatric specialists.

  • Condition

    Heart Murmur

    Heart murmur is the sound of blood flow in the chest heard through a stethoscope, and does not necessarily mean an abnormality. Learn about heart murmurs in kids.

  • Program

    Heart Transplant Program

    The Pediatric Heart Failure & Transplantation Program at Lurie Children's in Chicago provides life-saving children's heart transplant treatments. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Heart Tumors

    Heart tumors, including rhabdomyoma, are rare in kids and usually benign. We’re able to treat even the most complex tumors that require surgery.

  • Condition

    Heat Illness

    A group of conditions which occur when the body is heated at a high rate and cannot cool itself fast enough.

  • Condition

    Helicobacter Pylori

    A spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach, which (along with acid secretion) damages stomach and duodenal tissue, causing inflammation and peptic ulcers.

  • Condition

    Hemangiomas

    Collections of extra blood vessels in the skin. One of the most common skin problems in the first year of life.

  • Condition

    Hematometrocolpos

    A rare condition which occurs when the uterus fills with menstrual blood. Symptoms are typically a lack of a menstrual period, recurrent pelvic pain, and a pelvic mass.

  • Condition

    Hematuria

    Pediatric hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine in children. It can be caused by many things, including, infections and kidney diseases. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Hemifacial Microsomia

    A condition in which a child is born with the lower half of their face underdeveloped, most commonly their ears, jaw and mouth; eyes, cheeks and neck may also be affected.

  • Condition

    Hemolytic Anemia

    A general term describing a condition in which red blood cells are broken down faster than the bone marrow is able to produce them.

  • Condition

    Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome

    A kidney disease caused by an overabundance of damaged red blood cells filling the kidneys, hindering them from doing their normal function of filtering.

  • Condition

    Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

    A rare blood disorder, seen more often in children than adults, in which the body produces too many immune cells, which then attack the body’s own tissues and organs.

  • Condition

    Hemophilia

    An inherited bleeding disorder characterized by low levels or complete absence of specific proteins in the blood that are necessary for prevention of excessive bleeding.

  • Program

    Hemophilia Program

    Lurie Children's Hemophilia Program provides dedicated services in a family-friendly environment to promote the health and well-being of children and adolescents with hemophilia, von Willebrand disease or platelet disorders.

  • Condition

    Hepatitis

    Inflammation of the liver resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Hepatitis often originates from a virus and can be spread from your child to others.

  • Condition

    Hepatoblastoma

    A very rare cancerous tumor that originates in the liver. Its cells can spread to other areas of the body, commonly the lungs, abdomen and rarely to the bones and central nervous system.

  • Program

    Hepatoblastoma Program

    Lurie Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders treats more children with cancer and blood disorders than any other hospital in Illinois, caring for children with this rare cancer originating in the liver.

  • Condition

    Heterotaxy

    A condition in which the organs of the chest and abdomen are abnormally located, usually opposite their usual places. Typically affects the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, and intestines.

  • Condition

    High Ankle Sprain (Syndesmosis Sprain)

    An injury to the ligaments connecting the tibia and fibula just above the ankle joint. Compared to lateral ankle sprains, high ankle sprains are less common and longer to heal.

  • Program

    High-Risk Asthma Program

    The High-Risk Asthma Program at Lurie Children's takes a multidisciplinary approach to provide comprehensive care for patients with severe, hard to control asthma. Employing a patient-centered approach to care, the program aims to better control the severity of attacks, prevent asthma exacerbations and improve the quality of life for the patient...

  • Condition

    Hip Disorders

    Common and with many causes. Not always easy to diagnose and may include hip pain, irritability, and difficulty in movement.

  • Condition

    Hip Dysplasia

    Occuring when a child’s hip joint has not formed properly, can range from the hip being slightly displaced to being dislocated easily.

  • Treatment

    Hip Spica Cast Care

    Hip spica casts are applied after various types of leg surgeries. Learn more about the cast care.

  • Condition

    Hirschsprung Disease

    A condition which occurs when the intestinal wall is missing the cells which signal the muscles in the large intestine to push stool towards the anus, causing an intestinal blockage.

  • Treatment

    HIV & STI Screening

    The Division of Adolescent Medicine provides walk-in HIV/STI Screening for anyone age 12-24. Certified counselors will provide on-site, free, confidential tests as well as safer sex counseling.

  • Program

    HIV Prevention Program

    Lurie Children's specialists are leaders in HIV prevention methods in children and research.

  • Condition

    HIV/AIDS

    A disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus which kills or impairs immune system cells and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and cancers.

  • Condition

    Hives (Urticaria)

    A condition in which red, itchy, and swollen areas appear on the skin usually as an allergic reaction from eating certain foods or taking certain medications.

  • Program

    Hives Program

    Our experts provide thorough evaluation, comprehensive testing and extensive treatment options for hives (urticaria) and angioedema .

  • Condition

    Hodgkin Lymphoma

    A type of cancer in the lymphatic system, part of the immune system that functions to fight disease and infections. Hodgkin lymphoma cells can spread to other organs and tissue.

  • Treatment

    Holter & Event Monitoring

    Holter monitoring & event monitoring are tests used to record a child's heartbeats for 24 hours or longer, allowing physicians to see abnormal beats or rhythms.

  • Condition

    Horseshoe Kidney & Pelvic Kidney

    Conditions that either result when the kidneys fail to ascend to their normal position above the waist and remain in the pelvis or when the developing kidneys fuse together.

  • Specialty

    Hospital-Based Medicine

    Lurie Children's hospitalists are board-eligible/board-certified pediatricians who specialize in caring for hospitalized infants, children, and adolescents.

  • Treatment

    Hydration Assessment in Short Bowel Syndrome

    Learn how to properly assess and hydrate children with short bowel syndrome with a short video produced by Lurie Children's.

  • Condition

    Hydrocele

    A space filled with fluid occurring below or next to a testicle in the male scrotum. It is usually painless, and is not to be confused with a hernia, but may occur along with one.

  • Condition

    Hydrocephalus

    The lack of absorption, blockage of flow, or overproduction of the cerebrospinal fluid that is found inside of the ventricles (fluid-filled areas) inside of the brain.

  • Condition

    Hypertension

    Usually used to mean elevated blood pressure, caused by resistance to blood flow in the body. May result from certain types of medication, anxiety, or kidney problems.

  • Condition

    Hyperthyroidism

    Too much thyroid hormone, pushing the body’s metabolism to unhealthy levels.

  • Condition

    Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    A narrowing of the lower portion of the stomach that leads into the small intestine, resulting in food not moving easily into the intestine for digestion.

  • Condition

    Hypopituitarism

    When a child's pituitary gland has lost its ability to make one, some or all pituitary hormones. The condition is often permanent, but very treatable.

  • Condition

    Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

    In hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), the left side of the heart, including the aorta, aortic valve, left ventricle and mitral valve, is underdeveloped.

  • Condition

    Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome

    A congenital heart defect in which the parts of the right side of the heart — the valves, right ventricle, and pulmonary artery — do not develop fully during pregnancy.

  • Condition

    Hypospadias

    A condition in which the end of the urethra (the tube in the penis through which urine passes out of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis.

  • Condition

    Hypothyroidism

    Hypothyroidism in children occurs when thyroid gland is underactive and fails to make enough thyroid hormone. Learn more about causes, symptoms and treatment.

  • Condition

    Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

    Death or long-term disability possibly caused by lack of blood flow or oxygen before, during or after birth, from a ruptured uterus, bleeding from the placenta, or cord accidents.

  • Condition

    Ichthyosis

    A genetic condition with thick, leathery skin, “ichthy” coming from the Greek word for fish, this condition is so named as the skin sometimes appears like fish scales.

  • Condition

    Idiopathic Toe-walking

    Persistent walking on the toes or the balls of the feet, fairly common in kids who are learning to walk.

  • Condition

    Iliotibial (IT) Band Friction Syndrome

    One of the leading causes of knee pain in runners, occurs when this tendon gets irritated or inflamed from overuse, causing pain and snapping on the outside of the knee.

  • Program

    Immediate Care

    Lurie Children's pediatric immediate care centers have extended hours and provide urgent care services for children with unexpected illnesses and injuries.

  • Condition

    Immune Thrombocytopenia Pupura

    In mild cases, scattered small purple spots on the skin, progressing to increased bruising and nosebleeds and, rarely, bleeding in the GI tract, urinary tract and in the brain.

  • Condition

    Imperforate Anus

    Birth abnormality caused by improper development of the rectum and anus during pregnancy, the opening at the rectum/anus is absent, so stool cannot leave the body.

  • Treatment

    Indwelling Feeding Tubes

    Lurie Children’s assists parents and caregivers in the proper use of this thin tube inserted into the nose or mouth, through the esophagus and into the stomach, delivering nourishment when other feeding methods are not available.

  • Condition

    Infantile Hemangiomas

    The most common vascular growth that is seen in infancy, a collection of enlarged blood vessels, may be present at birth but most develop within the first few weeks.

  • Program

    Infantile Spasms Clinic

    The team behind Lurie Children’s Infantile Spasms (IS) Clinic has established a guideline and clinic for the diagnosis, etiological work-up, treatment, monitoring, and follow-up of infantile spasms that is supported by the best evidence and expert recommendations.

  • Condition

    Infections in Newborns

    A fetus and a newborn baby have limited ability to prevent and fight infectiou​s diseases. Special care may be needed for babies who develop an infection before, during, or after birth.

  • Specialty

    Infectious Diseases

    The board-certified physicians at Lurie Children's specialize in treating common and rare pediatric infectious diseases.

  • Condition

    Infectious Mononucleosis

    Infectious mononucleosis, usually called simply “mono,” usually strikes between 15 and 25 years of age, but can be caught younger. Learn more.

  • Program

    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Program

    Lurie Children's Inflammatory Bowel Disease Program is a multidisciplinary program focusing on the care of children diagnosed with bowel disorders.

  • Condition

    Influenza

    Influenza, commonly referred to as "the flu," is a highly contagious respiratory virus that is common during the winter and early spring. Learn more about symptoms, treatment and prevention.

  • Treatment

    Influenza (Flu) Vaccine

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the influenza (flu) vaccination every year for most people age 6 months and older. Read more.

  • Program

    Inpatient Psychiatric Services

    Lurie Children's Inpatient Psychiatric Program is a family-centered setting focusing on crisis stabilization, intensive evaluation and short-term treatment for problems affecting children and adolescents, ages 3-17.

  • Condition

    Insomnia

    A condition in which the child has trouble going to sleep or remaining asleep. It is common but not generally considered serious unless it causes issues with daytime functioning.

  • Program

    Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)

    The Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) is a space for children to attend therapy more frequently than traditional outpatient approaches and focus on anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive disorders.

  • Program

    Intermediate Care Unit

    Lurie Children’s is now one of a handful of pediatric hospitals in the country that operates an Intermediate Care Unit (IMCU) – continuing on our mission to provide the right care for every patient.

  • Condition

    Internal Snapping Hip Syndrome

    Snapping sound occurring with flexion or extension of the hip, coming from the tendon of the hip flexor muscle as it moves through its normal motion across the hip joint.

