Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in a toddler with iron deficiency anemia

Habis, A.; Hobson, W. L.; Greenberg, R.

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Nov 9; 26(11):848-51

Abstract

Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is an increasingly recognized cause of neurological morbidity and mortality within the pediatric population. Unlike its manifestation in the adult population, CSVT in children has a broad and often multifactorial cause. Our case describes an 18-month-old young boy presenting to the emergency department twice during a 48-hour period with vomiting and lethargy. The child was found to have a sagittal sinus venous thrombosis caused by severe dietary iron deficiency anemia. Severe iron deficiency anemia has been linked to CSVT formation in several recent case reports.

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