Heard-Garris N, Sacotte KA, Winkelman TNA, et al. Association of Childhood History of Parental Incarceration and Juvenile Justice Involvement with Mental Health in Early Adulthood. JAMA Network Open. 2019;2(9):e1910465. doi: 10.1001/Jamanetworkopen.2019.10465.
It all started with conversation between pediatricians and a question. "How often are we asking our (patient) families about incarceration?" PRN sits down with lead author Nia Heard-Garris, MD, MSc, to discuss the motivation behind the reserach, the surprising scope of justice involvement for kids, and how physicians can approach this topic in their work. Listen to the latest PRN Podcast here.
Parental incarceration (PI) and juvenile justice involvement (JJI) during childhood are independently associated with mental illness during young adulthood. In this study, the authors used a national dataset (Add Health) to understand how often youth experience PI and JJI, and whether the combined experience is also associated with mental health concerns. Overall, 1.2% of youth who were 15 years old in 1994-95 experienced both PI and JJI. Adjusted for sociodemographic factors, young adults with a history of PI and JJI were significantly more likely to have a diagnosis of depression (adjusted odds ratio 2.80; 95% CI 1.60-4.90), anxiety (1.89; 1.03-3.31), and posttraumatic stress disorder (2.92; 1.09-7.82).