Imaging findings of anaplastic astrocytoma in a child with maple syrup urine disease: a case report

Aw-Zoretic, J.; Wadhwani, N. R.; Lulla, R. R.; Ryan, M. E.

Childs Nerv Syst. 2015 Jun 19; 31(9):1625-9

Abstract

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of branched-chain amino acid metabolism, which usually presents in childhood with encephalopathy due to cerebral edema and dysmyelination. Even with treatment, metabolic stressors may precipitate later episodes of acute decompensation. Changes related to cerebral and white matter edema have been described by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and imaging can aid in both initial diagnosis and evaluation of decompensation. To date, there are no published known reports of cancer in patients with MSUD. Here, we present the first case report of an anaplastic astrocytoma in a teenager with MSUD, with a discussion of imaging findings and the use of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to help distinguish between tumor and metabolic changes.

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