Episodic myoglobinuria in a primary gamma-sarcoglycanopathy

Pena, L.; Kim, K.; Charrow, J.

Neuromuscul Disord. 2010 Apr 2; 20(5):337-9

Abstract

Episodic myoglobinuria is a well-recognized complication of metabolic myopathies, and may occur in Duchenne and Becker dystrophies, but has only rarely been associated with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. We describe an unusual presentation, with rhabdomyolysis, of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). We evaluated a patient for progressive muscle weakness and tenderness, with myoglobinuria one week after initial presentation. Immunohistochemistry on muscle tissue revealed absent staining for gamma-sarcoglycan, confirmed by detection of a homozygous mutation in the gamma-sarcoglycan gene. Myoglobinuria has been previously reported only twice in LGMD. It is therefore important to recognize that myoglobinuria may be a symptom of a muscular dystrophy, and muscle biopsy and immunostaining are important tools for diagnosis.

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