Efficacy and safety of crisaborole ointment, a novel, nonsteroidal phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children and adults

Paller, A. S.; Tom, W. L.; Lebwohl, M. G.; Blumenthal, R. L.; Boguniewicz, M.; Call, R. S.; Eichenfield, L. F.; Forsha, D. W.; Rees, W. C.; Simpson, E. L.; Spellman, M. C.; Stein Gold, L. F.; Zaenglein, A. L.; Hughes, M. H.; Zane, L. T.; Hebert, A. A.

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Jul 16; 75(3):494-503 e4

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Additional topical treatments for atopic dermatitis (AD) are needed that provide relief while minimizing risks. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of crisaborole ointment, a phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, in two phase III AD studies (AD-301: NCT02118766; AD-302: NCT02118792). METHODS: Two identically designed, vehicle-controlled, double-blind studies enrolled and randomly assigned (2:1, crisaborole:vehicle) patients aged 2 years or older with an Investigator's Static Global Assessment (ISGA) score of mild or moderate for twice-daily application for 28 days. The primary end point was ISGA score at day 29 of clear (0)/almost clear (1) with 2-grade or greater improvement from baseline. Additional analyses included time to success in ISGA score, percentage of patients achieving clear/almost clear, reduction in severity of AD signs, and time to improvement in pruritus. RESULTS: More crisaborole- than vehicle-treated patients achieved ISGA score success (clear/almost clear with >/=2-grade improvement; AD-301: 32.8% vs 25.4%, P = .038; AD-302: 31.4% vs 18.0%, P < .001), with a greater percentage with clear/almost clear (51.7% vs 40.6%, P = .005; 48.5% vs 29.7%, P < .001). Crisaborole-treated patients achieved success in ISGA score and improvement in pruritus earlier than those treated with vehicle (both P

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