Modified single patch: are we still worried about subaortic stenosis?

Backer, C. L.; Eltayeb, O.; Monge, M. C.; Wurlitzer, K. C.; Hack, M. A.; Boles, L. H.; Sarwark, A. E.; Costello, J. M.; Robinson, J. D.

Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Apr 1; 99(5):1671-6


BACKGROUND: When the modified single-patch technique for atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) repair was introduced by Dr Benson Wilcox, there was concern that these patients might be at risk for late subaortic stenosis and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). This review evaluated our modified single-patch population for LVOTO in the postoperative period. METHODS: Between January 2000 and 2013, 77 infants underwent AVSD repair with a modified single-patch technique. Median age was 4.2 months, and median weight was 5 kg. Eight patients had a prior repair of coarctation of the aorta via left thoracotomy in the newborn period. RESULTS: The median hospital stay was 10 days. No patient required a pacemaker. The mean and median follow-up times were 4.6 and 3.7 years, respectively. Only 2 patients (2.5%) required reoperation for LVOTO; both had prior repair of coarctation of the aorta (2 of 8 vs 0 of 69, p = 0.01). A discrete fibrous subaortic membrane developed in the first patient that required resection at 3 and 7 years after repair. The other patient had LVOTO from accessory chordae of the left atrioventricular valve and required mitral valve replacement 5 months after repair. One early death occurred at 4 months postoperatively due to liver failure related to hyperalimentation. CONCLUSIONS: At intermediate term follow-up, LVOTO does not appear to be a significant postoperative issue after modified single-patch repair of AVSD. Coarctation of the aorta was the most significant predictor of late LVOTO after repair of AVSD with the modified single-patch technique.

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