Primary prophylaxis in sickle cell disease: is it feasible? Is it effective?

Thompson, A. A.

Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2011 Dec 14; 2011:434-9


Consideration of primary prophylaxis to prevent complications of sickle cell disease (SCD) requires a clear understanding of the earliest manifestations of SCD-related organ injury, a reliable clinical or laboratory tool to detect organ dysfunction, and evidence that an intervention instituted in the presymptomatic state can mitigate disease progression. This review examines the pathophysiology of SCD in organs that may be potential targets for intervention, our current capacity to evaluate early SCD manifestations, results of clinical trials, and opportunities for future interventions.

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