Functional Status of Neonatal and Pediatric Patients After Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Cashen, K.; Reeder, R.; Dalton, H. J.; Berg, R. A.; Shanley, T. P.; Newth, C. J. L.; Pollack, M. M.; Wessel, D.; Carcillo, J.; Harrison, R.; Dean, J. M.; Jenkins, T.; Meert, K. L.

Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Apr 19; 18(6):561-570

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe functional status at hospital discharge for neonatal and pediatric patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and identify factors associated with functional status and mortality. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of observational data collected by the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network between December 2012 and September 2014. SETTING: Eight hospitals affiliated with the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. PATIENTS: Patients were less than 19 years old and treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. INTERVENTIONS: Functional status was evaluated among survivors using the Functional Status Scale. Total Functional Status Scale scores range from 6 to 30 and are categorized as 6-7 (good), 8-9 (mildly abnormal), 10-15 (moderately abnormal), 16-21 (severely abnormal), and greater than 21 (very severely abnormal). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 514 patients, 267 (52%) were neonates (

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