Impact of long-term elosulfase alfa treatment on respiratory function in patients with Morquio A syndrome

Hendriksz, C. J.; Berger, K. I.; Parini, R.; AlSayed, M. D.; Raiman, J.; Giugliani, R.; Mitchell, J. J.; Burton, B. K.; Guelbert, N.; Stewart, F.; Hughes, D. A.; Matousek, R.; Jurecki, E.; Decker, C.; Harmatz, P. R.

J Inherit Metab Dis. 2016 Aug 25; 39(6):839-847

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To present long-term respiratory function outcomes from an open-label, multi-center, phase 3 extension study (MOR-005) of elosulfase alfa enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in patients with Morquio A syndrome. METHODS: In part 1 of MOR-005, patients initially randomized to ERT in the 24-week pivotal study (MOR-004) remained on their regimen (2.0 mg/kg/week or every other week); placebo patients were re-randomized to one of the two regimens. During part 2, all patients received elosulfase alfa 2.0 mg/kg/week. Respiratory function was one of the efficacy endpoints evaluated in MOR-005. Change from MOR-004 baseline to 120 weeks of treatment for the combined population was determined and compared with results from untreated patients from a Morquio A natural history study (MorCAP). RESULTS: Maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) improved up to week 72 and then stabilized; forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) increased continuously over 120 weeks. Mean increases in the modified per-protocol population was 9.2 % for FVC, 8.8 % for FEV1, and 6.1 % for MVV after 120 weeks. All patients 14 years, treated patients showed improvements, while deterioration occurred in untreated. Altogether, the improvements were significantly greater (P < 0.05) in treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term ERT is associated with sustained improvements in respiratory function in Morquio A. In younger patients (

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