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Gastrostomy tube placement in neonates undergoing tracheostomy: an opportunity to coordinate care?

Zhao, J.; Cairo, S. B.; Tian, Y.; Lautz, T. B.; Berkelhamer, S. K.; Pizzuto, M. P.; Raval, M. V.; Rothstein, D. H.

J Perinatol. 2020 Jun 3; 40(8):1228-1235


OBJECTIVES: To describe variations in timing of gastrostomy tube (GT) placement for neonates undergoing tracheostomy. METHODS: Database study of neonates undergoing tracheostomy and GT placement using the Pediatric Health Information System (2012-2015). The primary outcome was timing of GT relative to tracheostomy. Logistic regression evaluated associations of patient- and hospital-level characteristics with GT timing. RESULTS: Of 1156 patients undergoing GT and tracheostomy placement, 42.4% had concurrent GT placement, 23.3% GT placement prior to tracheostomy, and 34.3% GT placement after tracheostomy. The proportion of patients undergoing concurrent placement ranged from 0 to 80% among 47 hospitals. Neonates born at 31-35 weeks, having cardiovascular comorbidities, history of diaphragmatic hernia repair, or gastroesophageal reflux disorder were more likely to receive GT placement prior to tracheostomy. CONCLUSION: Significant variability exists in the timing of neonatal tracheostomy and GT placement. Opportunities may exist to optimize coordination of care for neonates and reduce anesthetic exposure and hospital resource utilization.

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