The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database is a comprehensive registry of clinical outcomes that captures almost all pediatric cardiac surgical operations in the United States. It is the platform for all activities of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons related to the analysis of outcomes and the improvement of quality in this subspecialty. This article summarizes current aggregate national outcomes in congenital and pediatric cardiac surgery and reviews related activities in the areas of quality measurement, performance improvement, and transparency. The reported data about aggregate national outcomes are exemplified by an analysis of 10 benchmark operation groups performed from January 2013 through December 2016. This analysis documents the overall aggregate Operative Mortality (interquartile range among all participating programs) for the following procedural groups: off-bypass coarctation repair, 1.3% (0.0% to 1.4%%); ventricular septal defect repair, 0.6% (0.0% to 0.9%); tetralogy of Fallot repair, 1.1% (0.0% to 2.0%); complete atrioventricular canal repair, 2.7% (0.0% to 4.4%); arterial switch operation, 2.2% (0.0% to 2.9%); arterial switch operation and ventricular septal defect repair, 5.1% (0.0% to 8.3%); Glenn/HemiFontan, 2.1% (0.0% to 3.1%); Fontan operation, 1.1% (0.0% to 0.0%); truncus arteriosus repair, 10.1% (0.0% to 15.4%); and Norwood procedure, 15.8% (9.0% to 25.0%).