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Benign skull and subdural lesions in patients with prior medulloblastoma therapy

Kaneva, K.; Wadhwani, N.; DiPatri, A. J., Jr.; Palasis, S.; Goldman, S.; Aw-Zoretic, J.

Childs Nerv Syst. 2020 Sep 3

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report on our institutional cohort of patients and review the literature of medulloblastoma patients who developed skull/subdural-based lesions following treatment. METHODS: Following institutional review board (IRB) approval, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of four children with a history of treated medulloblastoma who developed non-specific skull-based/subdural lesions incidentally found on surveillance imaging. RESULTS: Biopsies of the lesions proved the pathology to be low grade and included inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, cortical fibrous defect consistent with fibroma, fibrous tissue, and fibrous dysplasia. The finding of calvarial or subdural fibrous lesions in children following therapy for medulloblastoma was noted in four out of 201 (136 with available follow-up data) medulloblastoma patients seen or discussed in our institution over the past 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: These lesions can grow over time and pose a differential diagnostic challenge with metastatic disease when identified. The skull and subdural space should be scrutinized for secondary lesions on surveillance imaging of patients with medulloblastoma who have received craniospinal irradiation as knowledge of this benign occurrence will assist with management.

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