Characteristics of Children Referred to a Lipid Clinic Before and After the Universal Screening Guidelines

Selvaraj, K.; Olave-Pichon, A.; Benuck, I.; Ariza, A. J.; Binns, H. J.

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 Mar 12; 58(6):656-664


In 2011, universal lipid screening was recommended for children aged 9 to 11 years; the impact of this recommendation on the lipid clinic setting is unknown. We examined the rate of primary and secondary dyslipidemia diagnoses in a lipid clinic before (2010-2011) and after (2012-2015) the guideline recommendation. We conducted a retrospective study of new clinic patients aged 0 to 20 years seen between April 2010 and April 2015. Chi-square testing was applied. The 345 subjects were 58% males; 48% >/=13 years; 56% Hispanic; and 59% obese. There was no difference in the rate of dyslipidemia diagnoses between periods (before: primary 23%, secondary 73%, no dyslipidemia 4% vs after: 22%, 72%, 6%, respectively; P = .616). There was no significant difference between periods in subject demographics for the total sample, but among those with primary dyslipidemia, pre- to post-guideline percentage of subjects with public insurance decreased (71% to 39%; P = .006). Additional strategies to increase identification of children with dyslipidemia are needed.

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