Auditory recognition memory in 2-month-old infants as assessed by event-related potentials

Mai, X.; Xu, L.; Li, M.; Shao, J.; Zhao, Z.; Deregnier, R. A.; Nelson, C. A.; Lozoff, B.

Dev Neuropsychol. 2012 Jul 18; 37(5):400-14


Previous studies of auditory recognition memory in sleeping newborns reported 2 event-related potential (ERP) components, P2 and negative slow wave (NSW), reflecting voice discrimination and detection of novelty, respectively. In the present study, using high-density recording arrays, ERPs were acquired from 26 2-month-old awake infants as they were presented with a familiar and unfamiliar voice (i.e., mother and stranger) with equal probability. In addition to P2 and NSW, we observed a positive slow wave (PSW) over the right temporo-parietal scalp, indicating memory updating. Our study suggests that infants appear to have the capacity to encode novel stimuli as early as 2 months of age.

Read More on PubMed