Immunogenicity of the meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine in pediatric kidney transplant patients

Nelson, D. R.; Fadrowski, J.; Neu, A.

Pediatr Nephrol. 2018 Mar 21


BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressed kidney transplant patients may have suboptimal response to vaccinations. The aim of this study was to determine antibody response to a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) in adolescents with a kidney transplant. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center, cohort study. Adolescent patients (11-22 years old) with a functioning kidney transplant for at least 3 months and no previous meningococcal vaccination were eligible for enrollment. Antibody levels to all serogroups were measured before vaccination (baseline) and at 4 weeks and 1, 2 and 3 years after vaccination. Seropositivity was defined as a titer >/= 1:8 at baseline, and seroconversion as a fourfold or greater increase in antibody titer from baseline at 4 weeks post-vaccination. Geometric mean titers (GMTs) were calculated at each time point and compared to published GMTs from vaccinated healthy adolescents. RESULTS: Nineteen patients were enrolled. No patient had seroprotective titers against all four serogroups at baseline. At 4 weeks post-vaccination 41% of patients seroconverted to all four serogroups, with seroconversion rates of 88, 53, 71 and 94% for serogroups A, C, W and Y, respectively. GMTs were significantly lower in adolescents with a kidney transplant than in healthy adolescents at 1 month (p = 0.02) and 3 years (p = 0.04) post-vaccination. There were no significant adverse events, episodes of rejection or death in any patient. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with a kidney transplant may not respond adequately to MenACWY-D and may experience more rapid declines in antibody titers than healthy adolescents. Further study is needed to determine if alternative dosing schedules can improve antibody response in this population.

Read More on PubMed