  • Program

    International Adoptee Program

    Lurie Children's Division of Infectious Diseases offers medical evaluations, review of immunization records and screening tests for diagnosis and treatment of diseases a child may have contracted in its country of birth.

  • Program

    Interventional Cardiology & Catheterization

    Lurie Children's Heart Center team of interventional physicians performs more than 1,000 cardiac catheterizations on young patients with congenital heart disease each year.

  • Program

    Interventional Radiology

    The pediatric interventional radiology division at Lurie Children's performs a full range of therapeutic and diagnostic procedures. Learn more today.

  • Condition

    Intestinal Malrotation & Volvulus

    A birth defect involving a malformation of the intestinal tract; it occurs while a fetus is forming in its mother's uterus.

  • Program

    Intestinal Rehabilitation Program

    Lurie Children's Intestinal Rehabilitation Program is devoted to avoiding transplantation when possible using medical, surgical and nutritional rehabilitation strategies.

  • Program

    Intestinal Transplantation Program

    Lurie Children's provides one of the rare treatment programs for children suffering from an improperly functioning small bowel.

  • Condition

    Intussusception

    The most common cause of intestinal obstruction in children between the ages of 3 months and 3 years, when one segment of the intestine slips inside another.

  • Condition

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms affecting the large intestine (large bowel). Learn more about common symptoms and treatment.

  • Condition

    Iselin Disease (Apophysitis of the Fifth Metatarsal)

    Painful irritation and inflammation of the apophysis (growth plate) at the base of the 5th metatarsal (foot bone), where one of the calf muscles inserts.

  • Condition

    Jaundice

    Yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes due to an abnormally high level of bilirubin in the bloodstream, which is then excreted through the kidneys.

  • Condition

    Jaw Deformities

    Present at birth or appearing as the child grows, can cause chewing and eating problems, abnormal speech and eventually lead to the early loss of the child’s teeth.

  • Condition

    Joint Hypermobility Syndrome

    Describing joints that easily move beyond the normal range. It is commonly called being ‘double-jointed,’ although these individuals do not have two separate joints.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Huntington Disease

    A rare form of Huntington Disease that begins before the age of 20, occurring in about 10% of Huntington cases, a hereditary, degenerative disease.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is form of arthritis in children 16 or younger. Learn about causes, symptoms & treatment.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Inflammatory Myopathy

    A group of diseases causing muscle weakness, joint pain, fatigue, clumsiness, a rash on the face and around joints, irritability, weight loss and ulcers in the mouth.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Myositis

    Depending on which muscles are weak (the stomach, arm, back and thigh muscles), the child may have trouble reaching up, bending down or climbing. A rash may be present.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA)

    Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is an aggressive but rare and benign (non-cancerous) tumor of the nasopharynx, the space behind the nose that connects it to the mouth. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans

    A disorder occurring in young people with growth plates not closed yet; a loosening of a piece of bone and the cartilage that covers it; can lead to early arthritis.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Osteoporosis

    In children, the term osteoporosis is used when the density of the bones is significantly below normal (noted on the DXA scan) and they have a fracture history. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Juvenile Rheumatoid-Arthritis-Related Jaw Disorders

    Also called juvenile idiopathic arthritis, may affect many joints in the body, may cause abnormalities in the growth of joint surfaces, leading to growth issues and pain.

  • Condition

    Kasabach-Merritt Phenomenon (KMP)

    A condition that causes problems with blood clotting, caused by a blood vessel tumor, either a tufted angioma or kaposiform hemangioendothelioma.

  • Condition

    Kawasaki Disease

    Kawasaki disease is A serious pediatric illness that causes inflammation of the blood vessels and can damage the coronary arteries of the heart. Learn more.

  • Program

    Kawasaki Disease Center

    The Center for Kawasaki Disease at Lurie Children's is internationally known as one of the most active centers for clinical, educational and research programs.

  • Condition

    Keratitis

    An inflammation or infection of the cornea of the eye, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.

  • Condition

    Keratoconus

    Keratoconus is a rare, progressive disorder of the cornea (the clear, front part of the eye) that causes thinning, steepening, high astigmatism, and can lead to scarring and permanent vision loss. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Keratosis Pilaris

    Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition that causes small bumps on the skin. It is harmless and is treated with a variety of over-the-counter medications.

  • Program

    Ketogenic Diet Program

    Learn how a keto diet can help control childhood epilepsy and seizures, and why the Lurie children's Ketogenic Diet Program one of the best programs of its kind.

  • Condition

    Kidney Stones

    A hard deposit of mineral and acid crystals that sometimes forms inside a kidney, can cause extreme pain while it passes.

  • Program

    Kidney Transplant Program

    Lurie Children's Pediatric Kidney Transplant Program has outcomes among the best programs in the country. Learn more today about how we can help.

  • Program

    Klinefelter Syndrome Program

    The Klinefelter Syndrome Program (also referred to as 47,XXY) offers interdisciplinary care spanning from prenatal consultation to young adulthood. Learn more.

  • Program

    Knee Injury Prevention Program (KIPP®)

    Lurie Children's Institute for Sports Medicine​ offers the Knee Injury Prevention Program, a neuromuscular training program designed to reduce the risk of ACL injuries among female adolescent athletes.

  • Condition

    Knock Knees (Genu Valgum)

    When some children stand, run or walk, their knees seem very close together (or even touch each other) and their ankles are further apart.

  • Condition

    Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (kEDS)

    Kyphoscoliotic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (kEDS) is one of the different subtypes of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Learn more.

  • Condition

    Labial Adhesions

    Also known as “synechia vulvae” or “labial agglutination,” a closure of the opening to the vagina, may occur in the first few months of life or, even more rarely, at a later time.

  • Condition

    Lactose Intolerance

    A condition in which a lack of an enzyme called lactase causes the inability to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk products.

  • Condition

    Laryngeal Cleft

    A laryngeal cleft is a gap in the tissues at the back of the voice box, which sometimes extends further down into the tissues that separate the windpipe and esophagus.

  • Condition

    Laryngeal Web

    Children can be born with a laryngeal web, or it can be acquired as a scar between the vocal cords where they meet.

  • Condition

    Laryngomalacia

    Laryngomalacia is a malformation of the top of the voice box at birth, which causes floppiness of the upper airway above the vocal cords.

  • Treatment

    Lead Evaluation

    Lurie Children’s knows that lead poisoning is a common environmental disease of young children and has developed a program to detect and care for children with lead exposure.

  • Condition

    Legg-Calve-Perthes Syndrome

    A condition involving the bones of the hip joint, when there is not enough blood delivered to the femoral head, the round ball at the top of the thighbone (femur).

  • Condition

    Leukemia

    Cancer of the blood, beginning in the bone marrow, the soft, spongy center of the long bones that produces the three major blood cells: white, red, and platelets.

  • Condition

    Leukodystrophy

    A group of disorders that damage the covering of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal column, so they can no longer transmit signals between the brain and the body.

  • Program

    Leukodystrophy Care Program

    Lurie Children's Leukodystrophy Care Program is a multidisciplinary program providing the best possible comprehensive care to patients with leukodystrophies and their families at every stage of their disease.

  • Condition

    Limb Deformities

    Children who are born with congenital limb differences, or who develop limb deformities in childhood due to other causes, are a wide-ranging and diverse group. Every child and family have unique needs when it comes to surgical correction, reconstruction, lengthening, or even amputation, as well as brace or prosthetic management and physical...

  • Condition

    Lip Tie

    Lip tie occurs when a piece of tissue (a frenulum) behind the upper lip is short and tight. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Little League Elbow (Medial Epicondylar Apophysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate on the inner side of the elbow, occurring in young baseball players and in other sports where players throw often.

  • Condition

    Little League Shoulder (Proximal Humeral Epiphysitis)

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate in the upper arm bone, occurring most often in pitchers and other athletes who do repetitive overhead movements with their arms.

  • Program

    Liver Center

    The Pediatric Liver Center at Lurie Children’s brings together leaders in pediatric hepatology, pediatric surgery, transplant surgery, pathology, infectious disease, oncology and medical imaging to collectively treat patients with a range of liver conditions.

  • Condition

    Liver Encephalopathy

    A condition in which confusion, mental dullness, drowsiness and even coma can be caused by a failure of the liver to function normally.

  • Condition

    Liver Enlargement

    Liver enlargement, also known as enlarged liver, or hepatomegaly, is a larger than normal swelling of the liver, and can be caused by many conditions.

  • Condition

    Liver Failure

    Also called hepatic insufficiency, when the liver can no longer produce bile, filter blood, store vitamins, iron, glucose, break down hemoglobin, insulin, and old red blood cells.

  • Program

    Liver Transplantation Program

    Lurie Children’s has one of the largest and most experienced pediatric liver transplant surgery teams in the country. Learn more about our holistic treatment.

  • Treatment

    Liver Transplants

    A pediatric liver transplant is recommended when a child with serious liver disease will not be able to live without having part or all of the liver replaced.

  • Condition

    Loeys-Dietz Syndrome

    A rare genetic disorder of the connective tissue, similar to Marfan Syndrome, affecting blood vessels, bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles, as well as internal organs.

  • Condition

    Long QT Syndrome

    A disorder causing abnormal heart rhythms, loss of circulation of blood through the heart and loss of consciousness, which can be fatal if not quickly controlled.

  • Condition

    Low Bone Density

    Low bone density or decreased bone density means that your bones are not as dense or strong as they should be. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (LUTO)

    Learn about Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (LUTO), diagnosis, treatment options, and more here at Lurie Children's.

  • Condition

    Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)

    Systemic lupus erythematosus, or simply lupus, is an autoimmune disease characterized by episodes of inflammation that can affect multiple systems of the body.

  • Program

    Lurie Children's Little Ones

    Lurie Children's Little Ones is a comprehensive program for children ages birth to four years old in the Pritzker Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Lymphadenopathy

    Lymphadenopathy is the swelling of the lymph nodes, which are the bean-shaped organs found in the underarm, groin, neck, chest and abdomen. Learn more about causes.

  • Program

    Lymphatic Drainage Disorders Program

    Our Lymphatic Drainage Disorders Program offers an outstanding multidisciplinary care team and state-of-the-art facilities to provide the best care for children with lymphatic disorders. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Lymphatic Malformations

    Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are masses that result from an abnormal formation of small tube-like vessels that collect and transfer fluid in the body's tissue and are part of the immune system. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Macrocephaly-Capillary Malformation Syndrome

    A persistent nevus simplex (port wine stain) as well as a large head. Children also have developmental delays and other malformations, such as extra or enlarged fingers or toes.

  • Condition

    Maffucci Syndrome

    Vascular malformations in the skin and internal organs and tumors occurring in the bone, causing blue, soft skin lesions on one side of the body, often on the hands and feet.

  • Treatment

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    MRI is an imaging technique that uses a large magnet, radio frequencies and a computer to produce two- or three-dimensional images of the body.

  • Condition

    Malformed Teeth

    May result from several conditions including congenital syphilis, cerebral palsy, ectodermal dysplasia, incontinentia pigmenti achromians, cleidocranial dysostosis, for example.

  • Condition

    Mallet Finger

    An injury involving the last joint of the finger caused either by injury to the extensor tendon or to the bone where it inserts. The extensor tendon straightens the last joint.

