​Medications for Intestinal Disorders

Children with intestinal disorders often move secretions through the stomach a little slower than usual. This can result in increased vomiting, diarrhea or gastrostomy tube leakage. There are medications th​at can help decrease nausea and vomiting, and improve movement of secretions through the stomach and intestine. Some of the medications commonly used include: 

  • ​Erythromycin ethyl succinate (E.E.S.) 
  • Metoclopramide (such as Reglan) 
  • Lansoprazole (such as Prevacid) 
  • Ranitidine (such as Zantac) 

Medications to help decrease diarrhea and help improve absorption of nutrients may also be used. Examples of common anti-diarrhea medications include: 

  • ​Loperamide (such as Imodium) 
  • Clonidine (such as Catapres)  

Often children with short bowel syndrome have decreased intestinal motility and food does not move through the intestine like it should. Sometimes too much bacteria can collect in the intestine. This is called small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO). Occasionally, the bacteria can move into the bloodstream and cause infection. 

Certain antibiotics are used to h​elp prevent this and other bacterial infections from occurring. Some of the medications commonly used are: 

  • ​Metronidazole (such as Flagyl) 
  • Sulfamethoxazole -Trimethoprim (such as Bactrim) 
  • Rifaximin (such as Xifaxan)