The transcriptional co-factor Friend of GATA1 (FOG-1) has been shown to interact with subunits of the nucleosome remodelling and histone deacetylase (NuRD) complex through a specific motif located at its N-terminus. To test the importance of FOG-1/NuRD interaction for haematopoiesis in vivo, we generated mice with a mutation that specifically disrupts FOG-1/NuRD interaction (FOG-1(R3K5A)). Homozygous FOG-1(R3K5A) mice were found to have splenomegaly, extramedullary erythropoiesis, granulocytosis and thrombocytopaenia secondary to a block in megakaryocyte maturation. FOG-1(R3K5A/R3K5A) megakaryocytes and erythroid progenitors expressed increased levels of GATA2, showing that FOG-1/NuRD interaction is required for the earlier described 'GATA Switch'. In addition, ablation of FOG-1/NuRD interaction led to inappropriate expression of mast cell and eosinophil-specific genes in the megakaryocyte and erythroid lineages. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that the NuRD complex was not properly recruited to a mast cell gene promoter in FOG-1(R3K5A/R3K5A) megakaryocytes, suggesting that FOG-1/NuRD interaction is required for the direct suppression of mast cell gene expression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of the FOG-1/NuRD interaction for the re-enforcement of lineage commitment during erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis in vivo.