  • Condition

    Marfan Syndrome

    Marfan syndrome is a condition that affects the connective tissues of the entire body, including joints, eyes, heart, blood vessels, lungs, bones & spinal cord.

  • Treatment

    Masculinizing Hormone Therapy

    For transgender or non-binary patients seeking masculinizing changes, the main form of hormonal treatment is testosterone (masculinizing hormone therapy).

  • Condition

    Mastoiditis

    A bacterial infection within the mastoid, a bone that contains a series of air spaces that connect to the middle ear space.

  • Condition

    Meatal Stenosis

    A narrowing of the urethral opening (at the tip of the penis where urine comes out), sometimes causing the urine stream to be slow or aim upwards.

  • Condition

    Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

    Meconium aspiration syndrome is a condition that occurs when a newborn infant breathes in a mixture of meconium and amniotic fluid. Learn about treatment here.

  • Condition

    Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

    Injury to one of the four major ligaments of the knee, connecting the thigh bone to the shinbone, typically by a blow to the outside of the knee or an inward twisting of the knee.

  • Condition

    Medial Epicondyle Avulsion Fracture

    An elbow injury that occurs most often in young baseball players. These fractures of the bony protrusion inside the elbow, are the most common elbow injury during adolescence.

  • Condition

    Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints)

    A condition that causes pain over the shin bone, the most common cause of “shin splints,” the general term used to describe sports-related pain over that bone.

  • Condition

    Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome

    Also called celiac axis syndrome and Dunbar syndrome, a rare condition resulting in severe abdominal pain after eating, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.

  • Specialty

    Medical Imaging

    The Medical Imaging team provides imaging services to children throughout the hospital, using minimally invasive and low-dose radiation techniques.

  • Condition

    Megameatus

    A condition in which the end of the urethra (the tube in the penis through which urine passes out of the body) is not located at the tip of the penis.

  • Condition

    Megaureter

    A megaureter is an expanded or widened ureter that does not function normally. The size of a megaureter is usually greater than 7 millimeters in diameter.

  • Condition

    Meningitis

    An inflammation of the covering (the “meninges”) of the brain and spinal cord, can be caused by bacteria or a virus, the more common form being viral.

  • Condition

    Meniscus Injuries

    Athletes most commonly tear the meniscus during a sudden twisting, pivoting, cutting or decelerating motion of the knee with the foot planted on the ground. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Menstrual Suppression

    For gender-diverse youth who have started to menstruate (have periods), bleeding can be a source of distress. Learn more about options for menstrual suppression.

  • Treatment

    Mental Health Support for Transgender & Gender Questioning Youth

    Our team has specialized training in psychosocial and mental health issues related to gender development, and they can provide support in a number of ways.

  • Condition

    Mesenteric Cysts & Tumors

    Rare conditions occurring in the folds of tissue that attach the organs of the body to the inside of the abdominal wall, usually treated by surgical removal.

  • Condition

    Metabolic Bone Disease

    A group of disorders affecting bone metabolism, usually caused by abnormalities in calcium or phosphorus and vitamin D, may lead to reduced growth, deformities, and fractures.

  • Condition

    Metabolic Disorders

    When several organs and glands (the liver, pancreas, and endocrine glands, for example) do not function correctly, causing an imbalance of enzymes or hormones in the cells.

  • Condition

    Metatarsal Stress Fractures

    Fractures occurring in the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones of the foot, usually caused by repetitive, high-impact, weight-bearing activities.

  • Condition

    Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloccus Aureus (MRSA)

    A type of bacteria resistant to certain antibiotics, including methicillin and other more common antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin and amoxicillin.

  • Condition

    Micropenis

    A micropenis, or microphallus, is a normally structured penis that is smaller than the normal size range for an infant. Learn more about

  • Condition

    Microtia & Aural Atresia

    A small, abnormally shaped ear, ranging from a minimally deformed small ear to a complete absence of the ear, and the absence of the ear canal; commonly found together.

  • Program

    Microtia and Aural Atresia Program

    Lurie Children's Microtia Program treats infants and children with the ear deformities, hearing loss, and speech and language difficulties that come with microtia and aural atresia.

  • Condition

    Migraines

    A common childhood complaint with symptoms of moderate to severe intensity, usually described as “throbbing,” may include vision changes, tiredness and mood changes.

  • Treatment

    Minimally Invasive Injections for Painful Conditions of the Spine

    At Lurie Children's, our Neurointerventional Radiology team performs different procedures to treat painful conditions of the spine caused by either disease or injury. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Minimally Invasive Surgery

    Instead of traditional incisions, requiring weeks for healing, minimally invasive procedures use instruments to see inside the body and perform procedures with small incisions that heal more rapidly.

  • Program

    Minimally Invasive Urology Surgery

    Urologic surgeons at Lurie Children’s have performed over 350 robot-assisted minimally invasive surgeries, even for babies as young as six months.

  • Condition

    Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Caused when the left ventricle of the heart contracts, part of the valve falls back into the left atrium, allowing blood to leak back through the valve into the atrium.

  • Condition

    Mixed Vascular Malformations

    Mixed vascular malformations are quite common in children. Learn more about pediatric mixed vascular malformations and available treatment options here.

  • Condition

    Molluscum Contagiosum

    Smooth, pearly, flesh-colored skin growths, beginning as small bumps, found on the face and body but may grow in the mouth or on the eyelid.

  • Condition

    Mood & Anxiety Disorders

    Many children can have behaviors resulting from feelings that are very difficult for them to cope with. Learn more.

  • Program

    Mood & Anxiety Program

    Lurie Children's Mood and Anxiety Program provides evidence-based assessment and treatment of mood and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.

  • Condition

    Mood Disorders (Affective Disorders)

    Mood disorders (affective disorders) are a category of mental health problems that include depressive disorders. Learn more about mood disorders in children.

  • Program

    Mood, Anxiety, ADHD Collaborative Care (MAACC) Program

    The goal of the Mood, Anxiety, ADHD Collaborative Care (MAACC) program is to work with you and your pediatrician, using a team-based approach known as collaborative care, to personalize your child’s treatment and monitor your child’s progress.

  • Condition

    Morton Neuroma (Intermetatarsal Neuropathy/Perineural Fibroma)

    A swelling and growth of tissue surrounding the nerves between the bones of the foot, resulting from consistent irritation, injury or occurring for unknown reasons.

  • Condition

    Mosaic RASopathies

    RASopathies are a group of genetic conditions so named because they are caused by problems in the RAS pathway. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Motor Milestones Therapy

    Lurie Children's treats children who are behind in developing their gross and fine motor skills, whether from known conditions such as cerebral palsy, or with those otherwise healthy who struggle to achieve common milestones.

  • Condition

    Movement Dysfunction

    Affecting the ability to walk, maintain balance, and participate in athletics; chronic pain and decreased range of motion are usually also present.

  • Condition

    Moyamoya Disease

    A rare, progressive cerebrovascular disorder, the name (in Japanese) describing the look of the tangle of tiny vessels formed to compensate for the blockage.

  • Condition

    Mucopolysaccharidoses

    Disorders caused by the deficiency of an enzyme that breaks down mucopolysaccharides, which then accumulate in the tissues of the body, causing various symptoms.

  • Program

    Mucopolysaccharidoses & Mucolipidoses Treatment Program​

    Lurie Children's Mucopolysaccharidoses and Mucolipidoses Treatment Program provides comprehensive care and assists patients and families in the management of these complex conditions.

  • Condition

    Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney (MCDK)

    A condition that results from the malformation of the kidney during fetal development, consisting of irregular cysts of varying sizes that resemble a bunch of grapes.

  • Program

    Multidisciplinary Valves Program

    Lurie Children’s Multidisciplinary Valves Program (MVP) Clinic is the most experienced comprehensive pediatric clinic in the region treating this rare urological condition in infants and children. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Multiple Fractures

    If a child has had two or more long bone fractures under the age of 10 years or three long bone fractures under the age of 19 years, this would be considered a significant history of multiple fractures. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Multiple Sclerosis

    A disease of the central nervous system in which the cells that protect the nerves are damaged, decreasing their ability to transmit signals of muscle control or sensation.

  • Condition

    Muscle Contusion

    An injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg, with the most commonly involved muscle being the quadriceps.

  • Condition

    Muscular Dystrophies

    Thirty or more genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement.

  • Program

    Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) Clinic

    Lurie Children’s works with the Muscular Dystrophy Association in clinical partnership to improve the care of children living with neuromuscular diseases.

  • Condition

    Myasthenia Gravis (congenital and acquired)

    A life-long condition in which the immune system fights its own body, causing problems with nerves that communicate with the muscles, resulting in muscle weakness.

  • Condition

    Myelodysplastic Syndrome

    A bone marrow disorder sometimes seen in younger patients. It is characterized by a failure of the bone marrow to produce mature healthy blood cells.

  • Condition

    Myocardial Bridging

    A congenital anomaly in which the arteries that feed the muscles of the heart form inside the heart muscle instead of on the outer surface.

  • Condition

    Myocarditis/Pericarditis

    Inflammation of the heart muscle or of the lining outside the heart, the immune system causing inflammation to get rid of infection or in response to some other trigger.

  • Condition

    Myoclonus

    The sudden involuntary contraction or relaxation of a muscle or group of muscles.

  • Condition

    Myopia (Nearsightedness)

    Myopia (nearsightedness) is a common eye problem with increasing prevalence world-wide. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Nager Syndrome

    A rare genetic condition causing physical abnormalities, most commonly in the face, hands, and arms. Small or missing thumbs are a usual feature of this syndrome.

  • Condition

    Narcolepsy

    A sleep condition affecting 1 in 2,000 people, characterized by inappropriate sleep patterns and excessive – at times irresistible – daytime sleepiness.

  • Condition

    Nasal & Jaw Deformities

    Genetic conditions resulting in malformations of the face, head and jaw, in some cases only cosmetic, in other cases affecting breathing, eating, hearing and vision.

  • Condition

    Nasal Fracture (Broken Nose)

    Possible signs of nasal fracture (broken nose) include bruising of the nose and under the eyes, nosebleeds after injury, swelling of the nose or a crooked appearance of the nose. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Natal Teeth

    What are Natal Teeth? Natal teeth, also known as prenatal teeth, are teeth present in a baby's mouth at birth. Natal teeth are very rare, occurring in only about 1 in 2,000 to 3,000 newborns. These teeth usually appear on the lower front gums, where the central incisors (the middle two front teeth) would typically erupt later. What Causes Natal...

  • Condition

    Navicular Stress Fracture

    An overuse injury of one of the bones in the midfoot, resulting from too much repetitive stress placed on a bone, causing swelling, weakening and cracking.

  • Condition

    Neck Abscess

    A mass of pus (yellowish-white fluid filled with dead white blood cells) from an infection that collects in spaces between the structures of the neck.

  • Condition

    Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    A serious intestinal illness in babies, involving damage to intestinal tissues, which can lead to a hole in the intestines, allowing bacteria in the intestine to leak into the abdomen.

