Mothers who are either married or list a father on the baby’s birth certificate are more likely to start and continue to breastfeed, have early prenatal care, and have lower rates of smoking and drinking during pregnancy compared to mothers without a listed father. Therefore, father involvement is linked to better infant and maternal health outcomes.
Kortsmit, K., Garfield, C., Smith, R. A., Boulet, S., Simon, C., Pazol, K., … Warner, L. (2020). Paternal Involvement and Maternal Perinatal Behaviors: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2012-2015. Public Health Reports, 135(2), 253–261. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033354920904066