Clinical Services & Schedules
In their first year of training, fellows spend two months on each rotation for a total of four months rotating on the psychiatry and behavioral health consultation service, four months with the partial hospitalization (day treatment) program, and four months with the inpatient program.
Through this rotation, fellows gain experience and competence in the diagnostic assessment and intensive treatment of acutely ill children and adolescents who typically have comorbid psychiatric, developmental, social, and medical problems.
Patients from ages 3-17 years are admitted to the program for the full range of psychiatric disorders including affective disorders, psychoses, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention disorders, disruptive disorders, and co-morbid illnesses. The inpatient unit has an excellent reputation for the management of complex medically ill children, developmentally delayed children, and preschoolers. Patients are discussed in daily multidisciplinary rounds and treatment planning meetings. Primary case assignments include individual psychotherapy, family therapy, medication management, and consultation to the unit staff about milieu issues including behavior therapy and discharge planning. Fellows participate in medical and subspecialty pediatric service collaboration indicated for patients with medical issues. Fellows have ample opportunities to observe and interact with the youth in the structured school program and recreational therapy program. Group therapy experience is available, and sessions are conducted with an experienced master's level therapist. Medical students and general psychiatry residents frequently rotate on this service, which allows the fellows to participate in supervision and teaching during the rotation.
Partial Hospitalization Program
Through this rotation, fellows learn sophisticated pharmacology skills and brief, intensive psychotherapy modalities including behaviorally-based individual therapy and family interventions, and group therapy in this intensive and day treatment program. This rotation lays the groundwork for leadership positions in a variety of interdisciplinary community settings.
Patients from 4 to 14 years are admitted to the partial hospitalization program (PHP) with a range of psychiatric disorders including ADHD, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorders, learning disabilities, and complex co-morbidities. Patients frequently exhibit comorbid developmental disabilities and pediatric medical problems. The typical length of stay is 10 to 15 days. Each fellow follows three patients as the primary clinician, providing diagnostic evaluation, individual and family therapy, medication management, and consultation to the unit staff about milieu issues, behavioral programming, and discharge planning. Fellows participate in a weekly multifamily activity group that includes a parent training session and a child recreational activity group. Fellows may also have the opportunity to supervise medical students with an interest in psychiatry who rotate through PHP for monthly elective rotations.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Health Consultation Service
Through this rotation, fellows learn to function as consultants in a tertiary care pediatric setting, in the context of an experienced multidisciplinary team.
The psychiatry fellow participates in daily rounds on the psychiatry and behavioral health consultation service with a multidisciplinary team that includes psychiatry and psychology attendings and trainees, reviewing new and active cases. Because this program is in a free-standing metropolitan children's hospital that serves as the primary location for a major medical school's pediatric services, a wide range of pediatric problems across the full pediatric age span is seen. The fellow generally sees four to six new consultations per week, including emergency cases, and provides follow-up care to those patients who remain in the hospital. Brief outpatient follow-up, under supervision of the service faculty, occasionally takes place as the fellow's schedule permits. General psychiatry residents also rotate on this service, which allows the fellows to participate in supervision and teaching during the rotation.
On Tuesday afternoons in the second half of the first year of training, each CAP 1 fellow participates in this rotation where direct supervision and guidance is provided to foster skill building in diagnostic assessments and ongoing treatment of outpatients. Through this rotation, fellows gain experience and confidence in evaluating new patients, developing a diagnostic formulation and evidence-based treatment plan and providing ongoing care of outpatients. The objective of this rotation is to develop proficiency in the evaluation and treatment of the wide range of non-emergent psychiatric problems at the point of entry into psychiatric services. Fellows are expected to gather and integrate clinical information and collaborate with schools and other providers with the goal of formulating each case to provide initial treatment recommendations and initiate treatment planning. Fellows benefit from direct supervision. New cases seen by the fellows will be incorporated into their longitudinal treatment caseload.
Years One & Two
In both years of training, fellows gain experience in building and managing an outpatient caseload. Fellows also take call from home approximately every twelfth night, gaining essential skills in emergency assessment and triage management, crisis intervention, and treatment planning.
Emergency Psychiatry Service
Through this experience, fellows learn to provide efficient, expert child and adolescent psychiatric emergency assessments, interventions and treatment planning. They also gain experience in collaborating with community agencies and hospital staff including nurses, social workers, pediatric specialists, abuse team workers, and other health care professionals in crisis situations. A faculty attending is also on call every night to supervise all cases and provide clinical assistance as needed.
Psychiatric social workers provide first-line assessment and case coordination for patients presenting to the hospital’s Emergency Department. The fellow on call is responsible for evaluating patients who are being admitted to the inpatient psychiatric unit before 8 pm. On weekdays, fellows will complete admissions for patients who arrive to the unit from 5 pm to 8 pm. On holidays and weekends, fellows will complete admissions for patients who arrive to the unit from 8 am to 8 pm. Pediatric hospitalists evaluate patients who are admitted to the inpatient psychiatric unit after 8 pm. Fellows may be asked to write orders remotely from home for PRN medications after 8 pm.
Fellows will handle any pediatric consults or consultation questions that arise on the pediatric medical floors during their call shift.