  • Program

    Neonatal Cardiac Surgery

    Neonatal cardiac surgery is heart surgery performed on newborn children to repair congenital heart defects. Learn more about our experts and procedures.

  • Condition

    Neonatal Hemochromatosis

    A serious and usually fatal condition in which fetuses and infants under one month accumulate iron in the liver and other tissues, typically resulting in liver failure.

  • Condition

    Neonatal Sepsis

    A blood infection common in preterm, low-birth-weight babies, can be caused by bacteria or virus, commonly Group B streptococcus but most dangerously by E. coli.

  • Specialty

    Neonatology

    The Division of Neonatology at Lurie Children's has a top-ranked Level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for critically ill newborns. Learn more.

  • Specialty

    Nephrology (Kidney Diseases)

    The Division of Pediatric Nephrology at Lurie Children's provides top-ranked care for pediatric kidney diseases and kidney failure. Learn more here.

  • Condition

    Nephrosis

    A group of symptoms affecting both kidneys, usually with no obvious cause, indicated by high albumin in the urine, high blood cholesterol and fluid retention throughout the body.

  • Condition

    Neuroblastoma

    A cancerous tumor beginning in nerve tissue of infants and very young children, rare in children older than 10-years-old, but occasionally occurring in adults.

  • Program

    Neurocritical Care Program

    Lurie Children's Neurocritical Care Program includes physicians, nurses and scientists from Neurology, Critical Care, Neurosurgery, Medical Psychology, Neuroradiology, and Rehabilitation, treating infants and children with brain injuries.

  • Condition

    Neurofibromatosis

    An inherited condition characterized by benign tumors in the cells surrounding nerves, occurring in two types: Type 1 found in younger children, and Type 2 in the older child.

  • Program

    Neurofibromatosis Program

    Lurie Children's Neurofibromatosis Program brings together a team of ophthalmologists, orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons and oncologists, seeing more than 300 patients with neurofibromatosis a year.

  • Condition

    Neurogenic Bladder

    A complex condition in which the nerves and muscles of the bladder can’t work together, preventing the bladder and sphincter muscles from functioning properly.

  • Treatment

    Neuroimaging

    State-of-the-art neuroimaging includes computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and advanced neuroimaging techniques such functional MRI (fMRI).

  • Program

    Neurointerventional Radiology

    Pediatric Neurointerventional Radiology refers to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for the brain, spine, head, and neck. Learn more at Lurie Children's.

  • Program

    Neurointestinal and Motility Program

    The pediatric motility specialists at our Neurointestinal and Motility Program provide comprehensive diagnostic evaluation and treatment for motility disorders.

  • Condition

    Neurologic Disorders & Injuries

    Any structural, chemical or electrical disturbances in the central nervous system can result in weakness, paralysis, lack of coordination or sensation, confusion or pain.

  • Specialty

    Neurology

    Lurie Children's pediatric neurology ranks nationally for the advanced treatment of neurological conditions in children. Learn more about our expert care here.

  • Program

    Neuromodulation Clinic (VNS & RNS)

    The Neuromodulation Clinic (VNS & RNS) at Lurie Children’s focuses on alternative surgical intervention, including Vagal Nerve Stimulation and Responsive Neurostimulation.

  • Condition

    Neuromuscular Disorders

    Conditions affecting control of voluntary muscles, especially those of the legs and arms, affecting a child’s crawling, walking, head and neck control, breathing and swallowing.

  • Program

    Neuromuscular Program

    Lurie Children’s Mazza Foundation Neuromuscular Program provides specialized care to families and children with medically challenging neuromuscular conditions and advances research to find new therapies.

  • Treatment

    Neuromuscular Rehabilitation & Therapy

    Lurie Children's Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Services are part of the multidisciplinary Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) Program, currently the only MDA clinic in the Chicago area focusing solely on pediatrics.

  • Condition

    Neuropathy

    Neuropathy describes several diseases of, damage to, or malfunctions of the nervous system.

  • Program

    Neuropsychiatry Program

    Lurie Children’s Neuropsychiatry Program serves patients with neurologic disorders such as seizures, tumors, brain injury and cerebral palsy.

  • Specialty

    Neurosurgery

    Lurie Children's is nationally ranked in pediatric neurosurgery for the advanced treatment of neurologic conditions in children. Learn more here.

  • Program

    Neurovascular Disease and Stroke Program

    The Neurovascular Disease and Stroke Program provides comprehensive treatments and services in all areas of neurovascular care for patients ranging in age from infancy through adulthood.

  • Program

    Neuro​psychology Testing

    Neuropsychology (ne​uropsych) testing evaluates a patient’s cognitive strengths and weaknesses. Read more.

  • Condition

    Neutropenia

    Neutropenia in children is a condition in which the body does not have enough neutrophils — a type of white blood cell that helps fight bacterial infections.

  • Condition

    Nevi

    Plural of nevus, a skin marking present at birth or appearing within a few weeks of birth, occurring anywhere and very common in infants. Most are harmless.

  • Condition

    Nevus Simplex

    A type of capillary malformation when the small blood vessels are larger than normal, and since capillaries are close to the surface of the skin, the area appears more pink or red.

  • Program

    New Onset Epilepsy Clinic

    The New Onset Epilepsy Clinic at Lurie Children’s addresses the need for prompt appointments for children who have had their first seizure or a new diagnosis of epilepsy.

  • Treatment

    Newborn Screening for Cystic Fibrosis

    Working with the State of Illinois and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Lurie Children’s offers rapid testing, counseling and initiation of care for infants with positive newborn screening tests.

  • Program

    NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program

    The NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program (NCNP) at Lurie Children's evaluates and cares for children from birth to adulthood. Learn more.

  • Program

    NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program: Child & Adolescent Clinic

    Lurie Children's NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program: Child & Adolescent Clinic is one of only a few programs nationwide providing care for infants and young children through the Neonatal and Cardiac Intensive Care Follow-Up Clinic and to school-age.

  • Program

    NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program: Early Childhood Clinic

    Lurie Children’s NICU-Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program: Early Childhood Clinic is a developmental follow-up service, supporting your child’s development from infancy through preschool.

  • Condition

    Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis

    A more severe condition of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease that adds inflammation and scarring to a fatty liver and can lead to liver cirrhosis.

  • Program

    Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (Fatty Liver Disease) Program

    Lurie Children's Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis Program's team of liver specialists, a registered dietitian, nurses and a social worker conducts laboratory and clinical research projects to help promote patient care and better educate families.

  • Condition

    Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    A cancer in the lymphatic system, including three types: Lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin, Burkitt or non-Burkitt, and Large cell or non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Condition

    Noonan Syndrome

    What is Noonan Syndrome? Noonan syndrome is a genetic condition that is part of a larger group of conditions called RASopathies . RASopathies arise when something goes wrong in a pathway involved in the way the cells of our bodies communicate the information they need to function properly. Since the cells of our bodies make up our tissues, organs...

  • Condition

    Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines

    What is Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines? Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (NSML) is a genetic condition that is part of a larger group of conditions called RASopathies . RASopathies arise when something goes wrong in a pathway involved in the way the cells of our bodies communicate the information they need to function properly....

  • Condition

    Norovirus

    Norovirus is a contagious virus that causes vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, stomach cramps and other symptoms. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Nosebleed

    Bleeding from the nose; a common occurrence in young children.

  • Treatment

    Nuclear Medicine

    Nuclear medicine scans u​se tiny amounts of radioactive materials (isotopes), a special camera and a computer to create images from various parts of the body.

  • Specialty

    Nutrition

    The Department of Clinical Nutrition’s dietitians provide a wide range of services for patients of all ages, including assessment, developing care plans, monitoring and education.

  • Condition

    Nystagmus

    Nystagmus is involuntary eye movements that make the eyes look like they are shaking. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Obesity

    A Body Mass Index (BMI) at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and gender, possibly resulting in high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, asthma, etc.

  • Condition

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

    Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) starts in adolescence or young adulthood and involves both thoughts and behaviors that are hard to control. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

    Intervals of no airflow through the nose and mouth during sleep despite continued attempts to breathe in and out.

  • Condition

    Obstructive Uropathy

    A broad term referring to any disease of the upper or lower urinary tract that restricts the flow of urine, among common congenital urinary tract abnormalities in children.

  • Specialty

    Occupational Therapy

    Lurie Children's provides specialized pediatric occupational therapy services for children of all ages, from infancy to adolescence.

  • Condition

    Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum (Goldenhar Syndrome, Craniofacial Microsomia)

    An assortment of congenital malformations that affect various parts of the head and upper body.

  • Specialty

    Ophthalmology

    The pediatric ophthalmologists at Lurie Children's provide world-class treatment for eye disorders, trauma, and vision problems in children.

  • Condition

    Optic Neuritis

    Optic neuritis is the inflammation and swelling of the optic nerve. The optic nerve connects the back of the eye to the brain and transmits signals allowing sight.

  • Program

    Oral Immunotherapy Program

    Oral immunotherapy (OIT) “retrains” the immune system to be less reactive to allergenic foods by feeding a patient increasing doses of the allergen over time.

  • Condition

    Orbital Fractures

    An orbital fracture is a condition where one or more bones surrounding the eye are broken. Learn more.

  • Program

    Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy Program

    Lurie Children's Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy Program specialists are trained in the evaluation and treatment of swallowing and disorders of the structures of the lips, tongue, jaw, cheeks and palate.

  • Specialty

    Orthopaedics

    Orthopedic Surgery at Lurie Children’s provides a range of services for children with bone, joint, muscle, ligament, tendon and nerve (musculoskeletal) disorders.

  • Specialty

    Orthotics & Prosthetics

    The pediatric orthotics team at Lurie Children's combines science and innovative techniques to create customized prosthetics and leg braces for children.

  • Condition

    Os Trigonum Syndrome

    When a small bone in the back of the ankle and its tendons are injured, inflamed and painful by repeated pointing of the toes, as in soccer, basketball and dance.

  • Condition

    Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the top of the shin bone, where the patella tendon inserts, commonly occurring in children between 9 and 15.

  • Condition

    Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is sometimes called brittle bone disease. It is a genetic disorder that affects the quality (and sometimes the quantity) of the bone. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Osteoid Osteoma

    An osteoid osteoma is a common, benign (non-cancerous) tumor that usually develops in the femur and tibia, but can also occur on the spine. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Osteomyelitis

    An infection in the bone, usually in the long bones but can affect any bone in the body, most commonly in premature infants and babies born with complications.

  • Condition

    Osteosarcoma in Children

    Osteosarcoma is one of the most common types of pediatric bone cancer usually occurring in the arms, legs and pelvis. Learn more about diagnosis and treatment.

  • Condition

    Otitis Media (Ear Infection)

    Inflammation of the middle ear, often occurring with a viral upper respiratory tract illness, and is one of the most common diagnoses for U.S. children.

  • Condition

    Otorrhea (Ear Drainage)

    Otorrhea, or drainage from the ear, can occur after a ruptured ear drum from an acute ear infection, if the ear(s) become infected after tympanostomy tube (ear tube) placement, and from external ear infections.

  • Program

    Outpatient Psychiatric Services

    Lurie Children's Outpatient Psychiatric Services Program provides more than 18,000 clinical visits yearly, for anxiety disorders, psychoses, behavior problems, school problems, affective disorders, PTSD, developmental delay and adjustment problems.

