Upregulation of mir-221 and mir-222 in atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors: potential therapeutic targets

Sredni, S. T.; Bonaldo Mde, F.; Costa, F. F.; Huang, C. C.; Hamm, C. A.; Rajaram, V.; Tomita, T.; Goldman, S.; Bischof, J. M.; Soares, M. B.

Childs Nerv Syst. 2009 Dec 17; 26(3):279-83


PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to search for new therapeutic targets for atypical teratoid-rhabdoid tumors (ATRT). METHODS: To achieve this, we compared the expression of 365 microRNAs among ATRT, medulloblastomas, and normal brain. RESULTS: MiR-221 and miR-222 were within the top differentially expressed microRNAs. The deregulated expression of miR221/222 was demonstrated to inhibit the expression of the tumor suppressor and inhibitor of cell cycle p27(Kip1). Here, we demonstrated the negative regulation of p27(Kip1) by miR-221/222 in ATRT using microarray, real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: As anti-miR therapy was recently proposed as an alternative treatment for cancer, these findings suggest that anti-miR-221/222 therapy might have therapeutic potential in ATRT.

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