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Predictive factors for adverse outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing low-risk skin and soft tissue surgery: A database analysis of 6730 patients

Cheon, E. C.; Longhini, A. B.; Lee, J.; Hansen, J.; Jagannathan, N.; De Oliveira, G. S., Jr.; Suresh, S.

Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 Nov 18; 29(1):44-50

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data regarding risk stratification of pediatric patients presenting for low-risk skin and soft tissue surgery. AIMS: We sought to determine the incidence and independent predictors of postoperative complications and unplanned 30-day readmission in a cohort of children undergoing low-risk skin and soft tissue surgery. METHODS: The study included pediatric patients who underwent minor procedures of the skin and soft tissue at continuously enrolled American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric hospitals over a two-year period. The primary outcome was a 30-day postoperative complication composite. The secondary outcome was unplanned 30-day readmission. RESULTS: The final analysis included 6,730 patients. There were a total of 170 postoperative complications among 152 patients (2.23%) with the majority of complications being either wound-related or postoperative mechanical ventilation. The independent predictors for an increased risk of postoperative complication were American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >/=3 and nutritional deficiency. There were 41 unplanned readmissions (0.61%). The presence of a postoperative wound complication or a postoperative pulmonary complication during the index hospital stay was an independent risk factor for unplanned 30-day readmission. CONCLUSION: Pediatric patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >/=3 and nutritional deficiency undergoing low-risk surgery are at risk for the development of postoperative complications. Patients who develop wound and postoperative pulmonary complications are at higher risk for unplanned 30-day readmission. Identification of these higher risk patients may allow the anesthesiologist to implement targeted therapies to minimize the likelihood of occurrence of these complications.

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