  • Treatment

    Ovarian Cryopreservation Procedure

    Ovarian cryopreservation for fertility is a procedure needed due to childhood cancer treatment. Learn more about ovarian tissue freezing here.

  • Condition

    Ovarian Cysts

    An accumulation of fluid in the ovary encapsulated inside a thin wall of tissue, very common especially in women of childbearing age, and usually harmless.

  • Condition

    Ovarian Torsion

    When the ovary twists on its axis, twisting its venous and lymphatic vessels and thus shutting down its blood supply, causing severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.

  • Condition

    Ovotesticular Difference of Sexual Development

    The rarest of sex development abnormalities, in which both female ovaries and male testicles are present in the child at birth.

  • Condition

    Oxalosis

    A rare metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent kidney and bladder stones, caused by an overproduction of oxalate.

  • Program

    Pain Management

    Learn about our different methods of making your child comfortable. Our anesthesiologists strive to make sure your child feels the least amount of pain possible during and after procedures.

  • Specialty

    Palliative Care

    Lurie Children's Pediatric Palliative Care team focuses on improving the quality of life for children and their families.

  • Condition

    Palpitations

    Heart palpitations in children, the uncomfortable awareness of heartbeats, are a common complaint. Learn more about palpitation causes, diagnosis and treatment.

  • Condition

    Panner Disease

    A condition affecting the growth plate at the end of the upper arm bone, in which it loses its blood supply and the nearby bone softens and collapses.

  • Condition

    Parasomnia

    Sleep disorders among children are common. Issues that disrupt sleep once it has started, such as sleepwalking and night terrors, are known as “parasomnias.”

  • Condition

    Parathyroid Disorders

    The parathyroid glands control the levels of calcium and phosphorus stored in the bones and circulated in the blood. Disorders occur either when the glands become either overactive or underactive. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Parkinsonism

    A group of symptoms usually including tremor, slowness of movement, rigidity, and postural instability, similar to Parkinson's disease, but resulting from several causes.

  • Condition

    Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

    A genetic defect causing the undifferentiated genitals of the developing baby to fail to respond correctly to male sex hormones, and not develop fully male characteristics.

  • Program

    Partial Hospitalization Program

    Lurie Children's Partial Hospitalization Program is an intensive, five-day treatment program serving children ages 10-14 requiring more intense treatment for psychiatric problems but can be safely maintained at home.

  • Condition

    Patella Tendonitis

    When the tendon connecting the kneecap to the shinbone and the tissues that surround it become irritated and painful from overuse, especially from jumping.

  • Condition

    Patellar Dislocation (Kneecap Dislocation)

    When the kneecap pops out of its usual place in the groove at the end of the thigh bone, often with sudden onset of pain and swelling.

  • Condition

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

    A common knee problem involving pain under and around the kneecap, usually in the soft-tissue supporting structures (patellar ligaments, bursae, and tendons).

  • Condition

    Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    A tube-like connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery, which usually closes shortly after birth, but sometimes doesn't close, commonly in premature infants.

  • Specialty

    Pathology & Laboratory Medicine

    Lurie Children's Pathology and Laboratory department offer expertise and state-of-the-art technology to deliver efficient, timely and high-quality services.

  • Treatment

    Pavlik Harness

    A brace used to treat long-term developmental problems of the hip, including a shallow hip socket or a dislocated hip.

  • Program

    PCOS Clinic

    Our Multidisciplinary PCOS Program is the only multidisciplinary clinic in Chicago dedicated to teens & young adults. Learn how our specialists can help.

  • Condition

    Pectus Carinatum

    Pectus Carinatum, or pigeon chest, causes the sternum, or breastbone, to protrude out in front of the rest of the chest. Get information on treatment here.

  • Condition

    Pectus Excavatum

    Pectus exacavatum, known as sunken chest or funnel chest, occurs in 1 in 400 births. Get information on chest wall deformity treatment here.

  • Treatment

    Pediatric Concussion Evaluation

    Pediatric concussion evaluations are conducted by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare providers with expertise in concussion care. Learn what to expect here.

  • Condition

    Pediatric Hernias

    A protrusion of tissue or an organ through an opening or weakness in the muscle wall that usually contains it. Infants can be born with them.

  • Program

    Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy Program

    Lurie Children's offers physical therapy (PT) for our patients with pelvic floor dysfunction. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Penile Skin Bridge - Penile Adhesions

    Can result from a procedure such as circumcision if the skin around the head of the penis is not retracted during healing, but can also occur in uncircumcised young boys.

  • Program

    Perinatal Palliative Care

    The Perinatal Palliative Care Program offers support for families who have received a fetal diagnosis that is potentially life-threatening or life-limiting.

  • Condition

    Periodic Fevers

    The body's reaction to infection, common in children, most of the time going away in 2–3 days. Fevers in newborns and infants should, however, be evaluated by a physician.

  • Condition

    Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension

    Also called persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn or persistent fetal circulation syndrome, a serious breathing condition for newborns. Its cause is unknown.

  • Treatment

    PET/CT Scan

    A imaging test to detect cancer and neurological diseases, using special pictures taken after a tiny amount of a radioactive liquid is injected into a vein.

  • Condition

    PHACE(S) Syndrome

    An acronym for the syndrome: Posterior fossa malformations, Hemangioma, Arterial anomalies, Cardiac anomalies, Eye abnormalities, and Sternal clefting and supraumbilical raphe.

  • Condition

    Pharyngitis & Tonsillitis

    An infection of the pharynx and/or tonsils, very common in children, and usually caused by the Streptococcus virus, thus commonly referred to as “strep throat.”

  • Condition

    Phenylketonuria (PKU)

    An enzyme deficiency which prevents the metabolizing of one of the normal amino acids found in meat, bread, eggs, dairy, nuts and some fruits and vegetables.

  • Treatment

    PHOX2B Gene Test

    PHOX2B gene testing is performed by the Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory at Lurie Children's to detect mutations associated with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome-like symptoms.

  • Specialty

    Physical Therapy

    Our pediatric physical therapy team treats children with health issues associated with motor development and movement dysfunction due to disease or injury.

  • Treatment

    Physical Therapy for Children in the NICU/CCU

    Our physical therapists treat babies in the NICU and CCU who have had surgery or are diagnosed with a range of conditions.

  • Treatment

    Physical Therapy for Torticollis

    For children with torticollis, Lurie Children's physical therapists assess the needs of each child and provide treatment, home exercise and positioning suggestions.

  • Condition

    Pierre Robin Sequence

    A rare group of deformities affecting the head and jaw, sometimes connected with other abnormal developments in other parts of the body.

  • Program

    Pigmented Lesion Center

    The Pediatric Pigmented Lesion Clinic at Lurie Children’s provides the best possible care to children with complex pigmented lesions. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Pilonidal Cyst

    An abnormal pocket in the skin of the lower back, usually near the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks.

  • Condition

    Pityriasis Rosea

    A common disorder in children and young adults, characterized by scaly, pink, and inflamed skin.

  • Condition

    Plague

    A serious infectious disease in rodents that is also transmissible to humans through the bite of rat fleas.

  • Condition

    Plantar Fasciitis

    Inflammation and irritation of the plantar fascia, a band of tough, fibrous tissue that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot, providing support for the arch of the foot.

  • Specialty

    Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery

    The Division of Plastic Surgery at Lurie Children's compassionately treats congenital defects in all children, from infancy to adolescence.

  • Condition

    Pneumonia

    An inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or chemical irritants.

  • Condition

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is a group of symptoms that occur when the ovaries or adrenal glands produce too much male hormone. Learn more about PCOS in teens.

  • Condition

    Pompe Disease

    A rare genetic disease of the heart and skeletal muscles caused by a lack alpha-glucosidase which results in the build-up of glycogen, disabling heart and skeletal muscles.

  • Treatment

    Ponseti Method

    The Ponseti Method includes three phases of treatment for clubfoot: casting, Achilles tendon release and bracing.

  • Condition

    Portal Hypertension

    Pediatric portal hypertension is high blood pressure in the portal vein that carries blood to the liver. Learn about causes, symptoms & treatment options here.

  • Condition

    Portal Vein Thrombosis

    Portal vein thrombosis is a rare disorder in which a clot forms blocking the main portal vein going into the liver. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Posterior Urethral Valves

    Abnormal valves that prevent the normal release of urine, causing the kidneys and collecting systems to become overfilled and expanded.

  • Condition

    Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus (PHH)

    A build-up of fluid due to damage to blood vessels within the brain during the birth process and afterward.

  • Condition

    Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)

    A chronic condition most often seen after the onset of puberty, usually indicated by the elevation of heart rate upon standing, causing dizziness and palpitations.

  • Program

    POTS Program

    The POTS Program at Lurie Children’s provides comprehensive care to patients with cardiovascular symptoms of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS). Learn more.

  • Condition

    Precocious (Early) Puberty

    When the body’s changes toward sexual maturity start much sooner than usual: before girls are eight years old and before boys are nine years old.

  • Program

    Preventive Cardiology Program

    The Preventive Cardiology Program is committed to improving the health of children at risk for heart disease. We care for children who have cardiac risk factors for heart and vascular disease which may include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and a family history of heart attacks and strokes.

  • Specialty

    Primary Care Pediatrics

    When your child comes down with a common illness or requires a routine check-up, you want to make sure they’re in expert hands. Lurie Children’s primary care services offer the right care in the right place at the right time.

  • Program

    Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) Center of Excellence

    Lurie Children’s is one of a handful of institutions in the country – and the first in Illinois – to offer a Pediatric Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) Center of Excellence accredited by the PCD Foundation.

  • Condition

    Primary Immune Deficiencies (PID)

    Primary immunodeficiency (PID) disorders are rare, genetic disorders that impair the immune system. There are more than 200 difference forms of PID.

  • Program

    Program in Inflammation, Immunity, and the Microbiome

    The Program in Inflammation, Immunity, and the Microbiome (PrIIMe) is dedicated to meeting the needs of pediatric patients with complex disorders of the immune system that affect multiple body systems. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Proteus Syndrome

    A rare, progressive overgrowth syndrome, involving different tissues, such as the nervous system, the skin and tissue below the skin, connective tissue and organs.

  • Treatment

    Proton Therapy

    Proton Therapy is offered through the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center.

  • Condition

    Prune Belly Syndrome

    Also called Eagle-Barrett syndrome or Obrinsky syndrome, characterized by poor development of abdominal muscles, undescended testicles, and urinary tract problems.

  • Condition

    Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)

    A condition caused by pressure around the brain that mimics a tumor when there is no tumor, thought to be caused by a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain.

  • Condition

    Psoriasis

    Childhood psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed, red, raised areas that develop silvery scales. Learn more about causes and treatment.

  • Specialty

    Psychiatry

    Lurie Children's specializes in care for complex pediatric behavioral and mental health disorders by pediatric psychiatrists and psychologists.

  • Condition

    Psychogenic Non-neurological Syndromes

    Seizures, fainting, and other movement disorders which may have both organic and psychological causes.

  • Condition

    Psychoses

    Conditions that cause a loss of connection with reality, with symptoms including delusions, hallucinations, incoherent speech or nonsensical behavior.

