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A practical guide to virtual debriefings: communities of inquiry perspective

Cheng, A.; Kolbe, M.; Grant, V.; Eller, S.; Hales, R.; Symon, B.; Griswold, S.; Eppich, W.

Adv Simul (Lond). 2020 Aug 21; 5:18


Many simulation programs have recently shifted towards providing remote simulations with virtual debriefings. Virtual debriefings involve educators facilitating conversations through web-based videoconferencing platforms. Facilitating debriefings through a computer interface introduces a unique set of challenges. Educators require practical guidance to support meaningful virtual learning in the transition from in-person to virtual debriefings. The communities of inquiry conceptual framework offer a useful structure to organize practical guidance for conducting virtual debriefings. The communities of inquiry framework describe the three key elements-social presence, teaching presence, and cognitive presence-all of which contribute to the overall learning experience. In this paper, we (1) define the CoI framework and describe its three core elements, (2) highlight how virtual debriefings align with CoI, (3) anticipate barriers to effective virtual debriefings, and (4) share practical strategies to overcome these hurdles.

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