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The RNA-binding protein FMRP facilitates the nuclear export of N (6)-methyladenosine-containing mRNAs

Hsu, P. J.; Shi, H.; Zhu, A. C.; Lu, Z.; Miller, N.; Edens, B. M.; Ma, Y. C.; He, C.

J Biol Chem. 2019 Nov 23; 294(52):19889-19895

Abstract

N (6)-Methyladenosine (m(6)A) is the most abundant post-transcriptional mRNA modification in eukaryotes and exerts many of its effects on gene expression through reader proteins that bind specifically to m(6)A-containing transcripts. Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein, has previously been shown to affect the translation of target mRNAs and trafficking of mRNA granules. Loss of function of FMRP causes fragile X syndrome, the most common form of inherited intellectual disability in humans. Using HEK293T cells, siRNA-mediated gene knockdown, cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions, RNA-Seq, and LC-MS/MS analyses, we demonstrate here that FMRP binds directly to a collection of m(6)A sites on mRNAs. FMRP depletion increased mRNA m(6)A levels in the nucleus. Moreover, the abundance of FMRP targets in the cytoplasm relative to the nucleus was decreased in Fmr1-KO mice, an effect also observed in highly methylated genes. We conclude that FMRP may affect the nuclear export of m(6)A-modified RNA targets.

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