  • Condition

    PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome

    A group of rare syndromes that result from mutations in the PTEN gene, a gene that normally stops cells from growing and dividing uncontrolled (“suppressor genes”).

  • Treatment

    Pubertal Suppression Therapy

    Pubertal suppression therapy is a non-invasive, reversible process for transgender and gender-questioning adolescents also referred to as “puberty blocking”.

  • Condition

    Pulmonary Atresia

    A heart malformation in which the valve from the right side of the heart that would normally allow the movement of blood from the heart to the lungs does not form.

  • Program

    Pulmonary Habilitation Program

    Many of Lurie Children's Pulmonary Habilitation Program patients come from neonatal or pediatric intensive care units throughout the Midwest, typically needing ventilators to help them breathe.

  • Condition

    Pulmonary Hypertension

    High blood pressure in the lungs, a disease of the very small blood vessels in the lungs, affecting not only the lungs but the heart as well.

  • Program

    Pulmonary Hypertension Service

    Lurie Children’s Pulmonary Hypertension Service cares for children of all ages with pulmonary hypertension, a disease of the very small blood vessels within the lungs, with expertise from Pulmonary Medicine, the Heart Center and Neonatology.

  • Specialty

    Pulmonary Medicine

    Our pediatric pulmonology department ranks nationally for pediatric pulmonary care. Learn more about our approach to pediatric pulmonary medicine & lung care.

  • Condition

    Pulmonary Stenosis

    A pulmonary valve that doesn't open properly, causing the right ventricle of the heart to pump harder, restricting the amount of blood reaching the lungs for oxygenation.

  • Program

    Pulmonary Valve Replacement

    When replacement of the pulmonary valve is recommended, it can be achieved two ways: surgery and catheterization. Lurie Children’s has experts in both areas so all patients can be managed successfully.

  • Condition

    Pulmonary Vein Stenosis

    Pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare but serious problem in which the veins that connect the lungs to the heart become narrowed. Learn more.

  • Program

    Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Program

    Lurie Children's Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Program is dedicated to working with families to provide the best, individualized treatment to all children with pulmonary vein stenosis. Learn more.

  • Treatment

    Pulsed Dye Laser

    Pulsed Dye Laser (PDL) is used to treat various blood vessel conditions of the skin.

  • Condition

    Rapid-onset Obesity with Hypothalamic Dysfunction, Hypoventilation & Autonomic Dysregulation (ROHHAD)

    A large weight gain in a short amount of time, accompanied by the dysfunction of the hypothalamus; a very rare disorder.

  • Program

    RASopathy Program

    RASopathies impact numerous body systems, including the cardiovascular, endocrine and nervous systems. The RASopathy Program team at Lurie Children’s helps children and families coordinate appointments with different specialists, both within and outside of Lurie Children’s.

  • Condition

    Receptive & Expressive Language Difficulties

    Indicated by problems understanding what people say, following spoken directions, organizing thoughts, putting words into sentences, or finding the right words.

  • Program

    Reconstructive Microsurgery Program

    Lurie Children’s Reconstructive Microsurgery Program treats deformities resulting from trauma, tumors, burns or congenital conditions.

  • Program

    Reconstructive Urology

    Lurie Children’s nationally ranked Pediatric Reconstructive Urology Program treats congenital abnormalities of the kidney, bladder and genitalia.

  • Condition

    Recurrent Clostridium Difficile

    One of several serious infections commonly transmitted in health care environments, with those most at risk being the elderly, those taking antibiotics, and those immunosuppressed.

  • Condition

    Recurrent Pneumothorax

    Occurring when air gets between the lung and the inside of the chest wall, causing the lung itself to collapse, tending to occur in young adults, especially those tall and thin.

  • Condition

    Refractive Errors

    Conditions which affect vision and may require corrective lenses for correction or improvement, including astigmatism, hyperopia and myopia.

  • Specialty

    Rehabilitative Services

    Lurie Children's specializes in pediatric rehabilitation for children with speech, hearing and movement conditions.

  • Condition

    Repetitive Shoulder Strain Injuries

    An injury caused by a task that is done repeatedly, such as prolonged manual wheelchair use, causing pain and injury of the upper extremities, especially the shoulders.

  • Condition

    Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Also called Hyaline Membrane Disease, a condition of premature infant lungs due to insufficient surfactant, a substance in the lungs that helps the air sacs stay open.

  • Condition

    Respiratory Failure

    A condition in which the lungs are unable to absorb enough oxygen and expel enough carbon dioxide to maintain the health of the rest of the body’s organs.

  • Condition

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), whose symptoms are similar to those of many other common illnesses, infects most children before the age of two. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Retinoblastoma

    Retinoblastoma is a rare eye cancer found in children which tends to run in families. Learn about retinoblastoma symptoms and treatment from Lurie Children's.

  • Condition

    Retinopathy of Prematurity

    A disorder of the blood vessels of the light-sensitive part of the eye, most common in premature babies.

  • Program

    Retinopathy of Prematurity Program

    Lurie Children’s provides world-class treatment and care for a full range of pediatric eye disorders, including Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). In addition to treating and managing care for babies with ROP, the division is committed to advancing care through research. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Retractile Testes

    A testicle that moves in and out of the scrotum, instead of resting in the scrotum at all times.

  • Condition

    Rhabdomyosarcoma

    Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor in the soft tissues of the body. Learn more.

  • Specialty

    Rheumatology

    Lurie Children's Division of Rheumatology provides state-of-the-art diagnoses and care for children who have been diagnosed with rheumatic conditions.

  • Condition

    Rib Lesions

    Rare structural changes in the ribs arising from several causes including congenital bone dysplasia, an acquired metabolic disease, trauma, infection, or tumors.

  • Condition

    Rickets

    Also called osteomalacia, rachitis, a condition in which bones become soft or deformed due to lack of calcium and phosphorus, caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.

  • Condition

    Ringworm

    A common childhood fungal infection causing scaly and ring-shaped lesions on the skin with a central clearing and raised edges.

  • Program

    Robotic Surgery Program

    Lurie Children's is one of the only pediatric centers in the world that is home to a comprehensive robotic surgery program using the latest Intuitive Da Vinci surgical system. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

    Inflammation or irritation in the tendons of the shoulder joint, rare in children and adolescents.

  • Condition

    Rotavirus

    Rotavirus is a virus that causes diarrhea; the most common cause of infectious diarrhea in the United States especially in kids younger than two years old.

  • Program

    Safety & Well-Being (SAW) Clinic

    The Safety and Well-Being (SAW) Clinic at Lurie Children's provides a wide range of clinical services and support to patients and families in cases where child maltreatment is either suspected or has been identified. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Salter-Harris I Fracture of the Distal Fibula

    A fracture that goes through the plane of the growth plate of the ankle, without injuring the mature bone, the mildest fracture that can occur to a growth plate.

  • Program

    Sarcoma Program

    Lurie Children’s sarcoma team offers comprehensive multidisciplinary care for children and adolescents diagnosed with bone and soft tissue sarcomas.

  • Condition

    Scaphoid Fracture

    A break in one of the eight small bones of the wrist, most often occurring during a fall when the landing point is on the base of the outstretched hand.

  • Condition

    Scleroderma Syndromes

    A group of rare, chronic, possibly autoimmune diseases which are typically characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs.

  • Condition

    Scoliosis

    Scoliosis is a spine condition causing the back to curve to the side. Learn more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis in children.

  • Program

    Scoliosis Program

    Our Scoliosis Program is staffed by pediatric scoliosis specialists that provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary care, evaluation and management of scoliosis.

  • Program

    Second Opinions

    Consider getting a second opinion from the pediatric specialists at Lurie Children's. A second opinion can offer peace of mind that your child is receiving appropriate medical care.

  • Condition

    Seizures in Children

    A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance occurring in the brain. There are many different types of seizures. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Selective Intrauterine Growth Restriction (sIUGR)

    Selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) is a condition that complicates 10-15% of monochorionic twin pregnancies, where unequal sharing of a single placenta causes inadequate growth in one twin.

  • Condition

    Sensory Processing Disorders

    Conditions in which the child has problems processing and organizing sensation coming from the body and the environment.

  • Condition

    Sever Disease (Calcaneal Apophysitis)

    A painful irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the back of the heel bone, where the Achilles tendon connects.

  • Condition

    Severe Aplastic Anemia

    When bone marrow fails to produce enough blood cells because the stem cells that normally become the three types of blood cells (red, white and platelets) are damaged.

  • Program

    Sex Development Program

    Our Sex Development Program unites pediatric urologists, endocrinologists, surgeons, ethicists & psychologists experienced in differences in sexual development.

  • Program

    Sexuality Education Program

    Lurie Children's Sexuality Education Program combines the expertise of multidisciplinary staff with a youth-centered and engaging curriculum. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Shoulder Instability

    When the structures of the shoulder don’t hold the bones together tightly, allowing the humerus to partially slide out of its socket or come all the way out of its socket.

  • Condition

    Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS)

    A rare, inherited condition that has effects throughout the body, causing poor absorption of fats, bone-marrow dysfunction and skeletal malformations.

  • Condition

    Sickle Cell Disease

    An inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues.

  • Program

    Sickle Cell Disease Program

    Lurie Children's Sickle Cell Disease Program is a nationally recognized center of excellence providing comprehensive care to manage the disease and prevent its complications.

  • Condition

    Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Syndrome

    Irritation and inflammation of the growth plate at the bottom of the kneecap, where the patella tendon inserts.

  • Condition

    Single Coronary Artery

    A very rare congenital cardiac abnormality in which only one artery feeds blood to the heart muscle.

  • Condition

    Single Ventricle

    Single ventricle defect is an umbrella term for several different types of congenital heart diseases in which the heart has only one functional pumping chamber.

  • Program

    Single Ventricle Center of Excellence

    Lurie Children’s Single Ventricle Center of Excellence offers comprehensive treatment for infants, children and adults born with a single functional ventricle pumping blood to the entire body.

  • Condition

    Sinusitis

    An infection of the sinuses near the nose, usually occurring after a cold or after an allergic inflammation.

  • Condition

    Skeletal Dysplasia

    Also known as skeletal dysplasia, achondroplasia, or dwarfism, a group of about 400 congenital disorders characterized by abnormal growth of cartilage and bones.

  • Condition

    Skier's or Gamekeeper's Thumb

    An injury to the ulnar collateral ligament, which links the metacarpal bone at the base of the thumb with the middle thumb bone.

  • Condition

    Skin Infection

    Very common, caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites.

  • Program

    Skull Base Program

    The Skull Base Program at Lurie Children's uses a minimally invasive surgery technique that uses an endoscope introduced through the nose to provide access to the midline cranial base.

  • Program

    Sleep Medicine

    Lurie Children's sleep medicine specialists provide sleep studies and research for children with sleep disorders.

  • Condition

    Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

    A hip condition that occurs in adolescents, when the ball at the top of the thighbone slips backward through the growth plate in the hip.

  • Condition

    Slow-Flow Malformations

    Slow-flow malformations are abnormally formed veins or lymphatic channels that can happen anywhere in the body (excluding the brain). Learn more.

