Vomiting is a reflex due to many kinds of problems such as viruses and often causes the contents of the stomach to come out of the mouth. Everyone at one point in their life has vomited and knows how painful it can be in the abdominal area. Vomiting in children could be a simple gastrointestinal (GI) bug or something more serious that requires urgent care from a gastroenterologist.
Causes of vomiting
Vomiting in children could be due to anything such as motion sickness to a more serious illness. Some common childhood vomiting causes are listed below:
Viral GI Tract Infection
Rotavirusis a very contagious viral infection that causes diarrhea, but also could make your child have nausea and vomiting. Other viruses include Norwalk virus, which is very easy for children under 4 years old to get in nurseries. This virus is often referred to as the tummy flu and is very contagious in younger children.
Infections in other parts of the body could cause vomiting as one of the signs and symptoms of that infection. Some examples are appendicitis, ear infections and pneumonia.
Undercooked poultry and meats can be a very hazardous food for children to eat. Proper food sanitation is important to avoid getting your family sick. Some common food poisons are E. coli and variations of Staphylococcus.
If your child swallowed, inhaled or played with a toxic item or chemical, the body could defend itself against the toxin by making the child throw up. Get more information on how to prevent chemical/household poisoning.
Other GI Conditions
Your child might have a GI tract issue such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),or a feeding aversion problem that can be addressed by a gastroenterologist.
Depending on the severity of the vomiting and also length that the child is vomiting their are a various amount of treatments that could help:
Vomiting may cause your child to lose valuable electrolytes and water, which need to be replenished with clear electrolyte drinks.
- Urgent care
Depending on the incident that caused the vomiting your child might need to be taken to the Emergency Room or an urgent appointment with one of our physicians. Many services are available to help with your urgent situation, and it is important to recognize the significance of your child's vomiting as it can be something very dangerous.
Learn about our Gastrointestinal Motility & Functional Bowel Disorders Program.