The term "journal club" traditionally refers to a gathering of physicians for the critical review of current medical literature and discussion regarding the clinical application of the results. Since the formation of the first documented journal club over 130 years ago, the organization and purpose of this academic tool has gone through many changes. Despite the advent of "virtual" online journal clubs, most academic departments still employ a physical meeting between trainees and the faculty. The Neurology(R) Journal Club is a new subsection of the Resident & Fellow Section with the goal of enhancing the traditional journal club experience by publishing examples of structured critical appraisals of medical literature. The Journal Club critiques, written by neurology residents and fellows with faculty supervision, will examine each article for key features of hypothesis and design, methods, results, and interpretation.