ARISE Health Lab investigates the role of Adversity, Racism, Inequities, Structures (and) Empowerment on health. We combine biomedical, social science, public health, clinical, and health services research approaches to interrogate our society’s most pressing issues.
Principle Investigator: Nia Heard-Garris, MD, MSc
Attending Physician, Advanced General Pediatrics and Primary Care
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (Advanced General Pediatrics and Primary Care), Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Additional Lab Members:
Leishla Pérez-Cardona – Behavioral Research Coordinator II
Aleha Bate – Behavioral Research Associate
Janell Ross – Research Student Assistant
The experiences we have as we are growing up shape who we are as adults. But did you know they can also impact your health? The ACHiP study was created to better understand what life is like for teens right now and how teens’ experiences may impact their health.
We cover subjects like their diet and sleeping patterns, but we also ask questions about discrimination, racism, COVID, and the 2020 Black Lives Matter protests. By participating and sharing their experiences, both positive and negative, teens can teach us about their lives and help us find ways to improve their future health.
As part of the ACHiP project, we also want to study how our experiences interact with our bodies at a physical and biological level. For this part of the study, we further delve into how adversity gets inside of our bodies to influence our minds and our bodies.
A group of ACHiP participants will be invited to take part in an additional study, called the vowel study. It is called the vowel study because it covers: Adversity, Emotion, Inflammation, Outcomes, and You.
The Vowel participants will have their “vitals” measured (similar to what happens at a doctor’s office—blood pressure, heart rate, weight, etc) and they will participate in a blood draw. This thorough examination will allow us to learn more about how our bodies response to positive emotions and the stress of negative emotions.
The Cedars, South & West Side Chi study opens the ACHiP Cedars (stress reduction program) to teens who live in the West and South sides of Chicago. In so doing, we hope to equip teens throughout Chicago with skills to combat stress and adversity.
The COVID-19 pandemic has completely changed the way we live, study, and interact with each other. And, we’re also in the midst of a racial justice reawakening, or a second pandemic. Together, this double pandemic represents a source of adversity for teens.
In the Double Pandemic Teen Study, we will speak directly with teens to discuss the impact of COVID-19 and racial violence in their lives. We’ll also work with other professionals and community leaders to create a playbook to help health professionals guide teens through the double pandemic and new source of adversity.
“Melanincholy”: A Qualitative Exploration of Youth Media Use, Vicarious Racism, and Perceptions of Health
“Melanincholy”: A Qualitative Exploration of Youth Media Use, Vicarious Racism, and Perceptions of Health [published online ahead of print, 2021 Feb 18]. J Adolesc Health. 2021;S1054-139X(20)30847-8. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.12.128 Abstract Purpose We sought to (1) characterize teens’ experiences with news and social media, focusing on news
Getting “Our House” in Order: Re-Building Academic Pediatrics by Dismantling the Anti-Black Racist Foundation
Jindal M, Heard-Garris N, Empey A, Perrin EC, Zuckerman KE, Johnson TJ. Getting “Our House” in Order: Re-Building Academic Pediatrics by Dismantling the Anti-Black Racist Foundation. Acad Pediatr. 2020 Nov-Dec;20(8):1044-1050. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2020.08.019. Epub 2020 Sep 3. PMID: 32891802. “I am no longer accepting the things I cannot change. I am changing the things I cannot accept.”—Angela Davis Abstract On
The Detrimental Influence of Racial Discrimination on Child Health in the United States
Anderson AT, Luartz L, Heard-Garris N, Widaman K, Chung PJ. The Detrimental Influence of Racial Discrimination on Child Health in the United States. J Natl Med Assoc. 2020 Aug;112(4):411-422. doi: 10.1016/j.jnma.2020.04.012. Epub 2020 Jun 10. PMID: 32532525.
Adverse Experiences and Special Health Care Needs Among Children
Kan K, Gupta R, Davis MM, Heard-Garris N, Garfield C. Adverse Experiences and Special Health Care Needs Among Children. Matern Child Health J. 2020 May;24(5):552-560. doi: 10.1007/s10995-020-02874-x. PMID: 31912377.
Ignoring Goldfarb’s Warning: Why Studying and Addressing the Social Context Matters
Heard-Garris N, Sheehan K, Alpern ER. Ignoring Goldfarb’s Warning: Why Studying and Addressing the Social Context Matters. J Pediatr. 2020 Apr;219:9-10.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.11.014. Epub 2019 Dec 13. PMID: 31843214.
Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: Early Life Adversity as a Contributor to Disparities in Cardiovascular Diseases
Suglia SF, Campo RA, Brown AGM, Stoney C, Boyce CA, Appleton AA, Bleil ME, Boynton-Jarrett R, Dube SR, Dunn EC, Ellis BJ, Fagundes CP, Heard-Garris NJ, Jaffee SR, Johnson SB, Mujahid MS, Slopen N, Su S, Watamura SE. Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: Early Life Adversity as a Contributor to Disparities in Cardiovascular Diseases. J
Stranded on Antipsychotics: Role of the Pediatric Clinician
Ballard R, Heard-Garris N. Stranded on Antipsychotics: Role of the Pediatric Clinician. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 Oct;58(11-12):1153-1157. doi: 10.1177/0009922819853774. Epub 2019 Jun 10. PMID: 31179724.
Association of Childhood History of Parental Incarceration and Juvenile Justice Involvement With Mental Health in Early Adulthood
Heard-Garris N, Sacotte KA, Winkelman TNA, Cohen A, Ekwueme PO, Barnert E, Carnethon M, Davis MM. Association of Childhood History of Parental Incarceration and Juvenile Justice Involvement With Mental Health in Early Adulthood. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Sep 4;2(9):e1910465. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10465. PMID: 31483468; PMCID: PMC6727677.
Sport Participation Among Individuals With Adverse Childhood Experiences-Leveling the Playing Field
Paluch AE, Heard-Garris N, Carnethon MR. Sport Participation Among Individuals With Adverse Childhood Experiences-Leveling the Playing Field. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jul 1;173(7):626-627. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1209. PMID: 31135828.
Structuring Research to Address Discrimination as a Factor in Child and Adolescent Health
Heard-Garris N, Williams DR, Davis M. Structuring Research to Address Discrimination as a Factor in Child and Adolescent Health. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Oct 1;172(10):910-912. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2335. Erratum in: JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Oct 1;172(10):992. PMID: 30128554.
Health Care Use and Health Behaviors Among Young Adults With History of Parental Incarceration
Heard-Garris N, Winkelman TNA, Choi H, Miller AK, Kan K, Shlafer R, Davis MM. Health Care Use and Health Behaviors Among Young Adults With History of Parental Incarceration. Pediatrics. 2018 Sep;142(3):e20174314. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-4314. Epub 2018 Jul 9. Erratum in: Pediatrics. 2019 May;143(5): PMID: 29987170.
Childhood adversity and parent perceptions of child resilience
Heard-Garris N, Davis MM, Szilagyi M, Kan K. Childhood adversity and parent perceptions of child resilience. BMC Pediatr. 2018 Jun 26;18(1):204. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1170-3. PMID: 29945566; PMCID: PMC6020317.
From the Mouths of Babes: Preschool Racism
Heard-Garris N. From the Mouths of Babes: Preschool Racism. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 May 1;172(5):411. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3934. PMID: 29532071.
Transmitting Trauma: A systematic review of vicarious racism and child health
Heard-Garris NJ, Cale M, Camaj L, Hamati MC, Dominguez TP. Transmitting Trauma: A systematic review of vicarious racism and child health. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Feb;199:230-240. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.04.018. Epub 2017 Apr 26. PMID: 28456418
Surgical Mortality and Race as a Risk Factor: A Compass, Not a Destination
Heard-Garris N, Onwuka E, Davis MM. Surgical Mortality and Race as a Risk Factor: A Compass, Not a Destination. Pediatrics. 2018 Feb;141(2):e20173894. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3894. Epub 2018 Jan 10. PMID: 29321254.
Quality Improvement in Pediatric Head Trauma with PECARN Rules Implementation as Computerized Decision Support
Atabaki SM, Jacobs BR, Brown KM, Shahzeidi S, Heard-Garris NJ, Chamberlain MB, Grell RM, Chamberlain JM. Quality Improvement in Pediatric Head Trauma with PECARN Rules Implementation as Computerized Decision Support. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2017 May 16;2(3):e019. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000019. PMID: 30229157; PMCID: PMC6132459.
Voices from Flint: Community Perceptions of the Flint Water Crisis
Heard-Garris NJ, Roche J, Carter P, Abir M, Walton M, Zimmerman M, Cunningham R. Voices from Flint: Community Perceptions of the Flint Water Crisis. J Urban Health. 2017 Dec;94(6):776-779. doi: 10.1007/s11524-017-0152-3. PMID: 28409360; PMCID: PMC5722721
Building Physician Networks as Part of the Zika Response
Heard-Garris N, Arora S, Lurie N. Building Physician Networks as Part of the Zika Response. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2017 Apr;11(2):259-261. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2017.24. PMID: 28430098.