  • Condition

    Smallpox

    A highly infectious viral disease caused by the variola virus, with symptoms including high fever, fatigue, head and back aches.

  • Program

    Solid Tumor Program

    The Solid Tumor Program at Lurie Children’s is a multidisciplinary program dedicated to providing world-class care to children, adolescents and young adults with cancer.

  • Treatment

    Sound Experience

    Lurie Children's Sound Experience is a social experience for families of children with hearing loss. Learn more.

  • Program

    Spanish Clinic for Epilepsy Patients

    Lurie Children’s Epilepsy Center offers a dedicated epilepsy clinic for families whose preferred language is Spanish. Learn More.

  • Condition

    Spasticity

    A condition caused by damage to the nerve pathways that control muscle movement, causing muscles to become overly excited.

  • Treatment

    Speaking Valve Evaluations

    A tracheostomy tube can impact a child’s ability to speak. Lurie Children's has speech-language pathologists to help determine if a speaking valve may be appropriate for your child.

  • Treatment

    Speech & Language Evaluations to Measure Communication Skills

    Learn what is tested in a speech and language evaluations.

  • Program

    Speech & Language Therapy Program

    Lurie Children’s Speech-Language Team specializes in evaluating and treating children from birth to 18 years of age who have difficulty communicating for a variety of reasons.

  • Condition

    Speech Impairment

    Conditions in which a person has problems forming speech sounds necessary to communicate with others.

  • Specialty

    Speech-Language Pathology

    Lurie Children's highly qualified pediatric speech therapy specialists treat children with communication and feeding-swallowing disorders.

  • Condition

    Spermatocele (Epididymal Cyst)

    A small, harmless lump that occurs on top of one of the testes inside the scrotum. It occurs in the epididymis, the thin tube that connects the testis with the vas deferens.

  • Condition

    Spina Bifida

    A spinal column defect occurring in three forms: spina bifida occulta, which has no effect on function; meningocele; and myelomeningocele, the most serious kind.

  • Program

    Spina Bifida Center

    Lurie Children's experts treat children with spina bifida in a family-centered environment.

  • Condition

    Spinal CSF Leak

    Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless bodily fluid that acts as a natural shock absorber for the brain and spine and protects them from the jolts and knocks the body endures throughout the day. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Spinal Disc Herniation

    When some of the gel inside the disc has leaked from its outer covering, leading to irritation and possibly compression of the spinal cord itself.

  • Condition

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

    A genetic disease affecting the part of the nervous system that controls our ability to move our muscles voluntarily.

  • Condition

    Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis

    Defects and resulting dislocations in the bones that make up the spinal column, typically causing pain and muscle spasms.

  • Specialty

    Sports Medicine

    Lurie Children's provides high-quality care for kids with sports-related conditions, focusing on the needs of growing children. 

  • Program

    Stem Cell Transplantation Program

    Lurie Children's is the nation's largest stem cell transplant center for children with damaged bone marrow. Learn more about pediatric stem cell transplants.

  • Condition

    Stickler Syndrome

    Hereditary conditions affecting the connective tissues of the body, including eye problems, hearing problems, midfacial underdevelopment, spine problems, and early arthritis.

  • Condition

    Stinger or Burner Injury

    Two terms for the same condition, a stretching or pinching of one or more of the nerves branching off the spinal cord, causing tingling/numbness in arms and fingers.

  • Condition

    Stool Retention

    Lack of bowel movements, usually caused by both environmental and behavioral factors, resulting in impaction and accidental leakage.

  • Treatment

    Stool Retention Prevention

    Learn about the guidelines that can prevent stool retention over longer periods of time.

  • Condition

    Stridor

    Stridor is the term for noisy breathing that comes from the upper airway (trachea and voice box) and can be heard without a stethoscope

  • Condition

    Stroke

    A condition in which the blood supply to any part of the brain is interrupted by a blockage in a blood vessel or if the blood vessel bursts.

  • Condition

    Structural Kidney Disease

    Either inherited or the result of a functional disease that has not been treated, such as urinary reflux or sepsis-induced kidney injury, usually necessitating dialysis or transplant.

  • Condition

    Sturge-Weber Syndrome

    About 8% of infants with facial port-wine stains of the upper face and forehead will have SWS, which also may include seizures, headaches, visual changes, and cognitive and developmental delays.

  • Condition

    Stye

    Also known as a hordeolum, an inflammation of the eyelid margin, seen more often in children than in adults, caused by an infection in the sweat glands in the eyelid.

  • Treatment

    ST​EP Procedure

    The Serial Transverse Enteroplasty Procedure (STEP) is a surgical technique to increase bowel length so it can function more efficiently, decreasing infections and improving nutrition for our patients.

  • Condition

    Subglottic Stenosis (SGS)

    Subglottic stenosis is a narrowing of the lowest part of the voice box, below the vocal cords.

  • Program

    Substance Use & Prevention Program

    The Substance Use and Prevention Program (SUPP) offers pediatric addiction medicine and services through age 25. Learn about the prevention program here.

  • Condition

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

    The sudden and unexplained death of an infant under one year of age, also referred to as “crib death.”

  • Condition

    Suicide

    Suicide is when a person causes his or her own death on purpose. Before attempting to take his or her own life, a person may have thoughts of wanting to die. This is called suicidal ideation. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Supraventricular Tachycardia

    SVT is an arrhythmia where the heart beats abnormally fast. It doesn’t always need treatment, but we use medication and cardiac ablation to treat when needed.

  • Specialty

    Surgery

    Lurie Children's specializes in pediatric surgery to treat conditions from before birth to adolescence. Learn why we're a leader in pediatric surgery.

  • Treatment

    Surgical & Laser Tre​atments

    Lurie Children's pediatric dermatologists pioneered the surgical removal of skin lesions and laser treatment for a variety of vascular and pigmented skin lesions and have successfully practiced these approaches for more than a decade.

  • Program

    Surgical Oncology Program

    Our Pediatric Surgical Oncology Program offers multidisciplinary care for children diagnosed with solid organ tumors, including sarcomas, kidney tumors, liver tumors, neuroblastoma, gonadal (ovarian and testicular) tumors and thyroid tumors, among other rare conditions.

  • Program

    Survivors Taking Action and Responsibility (STAR) Program

    Lurie Children's STAR Program participates in research to improve care and quality of life of survivors and addresses late effects of pediatric cancer and hematopoietic stem cell transplant treatment in children and young adults.

  • Condition

    Swimmer's Ear

    Also called otitis externa, a commonly occurring infection of the part of the ear canal between the outside of the ear and the eardrum.

  • Condition

    Syncope

    The sudden loss of consciousness previously called a swoon but now commonly called a fainting spell.

  • Condition

    Tachycardia

    Tachycardia is a fast heart rate and there are several types that affect babies and children. All are treatable, but some are less serious than others.

  • Program

    TARGET Program

    TARGET is a group treatment program within the Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry that helps kids, adolescents and teens get connected to mental health treatment more quickly than if they were to wait for treatment with an individual provider.

  • Condition

    Tarsal Coalition

    An abnormal connection present between two of the bones of the foot near the ankle, leading to limited motion and pain in the foot.

  • Program

    Telemedicine

    Lurie Children's offers pediatric telemedicine for virtual outpatient appointments. Learn more about virtual visits with your physician and care team by video or telephone.

  • Condition

    Tennis Elbow

    Also called lateral epicondylitis, an overuse injury to the tendons that originate at the outside of the elbow.

  • Condition

    Testicular Regression

    Also called testicular regression syndrome, anorchia, empty scrotum, and vanishing testes, the gonads are undeveloped and absent.

  • Condition

    Testicular Torsion

    A medical emergency in which a boy’s testicle twists and is deprived of its blood supply; emergency surgery will usually be needed to save the testicle.

  • Condition

    Testicular Tumors - Testicular Cancer

    A lump or swelling in either testicle or pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum is not always cancer, but an evaluation should be made by a medical professional.

  • Condition

    Tethered Spinal Cord

    A congenital abnormality that results in the lower end of the spinal cord becoming fixed or attached in place.

  • Condition

    Tetralogy of Fallot

    Tetralogy of Fallot, or TOF, is a combination of four congenital heart defects and requires surgery. Learn more about TOF causes, symptoms & treatment.

  • Condition

    Thalassemia

    A group of inherited diseases of the blood affecting the ability of the body to make hemoglobin, causing anemia; commonly found around the Mediterranean Sea.

  • Program

    Thalassemia Program

    Lurie Children’s Thalassemia Program is the largest thalassemia treatment center in the Midwest and is a nationally designated Thalassemia Care Center recognized by the CDC.

  • Condition

    Thigh Contusion

    Also called a muscle bruise, an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg.

  • Condition

    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    A group of symptoms produced by pressure on the nerves and/or blood vessels as they pass through the space between the base of the neck and the armpit.

  • Program

    ThriveGI Integrative Health Program

    Lurie Children's offers one of only a few GI-focused pediatric integrative medicine programs in the country. Learn about ThriveGI integrative health here.

  • Condition

    Thrombophilia

    Also called hypercoagulability, a condition in which the blood has a higher than normal tendency to clot inside the blood vessels.

  • Program

    Thrombophilia Program

    Lurie Children's Thrombophilia Program provides dedicated services in a family-friendly environment for children and adolescents with thrombotic disorders.

  • Condition

    Thyroglossal Duct Cysts

    A lump or mass that forms in the center of the front of the neck and is the result of malformation in pregnancy.

  • Condition

    Thyroid Cancer

    Pediatric thyroid cancer is an uncommon cancer in children that causes thyroid gland cells to grow and multiply too much, forming a nodule in the lower neck.

  • Program

    Thyroid Program

    Lurie Children’s Pediatric Thyroid Program provides care and treatment for babies through young adults with thyroid problems and diseases. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Tibial Torsion (Twisting of the Shinbone)

    One cause of intoeing, a condition in which the shin bone is slightly twisted or rotated, causing the foot to turn in.

  • Condition

    Tics

    Uncontrolled, repetitive movement of a muscle or group of muscles.

  • Condition

    Tongue-Tie (Ankyloglossia)

    Ankyloglossia, or tongue-tie, is a congenital condition in which the tongue is restricted in movement due to tissue (called a frenulum) tethering it to the mouth floor. Tongue-tie may contribute to infant feeding problems and, as a child ages, may affect speaking and oral hygiene. In many cases, these issues resolve once the condition is treated....

  • Treatment

    Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy

    Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy surgery is the most common surgery performed on children in the United States. Learn more about the T&A procedure and recovery.

  • Condition

    Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC)

    A condition in which the pulmonary veins that bring oxygen-rich blood from the lungs back to the heart are not connected to the left atrium, but instead, drain elsewhere.

  • Condition

    Tourette Syndrome

    A neurological condition included with other tic disorders, involuntary and repetitive movement or vocalization.

  • Specialty

    Town & Country Pediatrics

    Town & Country Pediatrics offers a range of pediatric primary care services for all your child’s health needs. Learn about our convenient scheduling options and quality pediatric care.

