Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular comorbidities of juvenile dermatomyositis in US children: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample

Silverberg, J. I.; Kwa, L.; Kwa, M. C.; Laumann, A. E.; Ardalan, K.

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2018 Jan 27

Abstract

Objective: JDM is associated with multiple potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including reduced heart rate variability, systolic/diastolic cardiac dysfunction, abnormal brachial artery reactivity and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about cardiovascular risk in JDM. We sought to examine the association between JDM and cardiovascular risk factors and disease in US children. Methods: Data from the 2002-12 National Inpatient Sample was analysed, including approximately 20% of all US hospitalizations (n = 14 535 620 paediatric hospitalizations). Results: JDM was significantly associated with 12 of 13 comorbidities, including hypertension [survey logistic regression; crude odds ratio (95% CI): 22.25 (15.51, 31.92)], obesity [5.87 (3.44, 10.02)], uncomplicated diabetes [7.95 (4.21, 15.00)], lipid abnormalities [5.84 (2.77, 12.31)], particularly lipodystrophy [151.08 (38.24, 596.86)], peripheral and visceral atherosclerosis [10.09 (3.70, 27.56)], late effects of cerebrovascular disease [15.49 (2.37, 101.43)], personal history of transient ischaemic attack and cerebral infarction [10.82 (2.46, 47.65)], pulmonary circulatory disorder [12.23 (2.59, 57.73)], arrhythmia [3.93 (2.80, 5.52)], bradycardia [4.22 (2.65, 6.74)] and hypotension [2.62 (1.27, 5.39)]. Conclusions: There are significantly higher odds of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular comorbidities among inpatients with JDM, with adolescents, girls and racial/ethnic minorities being at highest risk.

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