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Characteristics Associated with Successful Weight Management in Youth with Obesity

Gorecki, M. C.; Feinglass, J. M.; Binns, H. J.

J Pediatr. 2019 Jun 25; 212:35-43

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify the medical, demographic, and behavioral factors associated with a reduction of body mass index percent of the 95th percentile (BMIp95) after 1 year for patients receiving care at a tertiary care obesity management clinic. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of data from first and 12 ± 3-month follow-up visits of subjects aged 8-17 years with obesity. Data included anthropometrics, demographics, medical/psychological history, reported diet patterns, and participation in moderate/vigorous physical activity. After analyzing factors associated with 1-year follow-up, we used a forward conditional logistic regression model, controlling for subject's sex, to examine associations with a BMIp95 ≥5-point decrease at 1 year. RESULTS: Of 769 subjects, 184 (23.9%) had 1-year follow-up. Boys more often had follow-up (28.4% vs girls, 19.1%; P = .003). The follow-up sample was 62.0% male, 65.8% Hispanic, and 77.7% with public insurance; 33.2% achieved a ≥5-point decrease in BMIp95. In regression results, the ≥5-point decrease group was more likely to have completed an initial visit in April-September (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.1-3.9); have increased physical activity by 1-2 d/wk (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.4-7.8) or increased physical activity by ≥ 3 d/wk at 1 year (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.1-6.3); and less likely to have been depressed at presentation (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.9). Demographic and dietary factors were not significantly associated with BMIp95 group status. CONCLUSIONS: Strategies improving follow-up rates, addressing mental health concerns, and promoting year-round physical activity are needed to increase the effectiveness of obesity management clinics.

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