  • Program

    Tracheal Reconstruction Program

    The tracheal reconstruction team at Lurie Children’s is comprised of surgeons from Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgery and ENT's Aerodigestive Program. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Tracheal Rings

    Complete tracheal rings refers to a defect in the structure of the cartilages that make up the trachea.

  • Condition

    Tracheoesophageal Fistula

    A congenital condition in which an abnormal connection exists between the windpipe and the tube that carries food and water from the mouth to the stomach.

  • Condition

    Tracheomalacia

    Normal tracheal cartilages are round, and because of this shape, they can withstand positive pressure forces without collapsing.

  • Condition

    Transient Synovitis Hip

    An irritation of the lining of the hip generally occurring in children between three and 12 years old.

  • Specialty

    Transitioning to Adult Care

    Lurie Children's Chronic Care Transition Team helps teenage patients with chronic illnesses prepare for the transition to adult healthcare.

  • Specialty

    Transplant Surgery

    Lurie Children's has a leading transplant center with high rates of graft success and survival in children.

  • Condition

    Transposition of the Great Arteries (d-TGA)

    Occurring when the positions of the pulmonary artery and the aorta are reversed.

  • Condition

    Transverse Myelitis

    A condition in which both sides of one segment of the spinal cord become inflamed, causing weakness, abnormal sensation, and loss of control beyond that point.

  • Program

    Trauma Center

    Lurie Children's is a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, staffed and equipped to handle the most severely injured children. We see more than 800 trauma victims each year.

  • Program

    Trauma Treatment Service (TTS)

    Lurie Children's Trauma Treatment Service (TTS) is a multidisciplinary team that works to provide comprehensive, evidence-based, holistic interventions to patients and families who have experienced violence and trauma. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Children

    A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is any damage to the brain caused by either impact with or by an object or a sudden acceleration or deceleration in the cranium.

  • Condition

    Treacher Collins Syndrome

    Also called mandibulofacial dysostosis or Franceschetti-Zwalen-Klein syndrome, a congenital defect in which the bones of the face, jaw, and skull are malformed.

  • Program

    Treatment Groups for Children with Mental Health Conditions

    Lurie Children's has developed group settings to help children work through issues together, such as disruptive disorders, healthy decisions, sleep disturbances, and social skills.

  • Condition

    Tremor

    Rhythmic, oscillating muscle movements pivoting on a joint, most commonly involving the hands but can affect the arms, head, vocal cords, trunk, or legs.

  • Condition

    Tricuspid Atresia

    A condition in which there is no tricuspid valve, therefore no blood can flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle. For survival, an opening must be formed.

  • Condition

    Truncus Arteriosus

    Also called common arterial trunk, a condition in which there is one common vessel or trunk from the heart instead of a separate pulmonary artery and aorta.

  • Condition

    Tularemia

    A disease humans typically acquire after skin or mucous membrane contact with tissues or fluids of infected animals or from bites of infected ticks, deer flies or mosquitoes.

  • Condition

    Turf Toe

    Also called first metatarsal-phalangeal joint sprain, an injury to the joint capsule and ligaments connecting the big toe to the foot, causing pain at the ball of the foot.

  • Program

    Turner Syndrome Program

    Our Turner syndrome specialists provide comprehensive care to pediatric patients instead of addressing each symptom or issue separately. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS)

    Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) is a rare condition affecting identical twin pregnancies. Learn more about diagnosis, treatment, recovery and more.

  • Condition

    Ulcerative Colitis

    An inflammatory bowel disease in which the inner lining of the large intestine (colon or bowel) and rectum become inflamed.

  • Treatment

    Ultrasound

    An imaging technology using high-frequency sound waves to see structures within the human body. It is noninvasive, there is no radiation and the exam is painless.

  • Condition

    Undefined (Undifferentiated) Connective Tissue Disorders

    A condition with symptoms similar to systemic autoimmune disorders or connective tissue disease, but cannot be classified as a well-defined connective tissue disease.

  • Condition

    Undescended Testes (Testicles; also Cryptorchidism)

    A condition in which a baby boy’s testes do not descend properly to the scrotum.

  • Condition

    Unicameral Bone Cysts

    A unicameral bone cyst (UBC), also known as a simple bone cyst, is a fluid-filled cavity in the bone that typically occurs in the upper part of the arm or the upper part of the leg. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Ureteral Duplication

    A condition in which one kidney has two ureters, each one drains separately into the bladder.

  • Condition

    Ureterocele

    A balloon-like malformation of the area where a ureter, the tube from the kidney, enters the bladder.

  • Condition

    Ureteropelvic Junction (UPJ) Obstruction

    A blockage occurring where the kidney’s urine collection system meets the ureter, the tube that carries urine to the bladder.

  • Condition

    Urethral Prolapse

    A condition in young girls wherein the end of the urethra protrudes outward from the urinary opening.

  • Treatment

    Urinary Biofeedback

    Urinary Biofeedback is a technique Lurie Children's uses to teach children to identify and control the proper muscles when urinating.

  • Condition

    Urinary Frequency & Urgency

    Also called overactive bladder, frequency of urination more than the usual seven times per day, and difficulty in delaying using the toilet.

  • Condition

    Urinary Tract Infections

    UTIs in children are infections of the urinary system and may involve just the bladder, or the bladder and the kidneys. Learn more about symptoms and treatment.

  • Treatment

    Urodynamics

    In the Urodynamics Program, experts from Lurie Children's Division of Urology provide studies to evaluate bladder function.

  • Condition

    Urogenital Sinus

    A rare abnormality in the development of bladder, urethra, and vagina during fetal growth, causing the urethra and vagina to continue to share the same channel.

  • Specialty

    Urology

    Lurie Children’s Division of Urology is the largest pediatric urology department in the region with more than 17,000 pediatric visits each year. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Uveitis

    Uveitis is inflammation inside of the eye. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Vaginal Agenesis

    The incomplete development of the vagina, either shorter, nonexistent or simply a remnant of one.

  • Condition

    Varicoceles

    An excessive widening of the vein that drains blood from a testicle, acting like a varicose vein of the scrotum.

  • Condition

    Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (VEDS)

    Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (VEDS) is one of the different subtypes of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). We follow patients with diagnoses of VEDS in our Connective Tissue Disorder Program here at Lurie Children’s. Learn More.

  • Program

    Vascular Lesion Center

    The Vascular Lesion Center (VLC) at Lurie Children’s is focused on providing comprehensive care for infants, children and adolescents with vascular lesions.

  • Condition

    Vascular Rings

    Vascular rings occur during fetal development due to an abnormal formation of the aorta and the surrounding blood vessels. Learn more.

  • Program

    Vascular Rings Program

    Lurie Children’s surgeons have advanced methods used to correct vascular rings and operate on more pulmonary artery slings than any other hospital in North America. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Vasculitis

    Any inflammation of the blood vessels – both arteries and veins. The size of the vessel, the amount of inflammation and its location determines the severity of the disease.

  • Condition

    Vein of Galen Malformations

    Learn more about the leading treatments for Vein of Galen malformations with Lurie Children's dedicated specialists. Personalized care for optimal outcomes.

  • Condition

    Velopharyngeal Dysfunction (VPD)

    Velopharyngeal dysfunction, or VPD, is a condition resulting from inadequate closure of the velopharyngeal port, or the opening between the nose and the mouth, during speech. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Venous Malformations

    An abnormally-formed collection of veins is called a venous malformation, or slow-flow malformation. The veins in a venous malformation are formed irregularly before birth and become enlarged. Learn more.

  • Program

    Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) Program

    Lurie Children's Heart Center uses VADs to support the hearts of patients from infancy to young adulthood, including patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy and our most complex congenital heart disease populations. Learn more.

  • Condition

    Ventricular Septal Defect

    An opening between the two lower chambers of the heart.

  • Condition

    Vesicoureteral Reflux

    A relatively common condition in which urine backs up from the bladder into the kidneys.

  • Treatment

    Vestibular Rehabilitation

    Lurie Children's uses vestibular rehab to treat children, adolescents and teenagers who are recovering from concussions.

  • Treatment

    Video EEG Services

    Lurie Children’s Epilepsy Division provides an advanced approach made possible by a state-of-the-art imaging and monitoring system that records visual images of children as they play.

  • Treatment

    Visual Screening & Eye Examinations

    Vision problems can lead to visual loss, developmental problems and learning disabilities. Monitoring your child's ability to see is important to the health of your growing child.

  • Condition

    Voice & Resonance Disorders

    Problems of pitch, volume or quality of the voice, distracting to listeners and sometimes painful to the child speaking.

  • Program

    Voice Program

    Lurie Children’s Voice Program treats common voice problems such as hoarseness, which may be caused by vocal cord nodules, cysts, or paralysis, intubation or prior surgeries.

  • Program

    Voice Therapy Program

    Lurie Children’s Voice Therapy team is a multidisciplinary group specializing in the evaluation and treatment of children with voice disorders.

  • Condition

    Vomiting

    A reflex that often causes the contents of the stomach to come out of the mouth, caused by a variety of problems such as viruses.

  • Condition

    von Willebrand Disease

    The most common inherited bleeding disorder, in which a protein in the blood that aids clotting is defective or missing.

  • Condition

    Warts

    Learn about warts, common skin growths caused by a virus, their appearance, and potential treatments.

  • Condition

    Webbed Penis

    A condition, either present at birth or occasionally as a complication of circumcision, in which scrotum skin is attached too high on the underside of the penile shaft.

  • Program

    Wellness & Weight Management Program

    Lurie Children’s provides compassionate and comprehensive care for children and teenagers who are overweight and want to make healthy lifestyle changes.

  • Condition

    Williams Syndrome

    Williams syndrome is a genetic condition that impacts many different body systems, although the symptoms, medical concerns and their severity vary widely. Learn more.

  • Program

    Williams Syndrome Program

    Williams syndrome is a genetic condition that is caused by a missing segment of genetic material (DNA) in one of our chromosomes. Our genes are made of DNA, which is packaged into the chromosomes. Each gene has instructions for making a specific product our body needs to grow and function. Missing DNA is called a deletion. When some of the...

  • Condition

    Wilms Tumor

    Also called nephroblastoma, a cancerous tumor originating in the cells of the kidney.

  • Condition

    Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS)

    An extremely rare condition typified by the presence of eczema, thrombocytopenia (low number of blood platelets) and immune deficiency (causing severe infections).

  • Condition

    Wound Healing Disorders

    Wounds — breaking the skin surface — can be caused by many things, from accidents to surgeries, but the body’s process of healing is common to all.

  • Treatment

    Wound, Ostomy, Gastrostomy & Cecostomy Tube Care

    Lurie Children’s has a team of advanced practiced nurses (APNs) all certified in wound and ostomy care.

  • Condition

    X-linked Lymphoproliferative Disease (XLP)

    An extremely rare disorder of the immune system showing itself with infectious mononucleosis, dysgammaglobulinemia (abnormal levels of certain antibodies), and lymphoma.

  • Condition

    X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency 1 (SCID-X1)

    A rare inherited disease in boy babies in which the body’s cells that fight off infection from certain bacteria, viruses and fungi are lacking or defective.

  • Treatment

    X-ray

    X-rays give Lurie Children's radiologists a completely noninvasive way to diagnose or assess problems occurring in various areas of your child's body.

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