Fellows who are in the hospital on call past 10 p.m. are considered to be post-call and are required to take off the following afternoon to ensure adequate time for rest and personal activities. Fellows are not expected to carry their pagers after hours when they are not on call.
In their second year of training, fellows spend time in a variety of subspecialty clinics. In addition to these required rotations, one to two days per week are also set aside for fellows to pursue electives in areas of individual clinical, teaching, or research interest.
Through this rotation, fellows gain experience and knowledge in court proceedings, which complements the experience fellows gain throughout their training in evaluating children for whom custody, home, or educational placement is an issue.
In the Juvenile Division of the Cook County Office of the Public Guardian (OPG), fellows review client files and records and discuss the appropriateness of mental health treatment options with attorneys, as well as custody, residential, or educational placement issues. Fellows also observe contested trials, motions, and depositions, including direct and cross-examinations of opinion witnesses, and discuss observed cases with attorneys to gain perspective on legal professional opinion testimony. In addition, fellows provide a lecture on a forensic-related mental health issue to the attorneys and staff of the OPG.
Neuropsychiatry Teaching Clinic
Through this rotation, fellows gain experience in clinical pediatric neuropsychiatry and advance their pharmacological expertise. Fellows also gain increased confidence and competence in providing complex pharmacological consultation to other medical colleagues, including neurologists and primary care physicians. Fellows work directly with subspecialized attending faculty to learn comprehensive multidisciplinary psychiatric evaluation and treatment of youth with neurological and medical disorders. Boys and girls of all age groups with a variety of neurological and medical disorders requiring psychiatric diagnostic and treatment evaluations are seen. Patients may be referred either from within the hospital or by practitioners in the community. During each half-day clinic, fellows will typically conduct one new psychiatric diagnostic or medication evaluation and two to four follow-up visits.
In this rotation, fellows gain experience in pediatric neurology, providing a foundation for the evaluation and treatment of complex psychiatric problems at the interface of psychiatry and neurology. Fellows see patients from infancy through age 20 with neurological problems such as seizure disorders, headaches, cerebral palsy, developmental delay, hydrocephalus, tumors, and behavioral presentations of neurological disorders. Treatment includes anticonvulsant and other medications and recommendations for a variety of further evaluations and rehabilitative approaches including occupational, physical, speech, and psychiatric services. Fellows also participate in morning neurological team rounds on the intensive care unit with neurology attendings to gain additional experience in the evaluation and management of the full range of severe neurologic conditions requiring intensive care treatment, including traumatic brain injury, altered mental status, stroke, epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer and other illnesses.
Early Childhood Rotation
Through this rotation, fellows gain experience in treating preschool-aged children referred by a variety of hospital and community/school providers for specialized early childhood assessments and treatment. Fellows directly observe patient evaluations by highly experienced psychologists and social workers with expertise with early childhood and developmental psychopathology. Fellows will participate in an 8-12 week group for children ages 3-6 years old with disruptive behavioral disorders, using an evidence-based psychotherapy curriculum.
They also rotate through the Lurie Children’s Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics clinic, working with developmental and behavioral pediatricians, a pediatric neurologist, speech and language pathologists, a physical therapist and an occupational therapist. They will observe an ADOS. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) is a semi-structured assessment of communication, social interaction, and play (or imaginative use of materials) for individuals suspected of having autism or other pervasive developmental disorders. Fellows will fine-tune their diagnostic skills to evaluate early-onset disruptive behavior disorders, feeding and sleep difficulties, attachment and anxiety syndromes, and other psychiatric disorders presenting in early childhood ranging from the uncomplicated to the complex/co-morbid. Treatment modalities in this rotation include both psychopharmacology and psychotherapy, encompassing family, parenting, and group therapy.
Mood and Anxiety Rotation
During this clinical experience, fellows work with a multidisciplinary staff and faculty to gain skills to evaluate the full range of childhood mood and anxiety disorders. Fellows become experienced not only in thorough diagnostic processes, but also in using empirically-based treatments including cognitive behavioral therapy techniques and up-to-date psychopharmacologic interventions. An emphasis is placed on complex treatment planning, including individual, family, group, and combination treatments. Fellows will participate in a 16 week Unified Protocol group treating children with internalizing disorders. The Unified Protocol is a trans-diagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy used to treat anxiety and depression.
Fellows are also encouraged to utilize the Unified Protocol in treatment of their individual patients seen in their outpatient clinic.
School and Community Agency Consultation
Through this rotation, fellows gain opportunities to observe normal development in school-age children, and to gain consultation experience in demographically diverse schools and community recreational and youth development programs. Fellows also partner with the hospital’s faculty and staff through the Center for Childhood Resilience to provide education and consultation to teachers, staff, and parents about mental health issues, social/emotional skills training, and behavioral plan development. They may also become involved in other administrative, consulting, or advocacy/outreach projects related to mental health issues in the community.
Emergency Psychiatry Rotation
In this two-month rotation, fellows spend half a day a week in the emergency department, assessing, triaging and treating patients who present with psychiatric concerns. This rotation supplements the consultation-liaison experience that fellows had in the first year of fellowship.