Propranolol is a non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist successfully used in a case of kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP). We report 11 patients treated with propranolol for KHE and the related variant tufted angioma (TA), six of whom also had KMP. The varied responses to treatment, with only 36% responding in our series, demonstrate the need for further study of this medication before routine use for these indications. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012; 59: 934-938. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.