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Echocardiography Reveals Heart Abnormalities in Pediatric Pectus Carinatum

Port, E.; Hunter, C. J.; Buonpane, C.; Vacek, J.; Sands, L.; Kujawa, S.; Reynolds, M.

J Surg Res. 2020 Aug 3; 256:364-367


BACKGROUND: Symptoms including chest pain and palpitations are commonly described by pediatric patients with pectus deformity. Cardiac anomalies are thought to be less common in patients with pectus carinatum (PC) than those in patients with pectus excavatum; however, no literature supports this presumption. Echocardiogram (echo) assesses heart structure and function. We hypothesized that a screening echo would 1) determine the relationship between symptoms and echo findings and 2) define the incidence of cardiac defects in patients with PC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of all patients with PC who received an echo from 2015 to 2019 at a tertiary care children's hospital. Echo findings and patient-reported symptoms were collected from electronic health records. Descriptive statistics were used to assess correlation between findings. RESULTS: We identified 155 patients with PC who received an echo with complete data available for analysis. Of these, 44 (28.4%) reported chest pain and 13 (8.4%) reported palpitations. Echo results showed that five patients (3.2%) had mitral valve prolapse and 11 (7.1%) had aortic root dilation. Patient-reported symptoms were not significantly associated with abnormal echo findings. CONCLUSIONS: Chest pain and palpitations frequently occur in the PC population but may not be related to abnormal echo findings. We recommend screening echo in patients with PC regardless of symptoms.

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