Pediatric cardiac surgery in low- and middle-income countries or emerging economies: a continuing challenge

Nguyen, N.; Pezzella, A. T.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2015 Apr 15; 6(2):274-83


A number of recent publications, addresses, seminars, and conferences have addressed the global backlog and increasing incidence of both congenital and acquired cardiac diseases in children, with reference to early and delayed recognition, late referral, availability of and access to services, costs, risks, databases, and early and long-term results and follow-up. A variety of proposals, recommendations, and projects have been outlined and documented. The ultimate goal of these endeavors is to increase the quality and quantity of pediatric cardiac care and surgery worldwide and particularly in underserved areas. A contemporary review of past and present initiatives is presented with a subsequent focus on the more challenging areas.

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