OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine how frequently cardiac images derived from 3-dimensional (3D) volume sets, acquired by fast acquisition and evaluated with sonographically based volume computer-aided analysis (sonoVCAD), were satisfactory for prenatal screening at 18 to 22 weeks' gestation. METHODS: A prospective study of 100 women with singleton pregnancies was undertaken. Three fast acquisition 3D volume sets were obtained from each patient. Four reviewers independently evaluated the 4-chamber and 5 extracted VCAD views. Factors contributing to unsatisfactory screening were also evaluated. RESULTS: The frequency with which adequate views for cardiac screening could be obtained varied widely; some single views, such as that of the stomach, were well seen frequently, whereas others, such as the ductal arch, were well seen significantly less frequently (P < .05). A satisfactory screening examination, defined as a visualized 4-chamber, left ventricular outflow tract, right ventricular outflow tract, and axial stomach view, was obtained for 43% to 65% of patients (dependent on reviewer). Logistic regression revealed that obesity (odds ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-5.0) and a fetus with the spine toward the maternal abdomen (odds ratio, 1.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.5) were independently associated with an unsatisfactory screening examination CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional fast acquisition volumes evaluated with sonoVCAD did not allow a satisfactory fetal cardiac screening examination to be obtained a high percentage of the time in a general obstetric population during the second trimester. Certain patient factors, such as body habitus and fetal position, are associated with unsatisfactory 3D imaging.